Harry Gore Bishop
|Harry Gore Bishop|
|Born||November 22, 1874
Grand Rapids, Michigan
|Died||August 31, 1934
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1897-1934|
|Commands held||Chief of Field Artillery|
|Battles/wars||Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Honour
Harry Gore Bishop (November 22, 1874 – August 31, 1934) was a United States Army artillery general and author. He is most noted for his service as a Chief of Field Artillery branch of the Army between years 1930-1934.
In 1916, during the Mexican Revolution, Bishop served on the U.S.-Mexico border. In 1917, attempting to fly as a passenger in an airplane from San Diego, California to Calexico, California, he was forced to land in Mexico and was lost for nine days before being recovered by a search party.
On the entry of the United States into World War I, Bishop was promoted to Brigadier General. Serving in France, he commanded the 159th Field Artillery Brigade and later the 3rd Artillery Brigade. He received the Distinguished Service Medal and the French Légion d'honneur for his service.
Following the conclusion of the war, Bishop was made Chief of the Philippine Department. In 1925, he returned to the United States and commanded the 15th Field Artillery at Fort Sam Houston in Texas. Other appointments included Chief of the Hawaiian Department. While stationed in Hawaii, he commanded the 8th Field Artillery at Schofield Barracks.
On August 31, 1934, after suffering for a year from painful colitis, Bishop was notified that he was being retired for disability, with the rank of Major General. He returned to his residence on 16th Street in Washington, and shot himself in the head.
Bishop's wife was Ella Van Horn Foulois, who had earlier divorced Maj. Gen. Benjamin Delahauf Foulois, Chief of the Army Air Corps.
As a young man, Bishop wrote several short stories, some of which would now be considered science fiction. These were:
- On the Martian Way, November 1907 in The Broadway Magazine. This story is notable for being one of the earliest to feature an imagined future society in which space travel is commonplace. It was reprinted in Amazing Stories (February, 1927) and in Star Magazine (July, 1931).
- Congealing the Ice Trust, December 1907 in The New Broadway Magazine
- Mogul, January 1912 in Everybody's Magazine.
Later works were purely military in character:
- Elements of Modern Field Artillery - U.S. Service (1914, 2nd ed. 1917)
- Operation Orders, Field Artillery: A Study in the Technique of Battle Orders (1916)
- Field Artillery: The King of Battles (1935)