Harrogate railway station

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Harrogate National Rail
Harrogate
The station in 2013
Location
Place Harrogate
Local authority Harrogate
Coordinates 53°59′36″N 1°32′15″W / 53.993309°N 1.537372°W / 53.993309; -1.537372Coordinates: 53°59′36″N 1°32′15″W / 53.993309°N 1.537372°W / 53.993309; -1.537372
Grid reference SE304553
Operations
Station code HGT
Managed by Northern Rail
Number of platforms 3 but only 2 see regular use
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   1.055 million
2005/06 Increase 1.097 million
2006/07 Increase 1.142 million
2007/08 Increase 1.180 million
2008/09 Increase 1.204 million
2009/10 Increase 1.220 million
2010/11 Increase 1.294 million
2011/12 Increase 1.372 million
2012/13 Decrease 1.361 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE West Yorkshire (Metro)
Zone 6
History
Key dates Opened 1 August 1862 (1 August 1862)
Original company North Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Harrogate from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Harrogate railway station serves the town centre of Harrogate in North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Harrogate Line 18.25 miles (29 km) north of Leeds railway station. Northern Rail operate the station and provide nearly all passenger train services except a daily East Coast service to and from London Kings Cross.

History[edit]

The station was opened for traffic by the North Eastern Railway on 1 August 1862 to designs by the architect Thomas Prosser. The new station was the first building in Harrogate built of brick, had two platforms and was built as part of the NER's plans to improve services to the town. Prior to its opening (and the associated approach lines), the town's rail routes had been somewhat fragmented - the York and North Midland Railway branch line from Church Fenton via Tadcaster had a terminus in the town (see below), but the Leeds Northern Railway main line between Leeds & Thirsk bypassed it to the east to avoid the need for costly engineering work to cross the Crimple Valley and the East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway from York terminated short at Starbeck. Once all of the individual companies had become part of the NER, the company was able to put plans in motion to concentrate all lines at a new single depot.

A storm in November 1866 caused a chimney stack to fall through the roof of the station causing considerable damage.[1] In 1873, a footbridge was added.

The booking office was the subject of a robbery on 7 December 1868 when thieves drilled through the ticket window covering with a bit and brace, and stole a small amount of cash.[2]

The capacity was increased in 1883 when it was lengthened by 100 yards,[3] largely as a result of the opening of a second route to Leeds via Wetherby (the Cross Gates to Wetherby Line) in 1876.

In 1892, the well known actor, Harry Fischer, was shot at by Violet Gordon at the station.[4] She missed however, and was arrested by the police.

The station was largely demolished in 1964/65 and replaced with a more utilitarian one by Taylor Bown and Miller, Architects (Harrogate). This coincided with the loss of three of the main routes through the town thanks to the Beeching Axe - both routes via Wetherby closing to passenger traffic on 6 January 1964 and the Leeds Northern route to Northallerton via Ripon on 6 March 1967.[5] The York branch had also been included in Beeching's 1963 report, but it was reprieved in 1966 and remains open to this day.

Facilities[edit]

There is a staffed ticket office open seven days a week. Also at the station are also a newsagent, key cutters, ATMs, photo booths and a waiting room. All of the facilities are located on the main concourse on Platform 1. There are 3 platforms, but only platforms 1 and 3 are used regularly because the bay platform 2 faces in the direction of Knaresborough and York, and no train to either destination originates from Harrogate except the single early morning east coast service that departs in the opposite direction so can not use the platform in any circumstances.

Services[edit]

The Monday to Saturday daytime service is generally a half-hourly from Harrogate to Leeds (southbound) calling at all stations and to Knaresborough (eastbound) on the Harrogate Line with an hourly service onwards to York also calling at all stations en route.[6]

Services double in frequency at peak time to Leeds, resulting in 4tph (trains per hour) with 1tph running fast to Horsforth. There are 4tph in the opposite direction between 16:29 and 18:00 from Leeds with one running fast from Horsforth to Harrogate.

Evenings and Sundays there is generally an hourly service from Leeds through Harrogate towards Knaresborough and York.

East Coast operates a daily morning business service starting in Harrogate towards Leeds, stopping once at Horsforth, then onto London King's Cross. The evening service from London King's Cross to Harrogate does not call at Horsforth.

There are proposals to create another station between Harrogate and Starbeck at Bilton.

Most trains are operated by Class 150 DMUs, although Class 155 units are also fairly common, as are Class 142 & 144 'Pacer' railbuses and Class 153 single units. Occasionally Class 158 units are used at peak times. The London service is operated using a High Speed Train.

Harrogate (Brunswick) station[edit]

Plaque marking the site of Harrogate Brunswick Railway Station

Harrogate's first railway station, Brunswick, was the end of the branch line of the York and North Midland Railway and the first train arrived at Brunswick Station on 20 July 1848. This station was situated on the site where Trinity Church now stands, close to the Prince of Wales roundabout and some distance from either High or Low Harrogate.[7] When the new line of the North Eastern Railway entered Harrogate via a cutting through The Stray, Brunswick was closed and the first train into the town centre station was on 1 August 1862.

Harrogate station's platforms and tracks, seen from the pedestrian overbridge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kendal Mercury - Saturday 10 November 1866
  2. ^ Leeds Times - Saturday 12 December 1868
  3. ^ The Building news and engineering journal: Volume 44, 1883
  4. ^ Morpeth Herald - Saturday 30 July 1892
  5. ^ Body, G. (1988), PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, ISBN 1-85260-072-1 , p.136
  6. ^ GB National Rail Timetable 2013-14, Table 35
  7. ^ Bilton Historical Society, accessed 18 September 2007

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Horsforth   East Coast
East Coast Main Line
(Limited Service)
  Terminus
Leeds
Hornbeam Park   Northern Rail
Harrogate Line
  Starbeck