Harrison Township, New Jersey

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For the town in Hudson County, see Harrison, New Jersey.
Harrison Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Harrison
Harrison Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Harrison Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Harrison Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Harrison Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°43′34″N 75°12′18″W / 39.72601°N 75.20505°W / 39.72601; -75.20505Coordinates: 39°43′34″N 75°12′18″W / 39.72601°N 75.20505°W / 39.72601; -75.20505[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated March 13, 1844 as Spicer Township
Renamed April 1, 1845 as Harrison Township
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Louis Manzo (term ends December 31, 2016)[3]
 • Administrator Mark L. Gravinese[4]
 • Clerk Diane Malloy[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 19.228 sq mi (49.798 km2)
 • Land 19.141 sq mi (49.574 km2)
 • Water 0.087 sq mi (0.224 km2)  0.45%
Area rank 146th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 46 ft (14 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 12,417
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 12,556
 • Rank 195th of 566 in state
8th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 648.7/sq mi (250.5/km2)
 • Density rank 420th of 566 in state
18th of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08062 - Mullica Hill[13][14]
Area code(s) 856[15]
FIPS code 3401530180[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882146[1][18]
Website www.harrisontwp.us

Harrison Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,417,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 3,629 (+41.3%) from the 8,788 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,073 (+86.4%) from the 4,715 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Harrison Township was originally formed as Spicer Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 13, 1844, from portions of Greenwich Township and Woolwich Township. That name lasted for less than a year, with Harrison Township adopted as of April 1, 1845.[20] Harrison is a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.[21][22]

Geography[edit]

Harrison Township is located at 39°43′34″N 75°12′18″W / 39.72601°N 75.20505°W / 39.72601; -75.20505 (39.72601,-75.20505). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 19.228 square miles (49.798 km2), of which, 19.141 square miles (49.574 km2) of it was land and 0.087 square miles (0.224 km2) of it (0.45%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Woolwich Township, East Greenwich Township, Mantua Township, Glassboro, Elk Township, and South Harrison Township.

Mullica Hill is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated area located within Harrison Township that had a 2010 Census population of 3,982.[23] Richwood is a CDP that is in portions of both Harrison Township and Mantua Township, which had a 2010 population of 3,459, of which 3,400 is in Harrison Township and 59 in Mantua Township.[24][25] Other unincorporated communities within Harrison Township are Ewan and Jefferson.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,984
1860 2,544 28.2%
1870 3,038 19.4%
1880 2,841 −6.5%
1890 1,545 −45.6%
1900 1,569 1.6%
1910 1,682 7.2%
1920 1,633 −2.9%
1930 1,827 11.9%
1940 1,805 −1.2%
1950 2,225 23.3%
1960 2,410 8.3%
1970 2,661 10.4%
1980 3,585 34.7%
1990 4,715 31.5%
2000 8,788 86.4%
2010 12,417 41.3%
Est. 2013 12,721 [11] 2.4%
Population sources: 1850-2000[26]
1850-1920[27] 1850-1870[28]
1850[29] 1870[30] 1880-1890[31]
1890-1910[32] 1910-1930[33]
1930-1990[34] 2000[35][36] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,417 people, 3,942 households, and 3,315 families residing in the township. The population density was 648.7 per square mile (250.5 /km2). There were 4,089 housing units at an average density of 213.6 per square mile (82.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.57% (11,246) White, 3.83% (475) Black or African American, 0.09% (11) Native American, 3.38% (420) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.48% (59) from other races, and 1.66% (206) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.01% (374) of the population.[8]

There were 3,942 households, of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.7% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.9% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.47.[8]

In the township, 31.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $102,162 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,851) and the median family income was $121,366 (+/- $9,400). Males had a median income of $88,157 (+/- $6,618) versus $47,857 (+/- $10,273) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,354 (+/- $2,640). About 5.0% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 8,788 people, 2,848 households, and 2,323 families residing in the township. The population density was 459.3 people per square mile (177.4/km²). There were 2,939 housing units at an average density of 153.6 per square mile (59.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.16% White, 2.96% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.[35][36]

There were 2,848 households out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.44.[35][36]

In the township the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the township was $77,143, and the median income for a family was $84,379. Males had a median income of $61,770 versus $39,583 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,645. About 2.1% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[35][36]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Harrison Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, the members of the Harrison Township Committee are Mayor Louis F. Manzo, Deputy Mayor Dennis Clowney, Matt Diggons, Don Heim and Robert Shearer.[38]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Harrison Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[39] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[9][40][41] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Harrison Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[42]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[43] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[44][45] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[46][47]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Donald Norcross (D, Camden) and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[48] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[49] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[50]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[51] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[52] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[53] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[54] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[55] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[56] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[57][58][59][60] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[61] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[62] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[63][64][59]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,889 registered voters in Harrison Township, of which 1,903 (24.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,533 (32.1%) were registered as Republicans and 3,447 (43.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.[65]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 52.3% of the vote here (3,280 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 45.7% (2,867 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (68 votes), among the 6,273 ballots cast by the township's 7,975 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7%.[66] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.0% of the vote here (3,039 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 40.7% (2,132 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (42 votes), among the 5,236 ballots cast by the township's 6,540 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 80.1.[67]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 59.5% of the vote here (2,214 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 31.7% (1,178 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.1% (265 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (23 votes), among the 3,718 ballots cast by the township's 7,900 registered voters, yielding a 47.1% turnout.[68]

Transportation[edit]

The major county road that goes through is CR 581. State routes include Route 45, Route 55, and Route 77. U.S. Route 322 passes through the center of town. The New Jersey Turnpike runs through the township for a fifth of a mile, but the nearest interchange is just over the line in neighboring Woolwich Township.

New Jersey Transit bus service is available between Harrison Township and Philadelphia on the 410 route.[69]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for Kindergarten through sixth grade attend the Harrison Township School District. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[70]) are Harrison Township Elementary School[71] (837 students in grades PreK-3) and Pleasant Valley School[72] (657 students in grades 4-6).[73][74]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Clearview Regional High School District, which serves students from Harrison Township and Mantua Township.[75][76] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[77]) are Clearview Regional Middle School[78] (with 924 students in grades 7 and 8) and Clearview Regional High School[79] (with 1,600 students in grades 9-12).[80]

Friends School Mullica Hill is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational day school located in the Mullica Hill section of Harrison Township that was established in 1969 and now serves students Prekindergarten through eighth grade.[81]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Harrison Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Township Administrator, Harrison Township. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  5. ^ Clerk, Harrison Township. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Harrison, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Harrison township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Harrison township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mullica Hill, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mullica Hill, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 139. Accessed October 26, 2012.
  21. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  22. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  23. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Mullica Hill CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  24. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Richwood CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  25. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  26. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  27. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  28. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 257, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 11, 2013. "Harrison township contained in 1850 a population of 1,984; in 1860, 2,544; and in 1870, 3,038. Mullica Hill is in this township."
  29. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  30. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  31. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  32. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  33. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  34. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  35. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Harrison township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  36. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Harrison township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  37. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Harrison township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  38. ^ Township Committee, Harrison Township. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  39. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  44. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  46. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  47. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  48. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2014.
  49. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  50. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  51. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  52. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  53. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  54. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  55. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  56. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  57. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  58. ^ Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  59. ^ a b 2014 Gloucester County Official Directory, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  60. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  61. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  62. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  63. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  64. ^ Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  65. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  66. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  67. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  68. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  69. ^ Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  70. ^ Data for the Harrison Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  71. ^ Harrison Township Elementary School, Harrison Township School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  72. ^ Pleasant Valley School, Harrison Township School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  73. ^ Home Page, Harrison Township School District. Accessed September 11, 2013. "The district has two school buildings. Harrison Township Elementary School (grades K through 3, and a pre-school handicapped program) houses over 800 students. Pleasant Valley Elementary School (grades 4 through 6), houses nearly 700 students."
  74. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Harrison Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  75. ^ Clearview Regional High School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013. "The Clearview Regional High School District serves 2,550 students in grades 7 through 12 from Harrison and Mantua townships."
  76. ^ Sending Schools, Clearview Regional High School District. Accessed September 11, 2013. "Harrison Township School - Mantua Township School"
  77. ^ Data for the Clearview Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  78. ^ Clearview Regional Middle School, Clearview Regional School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  79. ^ Clearview Regional High School, Clearview Regional School District. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  80. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Clearview Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013.
  81. ^ Our Founding, Friends School Mullica Hill. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  82. ^ John Wright Hazelton, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 16, 2007.
  83. ^ Nathan Taylor Stratton. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 25, 2007.

External links[edit]