Harrogate and Knaresborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°59′20″N 1°28′26″W / 53.989°N 1.474°W / 53.989; -1.474

Harrogate and Knaresborough
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harrogate and Knaresborough in North Yorkshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of North Yorkshire within England.
County North Yorkshire
Electorate 75,044 (December 2010)
Major settlements Harrogate and Knaresborough
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Andrew Jones (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Ripon constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Harrogate and Knaresborough /ˈhærɵɡət ənd ˈnɛərzbrʉ/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Andrew Jones of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

An area with little unemployment, a relatively large retired population and large neighbourhoods of high house prices[n 3][1] which, until former Chancellor Norman Lamont stood for the first time in the seat in The New Labour landslide general election in 1997 was part of a Conservative safe seat since 1910, Harrogate moved the way of other famous spa towns in England such as Bath[n 4] by returning the Liberal Democrat MP Phil Willis until Andrew Jones regained the seat for his party on Willis's retirement in the 2010 General Election with a swing of 9.1% and a margin of 1,039 votes.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

As its name suggests, the constituency is centred on the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough, with no parts more than 10 miles (16 km) away from either.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in York and North Yorkshire in the 2000s, the Boundary Commission recommended[n 5] alterations to the existing Harrogate and Knaresborough seat.

The constituency drawn for 2010 is formed from the following electoral wards:

  • Bilton, Boroughbridge, Claro, Granby, Harlow Moor, High Harrogate, Hookstone, Killinghall, Knaresborough East, Knaresborough King James, Knaresborough Scriven Park, Low Harrogate, New Park, Pannal, Rosett, Saltergate, Starbeck, Stray and Woodfield.

History[edit]

Before 1950 the two eponymous towns had been part of the Ripon constituency. The constituency was created as 'Harrogate' and following boundary changes in 1997 the name was changed to 'Harrogate and Knaresborough'.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1950 Christopher York Conservative
1954 by-election James Ramsden Conservative
Feb 1974 Robert Banks Conservative
1997 Phil Willis Liberal Democrat
2010 Andrew Jones Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Jones
Liberal Democrat Helen Flynn
UKIP John Upex
General Election 2010: Harrogate and Knaresborough[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Andrew Jones 24,305 45.7 +9.8
Liberal Democrat Claire Kelley 23,266 43.8 -8.4
Labour Kevin McNerney 3,413 6.4 -2.7
BNP Steve Gill 1,094 2.1 +1.1
UKIP John Upex 1,056 2.0 +0.3
Majority 1,039 2.0
Turnout 53,134 70.6 +3.9
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing 9.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Phil Willis 24,113 56.3 +0.7
Conservative Maggie Punyer 13,684 31.9 -2.7
Labour Lorraine Ferris 3,627 8.5 +1.1
UKIP Chris Royston 845 2.0 +0.2
BNP Colin Banner 466 1.1 N/A
Independent John Allman 123 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,429 24.3
Turnout 42,858 65.3 +0.7
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

As per the Electoral Commission[5] the candidate John Allmann was coded as an "Independent" candidate because his chosen party label - Alliance For Change Human Rights First - did not match a registered political party name.

General Election 2001: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Phil Willis 23,445 55.6 +4.0
Conservative Andrew Jones 14,600 34.6 -3.8
Labour Alastair MacDonald 3,101 7.4 -1.4
UKIP Bill Brown 761 1.8 N/A
ProLife Alliance John Cornforth 272 0.6 N/A
Majority 8,845 21.0
Turnout 42,179 64.6 -8.2
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Harrogate and Knaresborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Phil Willis 24,558 51.5 N/A
Conservative Norman Lamont 18,322 38.5 N/A
Labour Barbara Boyce 4,151 8.7 N/A
Loyal Conservative J. Blackburn 614 1.3 N/A
Majority 6,236 13.0 N/A
Turnout 47,645 73.1 N/A
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Banks 32,023 53.85
Liberal Democrat T.J. Hurren 19,434 32.68
Labour A.J. Wright 7,230 12.16
Green A. Warneken 780 1.31
Majority 12,589 21.17
Turnout 77.99
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Banks 31,167 55.55
Social Democrat J.R. Leach 19,265 34.34
Labour A.J. Wright 5,671
Majority 11,902 21.21
Turnout 74.05
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Banks 30,269 60.23
Social Democrat J. Burney 14,381 28.62
Labour J. Dixon 5,128 10.20
Reintroduction of Hanging and Corporal Punishment D. Kelley 316 0.63
National Front P. Vessey 163 0.32
Majority 15,888 31.61
Turnout 69.02
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Banks 30,551 59.46
Liberal R. Kent 12,021 23.40
Labour A. Fleming 8,221 16.00
National Front D. Waite 585 1.14
Majority 18,530 36.07
Turnout 74.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Banks 24,583 53.85
Liberal I.C. Bayley 11,269 24.69
Labour B.H. Seal 8,047 17.63
National Front Andrew H.W. Brons 1,030 2.26
Whig C. Margolis 719 1.58
Majority 13,314 29.17
Turnout 70.49
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Banks 27,517 53.55
Liberal I.C. Bayley 15,728 30.61
Labour M.A. Wheaton 6,084 11.84
National Front Andrew H.W. Brons 1,186 2.31
Democratic Christian J.E. Stringfellow 875 1.70
Majority 11,789 22.94
Turnout 80.05
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ramsden 26,167 59.76
Liberal W. Greaves 8,825 20.15
Labour B. Hellowell 8,797 20.09
Majority 17,342 39.60
Turnout 69.93
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ramsden 22,932 54.97
Liberal W. Greaves 9,518 22.82
Labour R.E. Holmes 9,267 22.21
Majority 13,414 32.15
Turnout 74.47
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ramsden 24,474 57.64
Liberal B. Black 9,332 21.98
Labour E. Lyons 8,655 20.38
Majority 15,142 35.66
Turnout 77.00
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ramsden 29,466 74.29
Labour F.B. Singleton 10,196 25.71
Majority 19,270 48.59
Turnout 74.49
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ramsden 26,799 72.32
Labour T. Evers 10,258 27.68
Majority 16,541 44.64
Turnout 71.86
Conservative hold Swing
By Election March 1954: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Ramsden 20,263
Labour E. Kavanagh 8,367
Majority 11,896
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher York 28,806 70.56
Labour C.W. Sewell 12,021 29.44
Majority 16,785 41.11
Turnout 78.74
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Harrogate
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher York 28,582 68.55
Labour E.J. Parris 13,114 31.45
Majority 15,468 37.10
Turnout 81.24
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ In the 2001 census: worklessness was the status of (see Harrogate 009 Middle Layer SOA for access to the whole district): 1.0% of working age people compared to Yorkshire and the Humber: 2.6% England 2.3%
    However in the 2001 Census publication "Indices of Deprivation and Classification: Social Grade" 0.27% of the wider District population of 69,614 of working age were Class E: On state benefit, unemployed, lowest grade workers, slightly higher than 0.22% Yorkshire and the Humber average and 0.24% national average
  4. ^ And for example more urban and less touristic Cheltenham, which is in the Gloucester conurbation
  5. ^ By customary convention the Recommendations are always adopted by the Government of the day
References