Harrow & Wealdstone station

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Harrow & Wealdstone London Underground London Overground National Rail
Harrow & Wealdstone main building.JPG
Wealdstone station entrance
Harrow & Wealdstone is located in Greater London
Harrow & Wealdstone
Harrow & Wealdstone
Location of Harrow & Wealdstone in Greater London
Location Wealdstone
Local authority London Borough of Harrow
Managed by London Underground[1]
Owner Network Rail
Station code HRW
DfT category C1
Number of platforms 6
Accessible Yes [2]
Fare zone 5
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 4.280 million[3]
2011 Increase 4.470 million[4]
2012 Decrease 4.450 million[4]
2013 Increase 4.660 million[4]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2007–08 Increase 1.306 million[5]
2008–09 Decrease 0.995 million[5]
2009–10 Increase 1.463 million[5]
2010–11 Increase 2.469 million[5]
2011–12 Increase 2.689 million[5]
2012–13 Decrease 2.673 million[5]
Key dates
1837 Opened (L&BR)
1890 Opened Stanmore branch (L&NwR)
1917 Started (Bakerloo line)
1952 Train crash
1964 Closed Stanmore branch (BR)
1982 Ended (Bakerloo line)
1984 Restarted as terminus (Bakerloo line)
Listed status
Listed feature East side/bridge
West side/platforms
Listing grade II
Entry number 1253982[6]
1253986[7]
Added to list 6 September 1989
13 July 1990
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°35′33″N 0°20′08″W / 51.5925°N 0.3355°W / 51.5925; -0.3355

Harrow & Wealdstone station is in Wealdstone, Greater London. It is served by London Overground, London Midland, Southern and London Underground Bakerloo line services. The station is located between The Bridge, Wealdstone, (which joins the southern end of High Street) and Sandridge Close, Harrow with entrances leading to both. The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash of 1952, killing 112 people, remains Britain's worst peacetime rail disaster.

History[edit]

The station was opened by the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) as Harrow on 20 July 1837 in what was then rural Middlesex.[8] At the time the station was built, the area was fields and the nearest large settlement was at Harrow on the Hill about 1.5 miles to the south. Wealdstone was a collection of houses at the north end of what is now Wealdstone High Street, about 1 mile north of the station. The station buildings on the south-west (Harrow) side of the station are the older part of the station, located beside what were the fast lines until the platforms were used for the later Euston to Watford DC Line and the main line tracks were re-routed through the previous slow line platforms and new platforms (nos 5 and 6) to the northeast; a new, larger, station building was also erected on this Wealdstone side of the station. The station footbridge was originally constructed with a full-height central barrier with passengers using the "London" side and railway and postal staff using the "Country" side to move goods and mails via lifts which were removed in the early 1970s leaving two parcels elevators serving the DC line platforms for the remaining postal traffic.

On 18 December 1890, a short branch line was opened by the London & North Western Railway (LNWR, successor to the L&BR) to Stanmore to the north-east of the main line. In 1930 an intermediate halt was constructed as Belmont to serve the developing residential areas locally. The train was known affectionately as the "Belmont Rattler".

By the end of the 19th century Wealdstone had developed in size and the station was given its current name on 1 May 1897 to reflect more accurately its location.[8]

On 16 April 1917, Bakerloo line services were extended from Willesden Junction to Watford Junction running on the newly electrified local tracks (the "New Lines", which were originally steam-worked) and calling at Harrow & Wealdstone from that date.[9]

On 15 September 1952, the passenger service to Stanmore, by then renamed Stanmore Village to avoid confusion with the Metropolitan Railway's (later Bakerloo, and now Jubilee line) station opened in 1934 were withdrawn. Freight traffic (particularly the storage of bananas) continued sporadically until about 1960.

Oerlikon electric train at Harrow & Wealdstone, 11 March 1956

During the early 1960s, as part of the West Coast Main Line electrification, the bridge carrying the A409 road (The Bridge/Station Approach) over the railway was rebuilt easing the previous severe road gradients and offering higher clearance over the tracks to allow for overhead catenary cabling.

On 6 July 1964, all services on the branch line to Belmont were withdrawn as part of the cuts of the Beeching Axe. The permanent way north of Harrow and Wealdstone station was removed but the disused platform 7 on the eastern side of the station was left in place as a siding for a further few years until it too was removed.

On 24 September 1982, Bakerloo line services to Harrow & Wealdstone ended when services north of Stonebridge Park were ended.[9] However the closure was short-lived, and the Bakerloo line to Harrow & Wealdstone was reinstated on 4 June 1984 with the station acting as the terminus.[9]

In the 1990s major reconstruction of local roads made to by-pass High Street, Wealdstone sent a new road (Ellen Webb Drive) through what remained of the station goods yard and part of the forecourt of the eastern entrance (1917) to the station.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 7 August 1838 Thomas Port was fatally injured when he fell from a train and was run over about 1¼ miles south of the station.
  • In 1870, a mail train was in a rear-end collision with a freight train. Eight people were killed.[10]
  • On 8 October 1952, the station witnessed Britain's deadliest train crash in peacetime when 112 people were killed and 340 were injured as a result of a Scottish express train colliding with the rear of a local train standing at platform 4. Seconds later a northbound express hauled by two locomotives collided with the wreckage causing further injury and demolished one span of the footbridge and the northern end of platforms 2 and 3. A memorial plaque was placed above the main entrance on the eastern side of the station to mark the 50th anniversary in 2002.
Disused Stanmore branch
Stanmore Village
Belmont
Harrow & Wealdstone London Overground Bakerloo Line
Watford DC & Bakerloo lines southwards
West Coast Main Line southwards

The station today[edit]

Harrow and Wealdstone station, with fast platforms in centre, DC electric platforms to the left, and slow platforms to the right.

The station has undergone several improvements in recent years, with the footbridge (which links both entrances and all platforms) improved by removal of the central barrier to allow use of the full width, new lifts for the use of disabled persons, and newly painted and brightly illuminated waiting rooms. In recent years the two-track reversing sidings (used for turning Bakerloo line trains) located between the tracks of the DC line at the northern end side of the station have been replaced by a single siding and the curve at the down end of the platform eased.

Ticket barriers have been installed to both entrances.

Fast trains generally pass through platforms 3 and 4 which are not usually used for trains calling at this station. These platforms are now closed off by fencing, but gates exist that are only operable by members of staff. Southern services between Clapham Junction and Watford Junction use the same platforms 5 and 6 as London Midland semi-fast Euston services. Wembley Central is only served by Southern and a few late night/early morning London Midland trains.

Service patterns[edit]

from 13 December 2009

Main Line services[edit]

NOTE - Most stopping trains on the main line services use platforms 5 and 6 on the Slow Lines but can be randomly diverted via platforms 3 and 4 during normal working (this will usually be observed after Up freight services have passed the station shortly before, those freight trains being passed while held at signals between Wembley and Willesden). Passengers are therefore advised to watch for such platform changes which can be made at short notice; in either case the mode of access to the relevant platform (by lift or stairs) will be essentially the same. On Sundays all services might be diverted via either the Slow Lines or the Fast Lines. The fast line platforms 3 and 4 are now closed off by fencing, but gates exist that are only operable by members of staff.

Weekdays

There is one train to and from Crewe on weekdays.

Sundays

Local services[edit]

Weekdays

Sundays

NOTE - for some time, either or both of LU and LO services have tended to have some part of their route replaced by buses on Sundays.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 140; 182; 186; 258; 340; H9; H10 and night route N18 serve the station.

Access to Station[edit]

The TfL Getting Around map shows this station as having disabled access (platform 1 does not involve the use of a lift when entering/leaving the Harrow entrance).

The Harrow entrance is possibly more convenient for access by private vehicle as the Wealdstone entrance leads to the main road and its slip road is often full of booked taxis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transport for London - Safety boost as London Underground to take control of 11 Silverlink stations - 5 December 2006.
  2. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  6. ^ "The National Heritage List for England". English Heritage. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "The National Heritage List for England". English Heritage. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Harris, Cyril M. (2006) [1977]. What's in a name?. Capital Transport. p. 33. ISBN 1-85414-241-0. 
  9. ^ a b c Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  10. ^ Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. p. 40. ISBN 0 7110 1929 0. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Terminus Bakerloo line
Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground
Watford DC Line
towards Euston
National Rail National Rail
Watford Junction   Southern
Milton Keynes - South Croydon
  Wembley Central
Bushey   London Midland
West Coast Main Line
  London Euston
Bushey   London Midland
London Euston-Watford Junction/Tring
  London Euston or Wembley Central
Historical railways
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
Disused railways
National Rail National Rail
Terminus   British Railways
Stanmore branch
  Belmont