Harry Lyster

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Harry Lyster
Lieutenant General Harry Hammon Lyster VC, CB in about 1900.jpg
Born (1830-12-24)24 December 1830
Blackrock, Dublin, Ireland
Died 1 February 1922 (aged 91)
London, England
Buried at St James the Less Churchyard, Stubbing
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Bengal Army
British Indian Army
Battles/wars

Indian Mutiny
Second Anglo-Afghan War

Awards Victoria Cross
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches five times
Relations Hamilton Lyster Reed VC (nephew)

Lieutenant General Harry Hammon Lyster VC, CB (24 December 1830 – 1 February 1922) was an Anglo-Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Details[edit]

He was 27 years old and a lieutenant in the 72nd Bengal Native Infantry, Bengal Army, during the Indian Mutiny when the following deed took place, for which he was awarded the VC. The citation read:

War Office, 21st October, 1859.

THE Queen has been graciously pleased to signify Her intention to confer the decoration of the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers and Private Soldier of Her Majesty's Indian Military Forces, whose claims to the same have been submitted for Her Majesty's approval, on account of Acts of Bravery performed by them in India, as recorded against their several names ; viz. :

[...]

72nd Bengal Native Infantry, Lieutenant Harry Hammon Lyster

Date of Act of Bravery, 23rd May, 1858

For gallantly charging and breaking, singly, a skirmishing square of the retreating Rebel Army from Calpee, and killing two or three Sepoys, in the conflict. Major-General Sir Hugh Henry Rose, G.C.B., reports that this Act of Bravery was witnessed by himself and by Lieutenant Colonel Gall, C.B., of the 14th Light Dragoons.[1]

Other despatches from Hugh Henry Rose describes how on 31 January 1858 at Barodia, when Lyster had been acting as Rose's interpreter, Lyster was wounded when fighting a nephew of Mahomed Fazil Khan, receiving a "deep sword cut on [the] inner part of [his] right forearm." He killed Khan's nephew during the fight.[2][3]

Further information[edit]

He was a son of Anthony Lyster of Stillorgan Park, Co. Dublin, and Marcia, the sixth daughter of James Tate. He took a commission in the British East India Company's army on 20 September 1848 and was promoted major on 19 January 1864,[4] brevet lieutenant colonel on 26 March 1870,[5] and brevet colonel on 25 November 1877.[6] He was Mentioned in Despatches while in command of 3rd Goorkha Regiment at the Battle of Ahmed Khel during the Second Anglo-Afghan War,[7] and appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath on 22 February 1881.[8] He was promoted lieutenant general on 1 September 1891,[9] and retired from the army on 1 July 1892.[10] He died in London on 1 February 1922.

His VC is on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the Imperial War Museum, London.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22318. p. 3792. 21 October 1859. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22138. p. 2343. 11 May 1858. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22330. p. 4475. 29 November 1859. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22809. p. 263. 19 January 1864. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23636. pp. 3479–3480. 22 July 1870. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25026. p. 5087. 14 October 1881. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24869. p. 4200. 30 July 1880. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24944. p. 975. 1 March 1881. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26203. p. 4990. 22 September 1891. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26308. p. 4128. 19 July 1892. Retrieved 15 July 2009.

Listed in order of publication year

External links[edit]