Harrodsburg, Kentucky

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"Harrodsburg" redirects here. For the small community in Indiana, see Harrodsburg, Indiana.
Harrodsburg, Kentucky
City
Downtown Harrodsburg, 2007
Downtown Harrodsburg, 2007
Location of Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Location of Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°45′50″N 84°50′46″W / 37.76389°N 84.84611°W / 37.76389; -84.84611Coordinates: 37°45′50″N 84°50′46″W / 37.76389°N 84.84611°W / 37.76389; -84.84611
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Mercer
Founded June 16, 1774
Incorporated March 1, 1836
Named for James Harrod
Government
 • Mayor Eddie Long
Area
 • Total 5.3 sq mi (14 km2)
 • Land 5.3 sq mi (14 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 850 ft (260 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,340
 • Density 1,573.6/sq mi (607.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 40330
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-34966
GNIS feature ID 0493831
Website harrodsburgcity.org

Harrodsburg is a 4th-class city in Mercer County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[1] The population was 8,340 at the 2010 census.

Although Harrodsburg was formally established by the House of Burgesses after Boonesborough and was not incorporated by the Kentucky legislature until 1836,[2] it is usually considered the oldest city in Kentucky and has been honored as the oldest permanent American settlement west of the Appalachians.

History[edit]

Harrodstown (sometimes Harrod's Town) was laid out and founded by its namesake James Harrod on June 16, 1774.[3] Amid Dunmore's War, the settlement was abandoned later the same year as a result of Native American[which?] attacks, but it was resettled a year later in 1775. Fear of attacks from the Native Americans during the American Revolutionary War left it one of only three settlements in Kentucky after 1777, along with Logan's Fort and Boonesborough. Also known as Oldtown, Harrodstown was the first seat of Virginia's Kentucky (1776), Lincoln (1780), and Mercer (1785) counties upon their formations.[4] It remains the seat of Mercer County in Kentucky.

The settlement was formally established by the Virginia legislature in 1785 as Harrodsburg.[3] In 1789, it was named the location of the Kentucky Federal District Court.[5] The Kentucky legislature incorporated Harrodsburg in 1836.[2]

During the Civil War, the town was pro-Confederate[4] but Union control permitted the organization of the 19th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Infantry at nearby Camp Harwood for a three-year enlistment commencing January 2, 1862, under the command of Col. William J. Landram. Following the Battle of Perryville, much of the city was converted into makeshift hospitals; 1600 sick and wounded Confederate soldiers were captured during a raid by the 9th Kentucky Cavalry under Lt Col. John Boyle on October 10, 1862. The city then remained under martial law for the remainder of the war.[4]

The L&N network reached the city in 1888. Pioneer Memorial Park (now Old Fort Harrod State Park) was opened on June 16, 1927. In 1936, Pres. Franklin Delano Roosevelt honored the city with a monument honoring the 'first permanent settlement west of the Appalachians'.[4]

Company D of the 192nd Tank Battalion in the Battle of Bataan was from Harrodsburg.[6]

Geography[edit]

Harrodsburg is located at 37°45′50″N 84°50′46″W / 37.76389°N 84.84611°W / 37.76389; -84.84611 (37.764019, -84.845974)[7]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 sq mi (13.7 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

Harrodsburg is in the humid subtropical climate zone, although verging on a humid continental climate.[8] Summers are hot and humid, and winters are cool with mild periods.

Average high is 87 °F in July and August, the warmest months, with the average lows of 26 °F in January, the coolest month. The highest recorded temperature was 105 °F in September 1954. The lowest recorded temperature was -18 °F in January 1985. Average annual precipitation is 45.73 inches (1,162 mm), with the wettest month being May, averaging 4.68 inches (119 mm).[9]

Climate data for Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 43 49 58 68 76 84 87 87 81 70 58 47 67
Average low °F 26 29 36 45 54 63 67 65 59 47 39 30 47
Precipitation inches 3.36 3.52 4.28 3.81 4.68 4.29 4.56 3.85 3.09 2.95 3.45 3.89 45.73
Average high °C 6 9 14 20 24 29 31 31 27 21 14 8 19
Average low °C −3 −2 2 7 12 17 19 18 15 8 4 −1 8
Precipitation mm 85.3 89.4 108.7 96.8 118.9 109 115.8 97.8 78.5 74.9 87.6 98.8 1,161.5
Source: The Weather Channel [10]

Demographics[edit]

Mercer County Courthouse, 2006
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,481
1860 1,668 12.6%
1870 2,205 32.2%
1880 2,202 −0.1%
1890 3,230 46.7%
1900 2,876 −11.0%
1910 3,147 9.4%
1920 3,765 19.6%
1930 4,029 7.0%
1940 4,673 16.0%
1950 5,262 12.6%
1960 6,061 15.2%
1970 6,741 11.2%
1980 7,265 7.8%
1990 7,335 1.0%
2000 8,014 9.3%
2010 8,340 4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,014 people, 3,449 households, and 2,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,510.5 /sq mi (583.2 /km2). There were 3,709 housing units at an average density of 699.1 /sq mi (269.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.92% White, 7.52% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.15% of the population.

There were 3,449 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was US $27,500, and the median income for a family was $34,503. Males had a median income of $31,214 versus $21,216 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,327. About 14.2% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education is provided by the Mercer County School District. The following list consists of the schools located within the district:[12]

Economy[edit]

Sister City[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Harrodsburg, Kentucky". Accessed 30 Jul 2013.
  3. ^ a b Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 132. Retrieved 28 Apr 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Kleber, John E. (1992). The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington KY: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0. 
  5. ^ "Statutes at Large, 1st Congress, 1st Session". A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774–1875. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-11-13. 
  6. ^ Life Magazine 1942
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ How Stuff Works Map of American climate zones. Retrieved on 2010-04-03
  9. ^ Monthly Averages for Harrodsburg, Kentucky Retrieved on 2010-04-03
  10. ^ "Monthly Averages for Harrodsburg KY". The Weather Channel. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ Mercer County School District Retrieved on 2010-05-04

External links[edit]