Harrisburg, South Dakota

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Harrisburg, South Dakota
City
City of Harrisburg.jpg
Motto: Great Things Are Happening
Location in Lincoln County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Lincoln County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°25′46″N 96°41′46″W / 43.42944°N 96.69611°W / 43.42944; -96.69611Coordinates: 43°25′46″N 96°41′46″W / 43.42944°N 96.69611°W / 43.42944; -96.69611
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Lincoln
Government
 • Mayor Julie Burke-Bowen [1]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.48 sq mi (6.42 km2)
 • Land 2.48 sq mi (6.42 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,427 ft (435 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 4,089
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 4,861
 • Density 1,648.8/sq mi (636.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57032
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-27260
GNIS feature ID 1265650[5]
Website http://www.harrisburg.govoffice.com/

Harrisburg is a city in Lincoln County, South Dakota, United States and is a suburb of Sioux Falls. The population was 4,089 by the 2010 census, having grown from 958 in 2000 census. The population of the Harrisburg zip code has grown from 2,476 in 2000 to 10,342 in 2010.

History[edit]

Before the railroad was built through Lincoln County, a stagecoach brought mail to the Johnson Harris Homestead located on Nine Mile Creek in Dayton Township. Johnson Harris named the post office Harrisburg in honor of himself.[6]

The history of Harrisburg started August 1, 1879, when the first train came rolling through the territory. The train went from Sioux City, Iowa, to Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The post office was moved to the Emory J. Darling Homestead, 1 mile south of what is now Harrisburg. The post office was called Salina in honor of Mrs. Jim Stillwell, an early settler and a highly respected teacher.[6]

Finally in 1890, the depot was moved to its present site. The post office took back its original name and the town of Harrisburg was born.

One of the many early businesses in Harrisburg was the State Bank circa 1901-1945. The bank's building is still located in its original spot at 101 Railroad Ave.[6] The bank itself was built in 1899 and completely restored in 2006 by its current owner RISE, Inc. is a construction management/structural engineering firm.[7]

Much mystery surrounds the old bank building, including whether or not the infamous bandit, John Dillinger, stopped to rob it. According to popular legend, after Dillinger robbed the bank, he fired a round into the teller counter as a reminder not to follow him out. That bullet hole remains there today.

Whether it was Dillinger who shot the bullet into the teller counter, or not, the hole remains proof of Harrisburg's history.[6]

Government[edit]

City government: The city of Harrisburg is led by a mayor-council (weak mayor) form of government. Mayoral elections occur every four years. City council seats are contested every three years; However, not all of the council members are elected in the same year. The council consists of four members elected to represent two wards. The council member position is designed to be part-time.[8]

Geography[edit]

Harrisburg is located at 43°25′46″N 96°41′46″W / 43.42944°N 96.69611°W / 43.42944; -96.69611 (43.429366, -96.696113).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.48 square miles (6.42 km2), all of it land.[2]

Harrisburg has been assigned the ZIP code 57032 and the FIPS place code 27260.

Harrisburg is an estimated 2.7 miles from the south edge of Sioux Falls metro area.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 164
1920 193 17.7%
1930 205 6.2%
1940 241 17.6%
1950 274 13.7%
1960 313 14.2%
1970 338 8.0%
1980 558 65.1%
1990 727 30.3%
2000 958 31.8%
2010 4,089 326.8%
Est. 2013 4,861 18.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2013 Estimate[12]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 4,089 people, 1,423 households, and 1,133 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,648.8 inhabitants per square mile (636.6 /km2). There were 1,507 housing units at an average density of 607.7 per square mile (234.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 1,423 households of which 53.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 20.4% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.18.

The median age in the city was 27.1 years. 34% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 42.6% were from 25 to 44; 13.1% were from 45 to 64; and 2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Education[edit]

Harrisburg currently has one high school, two middle schools, referred to as North and South, and five elementary schools.

High School:

  • Harrisburg

Middle Schools:

  • North
  • South

Elementary Schools:

  • Liberty
  • Freedom
  • Journey
  • Explorer
  • Endeavor

Liberty Elementary and Freedom Elementary are located inside Harrisburg. Journey & Explorer elementary schools are a part of the Harrisburg School District even though they are in Sioux Falls. Endeavor Elementary is newly opened as of August 20, 2013. A new (2008) sports complex and stadium were built at the new high school on the west side of Harrisburg, along with construction of soccer fields and tennis courts on the north side of the Harrisburg High School campus. Harrisburg is in SDHSAA class AA in athletics and would compete with the five other class Sioux Falls metro schools, but those Sioux Falls schools moved up to AAA at the same time.[13]

References[edit]