Harrogate and Knaresborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°59′20″N 1°28′26″W / 53.989°N 1.474°W / 53.989; -1.474

Harrogate and Knaresborough
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harrogate and Knaresborough in North Yorkshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of North Yorkshire within England.
County North Yorkshire
Electorate 75,044 (December 2010)
Major settlements Harrogate and Knaresborough
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Andrew Jones (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Harrogate constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Harrogate and Knaresborough /ˈhærɵɡət ənd ˈnɛərzbrʉ/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Andrew Jones of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

An area with little unemployment, a relatively large retired population and large neighbourhoods of high house prices[n 3][1] the former Harrogate constituency was a safe Conservative seat. When former Chancellor Norman Lamont stood for the Harrogate and Knaresborough seat in The New Labour landslide general election in 1997 Harrogate moved the way of other famous spa towns in England such as Bath[n 4] by returning the Liberal Democrat MP Phil Willis until Andrew Jones regained the seat for his party on Willis's retirement in the 2010 General Election with a swing of 9.1% and a margin of 1,039 votes.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

1997-2010: The Borough of Harrogate wards of Bilton, Duchy, East Central, Granby, Harlow, Knaresborough East, Knaresborough West, New Park, Pannal, Starbeck, Wedderburn, and West Central.

2010-present: The Borough of Harrogate wards of Bilton, Boroughbridge, Claro, Granby, Harlow Moor, High Harrogate, Hookstone, Killinghall, Knaresborough East, Knaresborough King James, Knaresborough Scriven Park, Low Harrogate, New Park, Pannal, Rossett, Saltergate, Starbeck, Stray, and Woodfield.

As its name suggests, the constituency is centred on the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough, with no parts more than 10 miles (16 km) away from either.

History[edit]

Before 1950 the two eponymous towns had been part of the Ripon constituency. The constituency was created as Harrogate and following boundary changes in 1997 the name was changed to 'Harrogate and Knaresborough'.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1997 Phil Willis Liberal Democrat
2010 Andrew Jones Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Jones
Liberal Democrat Helen Flynn
UKIP David Simister
General Election 2010: Harrogate and Knaresborough[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Jones 24,305 45.7 +9.8
Liberal Democrat Claire Kelley 23,266 43.8 -8.4
Labour Kevin McNerney 3,413 6.4 -2.7
BNP Steve Gill 1,094 2.1 +1.1
UKIP John Upex 1,056 2.0 +0.3
Majority 1,039 2.0
Turnout 53,134 70.6 +3.9
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing 9.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Phil Willis 24,113 56.3 +0.7
Conservative Maggie Punyer 13,684 31.9 -2.7
Labour Lorraine Ferris 3,627 8.5 +1.1
UKIP Chris Royston 845 2.0 +0.2
BNP Colin Banner 466 1.1 N/A
Independent John Allman 123 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,429 24.3
Turnout 42,858 65.3 +0.7
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

As per the Electoral Commission[5] the candidate John Allmann was coded as an "Independent" candidate because his chosen party label - Alliance For Change Human Rights First - did not match a registered political party name.

General Election 2001: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Phil Willis 23,445 55.6 +4.0
Conservative Andrew Jones 14,600 34.6 -3.8
Labour Alastair MacDonald 3,101 7.4 -1.4
UKIP Bill Brown 761 1.8 N/A
ProLife Alliance John Cornforth 272 0.6 N/A
Majority 8,845 21.0
Turnout 42,179 64.6 -8.2
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Phil Willis 24,558 51.5 N/A
Conservative Norman Lamont 18,322 38.5 N/A
Labour Barbara Boyce 4,151 8.7 N/A
Loyal Conservative J. Blackburn 614 1.3 N/A
Majority 6,236 13.0 N/A
Turnout 47,645 73.1 N/A
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ In the 2001 census: worklessness was the status of (see Harrogate 009 Middle Layer SOA for access to the whole district): 1.0% of working age people compared to Yorkshire and the Humber: 2.6% England 2.3%
    However in the 2001 Census publication "Indices of Deprivation and Classification: Social Grade" 0.27% of the wider District population of 69,614 of working age were Class E: On state benefit, unemployed, lowest grade workers, slightly higher than 0.22% Yorkshire and the Humber average and 0.24% national average
  4. ^ And for example more urban and less touristic Cheltenham, which is in the Gloucester conurbation
References