|City of Harrisonburg|
Rockingham County Courthouse in Court Square in downtown Harrisonburg
|Nickname(s): The Friendly City, H'Burg, The Burg|
Location in Virginia
|• Type||Council-manager government|
|• City Manager||Kurt Hodgen|
|• Mayor||Ted Byrd (R)|
|• Vice Mayor||Charles Chenault (I)|
|• City Council|
|• Total||17.4 sq mi (45 km2)|
|• Land||17.3 sq mi (45 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||1,325 ft (404 m)|
|• Density||2,827/sq mi (1,092/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||22801-22803, 22807|
|GNIS feature ID||1498489|
Harrisonburg is an independent city in the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,914. Harrisonburg is the county seat of Rockingham County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Harrisonburg with Rockingham County for statistical purposes. Harrisonburg is home to James Madison University and Eastern Mennonite University.
Harrisonburg is the core city of the Harrisonburg, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area which has a 2011 estimated population of 126,562
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Points of interest
- 6 Events
- 7 Sports
- 8 Climate
- 9 Notable people
- 10 See also
- 11 References and notes
- 12 External links
The earliest documented English exploration of the area prior to settlement was the "Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition", led by Lt. Gov. Alexander Spotswood, who reached Elkton, and whose rangers continued and in 1716 likely passed through what is now Harrisonburg.
Harrisonburg, previously known as Rocktown, was named for Thomas Harrison, a son of English settlers. In 1737, Harrison settled in the Shenandoah Valley, eventually laying claim to over 12,000 acres (49 km2). This was situated at the intersection of the Spotswood Trail and the main Native American road through the Valley.
In 1779, Harrison deeded 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) of his land to the "public good" for the construction of a courthouse. In 1780, Harrison deeded an additional 50 acres (200,000 m2). This is the area now known as "Historic Downtown Harrisonburg."
In 1849, trustees chartered a mayor-council form of government, although Harrisonburg was not officially incorporated as an independent city until 1916. Today, a council-manager government administers Harrisonburg.
When the slaves of the Shenandoah Valley were freed in 1865, they set up near modern-day Harrisonburg a town called Newtown. This settlement was eventually annexed by the independent city of Harrisonburg some years later, probably around 1892. Today, the old city of Newtown is still the home of the majority of Harrisonburg's predominantly black churches, such as First Baptist and Bethel AME. The modern Boys and Girls Club of Harrisonburg is located in the old Lucy Simms schoolhouse used for the black students in the days of segregation.
A large portion of this black neighborhood was dismantled in the 1950s when – in the name of urban renewal – the city government used federal redevelopment funds from the Housing Act of 1949 to force black families out of their homes and then bulldozed the neighborhood. This effort, called "Project R4," focused on the city blocks east of Main, north of Gay, west of Broad, and south of Johnson. The city later sold the land to commercial developers.
In early 2002, the Harrisonburg community discussed the possibility of creating a pedestrian mall downtown. Public meetings were held to discuss the merits and drawbacks of pursuing such a plan. Ultimately, the community decided to keep its Main Street open to traffic. From these discussions, however, a strong voice emerged from the community in resounding support of downtown revitalization.
On July 1, 2003, Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance was incorporated as a 501(c)3 non-profit with the mission of rejuvenating the downtown district.
In 2004, downtown was designated as the Harrisonburg Downtown Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places and a designated Virginia Main Street Community, with the neighboring Old Town Historic District residential community gaining historic district status in 2007. Several vacant buildings have been renovated and re-purposed for new uses, like the Hardesty-Higgins House and City Exchange, used for the Harrisonburg Tourist Center and high-end loft apartments, respectively.
In 2008, downtown Harrisonburg spent over $1 million in cosmetic and sidewalk infrastructure improvements (also called streetscaping and wayfinding projects). The City Council appropriated $500,000 for custom street signs to be used as "wayfinding signs" directing visitors to areas of interest around the city. Another $500,000 was used to upgrade street lighting, sidewalks, and landscaping along Main Street and Court Square.
In addition to the Thomas Harrison House, Harrisonburg Downtown Historic District, and Old Town Historic District, the Anthony Hockman House, Rockingham County Courthouse, Lucy F. Simms School, Whitesel Brothers, and Joshua Wilton House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.4 square miles (45.1 km2), of which 17.3 square miles (44.8 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.3%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,468 people, 13,133 households, and 6,448 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,304.4 people per square mile (889.8/km²). There were 13,689 housing units at an average density of 779.5 per square mile (301.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.84% White, 5.92% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 3.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.35% from other races, and 2.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.85% of the population.
There were 13,133 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.9% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 15.4% under the age of 18, 40.9% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,949, and the median income for a family was $45,159. Males had a median income of $29,951 versus $22,910 for women. The per-capita income for the city was $14,898. About 11.5% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.
Serving about 4,400 students (K–12) Harrisonburg City Public Schools comprises five elementary schools, two middle schools, and a high school. Eastern Mennonite School, a private school, serves grades K–12 with an enrollment of about 386 students.
- Thomas Harrison Middle School (Public)
- Skyline Middle School (Public)
- W.H. Keister Elementary (Public)
- Smithland Elementary School (Public)
- Spotswood Elementary (Public)
- Spring Elementary (Public)
- Waterman Elementary (Public)
- Eastern Mennonite University (Private)
- James Madison University (Public)
- Blue Ridge Community College Harrisonburg Center (Main campus is in Weyers Cave)
- National College (Private, for profit)
Points of interest
- Edith J. Carrier Arboretum
- Downtown Harrisonburg
- Harrisonburg's Old Post Office Mural (Now US Bankruptcy Court)
- The Alpine Loop Gran Fondo road-cycling event hosted by professional cyclist Jeremiah Bishop starts and finishes in downtown Harrisonburg.
- The first annual Super Gr8 Film Festival was held in Harrisonburg in November 2010.
- The annual Harrisonburg International Festival celebrates international foods, dance, music, and folk art.
- Eastern Mennonite Royals (NCAA Division III, Old Dominion Athletic Conference (ODAC));
- 2010 Division III Men's Basketball Elite 8 Qualifiers;
- 2004 Women's basketball sweet sixteen qualifiers;
- Harrisonburg Turks (Valley Baseball League);
- James Madison Dukes (NCAA Division I, Football Championship Subdivision, Colonial Athletic Association);
- 2004 Division I-AA National Champions.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Harrisonburg has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- Samuel B. Avis, former United States Representative for West Virginia (1913–1915);
- Jeremiah Bishop, 2003 Pan American Games gold medalist in cross country mountain bike racing;
- Nelson Chittum, former pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals and Boston Red Sox;
- Dell Curry, former NBA player, father of NBA players Stephen Curry and Seth Curry;
- Critter Fuqua and Ketch Secor, co-founders of old-time band Old Crow Medicine Show;
- Daryl Irvine, former starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox;
- Akeem Jordan, right outside linebacker for the Kansas City Chiefs;
- Alan Knicely, former catcher for four MLB teams between 1979 and 1986;
- Tim Leffel, travel book author and editor of Perceptive Travel webzine;
- Edgar Amos Love, educator, bishop in the Methodist Church, and co-founder of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc;
- Bill Mims, former Attorney General of Virginia (2009–10) and current justice of the Supreme Court of Virginia;
- Gus Niarhos, former catcher for the Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox, New York Yankees, and Philadelphia Phillies;
- John Birdsell Oren, U.S. Coast Guard Rear Admiral;
- Ralph Sampson, former collegiate basketball stand-out at the University of Virginia, former NBA player; first overall selection in the 1983 NBA Draft by the Houston Rockets;
- David E. Shank, co-founder and general manager of the Valley of Virginia Milk Producers Cooperative Association, which developed and marketed Shendandoah's Pride milk;
- Howard Stevens, former NFL running back who played for the New Orleans Saints and the Baltimore Colts;
- Maggie Stiefvater, number-one best-selling author of The Wolves of Mercy Falls series;
- Josh Sundquist, paralympian, bestselling author, and motivational speaker;
- Kristi Toliver, 2009 ACC women's basketball Player of the Year (University of Maryland);
- John Wade, former center for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and the Oakland Raiders.
- Harrisonburg Department of Public Transportation;
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Harrisonburg, Virginia;
- Virginia Mennonite Conference.
References and notes
- City Manager Kurt Hodgen
- Term: 2011–2015; Mayor Ted Byrd
- Term 2011–2015; Vice Mayor Charles Chenault
- Term: 2013–2017; Council Member Richard Baugh
- Term: 2011-2015 Council Member Ted Byrd
- Term: 2013–2017; Council Member Kai Degner
- Term 2011–2015; Council Member Charles Chenault
- Term 2013–2017; Council Member Abe Shearer
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Harrisonburg – Populated Place". Geographic Names Information System. USGS. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011" (CSV). 2011 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. April 20, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- Kane, Joseph Nathan, Aiken, Charles Curry (2004). The American Counties. Scarecrow Press. p. 130. ISBN 0-8108-5036-2.
- Harrison, J. Houston (1935). Settlers by the Long Grey Trail J.K. Ruebush. p 214-249
- Julian Smith, 2007, Moon Virginia p. 246
- A Brief History of Harrisonburg
- Government Structure of Harrisonburg
- Stephens City, Virginia was also called Newtown at this time.
- Remembering Project R4
- Bolsinger, Andrew Scot (October 28, 2002). "Downtown, Andrew Scot Bolsinger". Daily News-Record (Harrisonburg, VA). Retrieved July 3, 2009.
- "Harrisonburg Downtown Historic District". Virginia Main Street Community: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
- Creswell, Kelly (Aug 14, 2007). "Harrisonburg Streetscape". WHSV TV 3 (Gray Television, Inc.). Retrieved July 3, 2009.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Eastern Mennonite School profile.
- "Alpine Loop Gran Fondo". Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Bowser, Heather (June 14, 2011). "Super Gr8 Movie Fest Debuts Tuesday: Fest Challenges Filmmakers To Get It Right In One Take". Retrieved June 14, 2007.
- "Fun On the Square: Downtown Hosts Movices, Music Every Friday". June 9, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2007.
- "Harrisonburg International Festival". Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Climate Summary for Harrisonburg, Virginia
- "Howard Stevens". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Camille, Powell. The Washington Post. March 6, 2009. "Kristi Toliver"
- "John Wade". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
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