||This article describes a work or element of fiction in a primarily in-universe style. (October 2009)|
Harry Osborn. Art by John Romita Sr.
|First appearance||as Harry Osborn:
The Amazing Spider-Man #31 (December 1965)
as Green Goblin:
The Amazing Spider-Man #136 (September 1974)
as American Son:
The Amazing Spider-Man #597 (August 2009)
|Created by||Stan Lee
|Full name||Harold Theopolis "Harry" Osborn|
|Supporting character of||Spider-Man|
|Notable aliases||Green Goblin, New Goblin, Green Goblin II, American Son|
Goblin serum grants:
Harold "Harry" Osborn is a fictional character, a supporting character of Spider-Man in the Marvel Comics Universe. In addition to being Peter Parker's best friend, he is the son of Norman Osborn and was the second Green Goblin. Harry Osborn first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #31 (December 1965), and was created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.
The character has appeared in many adaptations of Spider-Man outside of the comic books, including the 2002-2007 film trilogy portrayed by James Franco and will appear in The Amazing Spider-Man 2 portrayed by Dane DeHaan.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Other versions
- 5 In other media
- 6 References
- 7 External links
|This section requires expansion. (September 2008)|
Harry Osborn first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #31 (December 1965), and was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko. Following Harry's death in The Spectacular Spider-Man #200 (May 1993) he was not seen until his resurrection in The Amazing Spider-Man #545 (December 2007). Harry Osborn received an entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Update '89 #5.
Fictional character biography
||This section's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (November 2010)|
Harry Osborn is the son of industrialist Norman Osborn and Emily Osborn. The circumstances of Harry's birth weakened Emily and she died after several years of illness. Heartbroken, Norman becomes a cold and unloving father; he either contemptuously dismisses Harry, or lashes out at him in fury. As a result, Harry spends much of his life trying desperately to earn his father's approval.
Upon graduating from high school, he enrolls in Empire State University. Among the wealthiest students in the school, Harry soon becomes one of the most popular as well, despite his aloof manner. He has a clique of rich, popular students around him; one of these is the lovely Gwen Stacy. Gwen is intrigued by a new student: bookish, studious and painfully-shy Peter Parker. Harry takes a dislike to Parker; he resents the attention Gwen gives to Peter, and he assumes that Peter's standoffishness is snobbery. After confronting Parker, Harry realizes that Peter is merely shy, and is also worried about his ailing aunt May Parker. Despite this rocky start, Harry and Peter became friends, eventually sharing an apartment.[volume & issue needed]
Harry does not realize that Peter Parker is the superhero Spider-Man. Harry's father became the Green Goblin in an accident while attempting to create a super-serum. Spider-Man and Green Goblin had already battled on at least four occasions when Peter and Harry become friends, although unlike his other opponents Peter had failed to capture or unmask him. In a later battle, Green Goblin discovers Spider-Man's identity and captures him, revealing his own identity in the process. Horrified that his greatest enemy is also his best friend's father, Peter's loyalties are torn. When Green Goblin falls onto an electric transformer during the resulting fight, the shock removes all memory of being the Goblin from Norman's mind. Spider-Man removes Green Goblin's costume and equipment, hoping it will be the end of the Goblin menace, that Mr. Osborn will return to normal, and that no one else, especially Harry, will ever need to know the truth.[volume & issue needed]
However, Norman's Green Goblin persona resurfaces from time to time; he then battles with Spider-Man, only to become Norman again when the fight is over. These are difficult times for Harry, as his father's periodic episodes are unexplainable. He had experimented with drugs in his teens, but he escalates his usage, as well as trying ever-harder substances. This affects his mental stability and his relationships with his friends. Spider-Man uses this to his advantage during one battle with Green Goblin; he is able to stop the fight by showing Norman his son's emaciated condition, brought on by an accidental cocaine overdose. The sight shocks Norman so much that it brings him back to sanity for what is to be the last time.[volume & issue needed]
It wasn't long after, though, that stress causes Norman to become the Goblin again. Harry's life has fallen apart. His relationship with Peter's friend Mary Jane Watson has come to an end when she dumps him, fed up with his self-destructive lifestyle. A disconsolate Harry turns to drugs and suffers an amphetamine overdose. He survives, but this tragedy, compounded by imminent bankruptcy, drives the Green Goblin over the edge. He kidnaps Gwen as bait for Spider-Man, and then throws her off the George Washington Bridge (or Brooklyn Bridge). When Peter stops her fall with his webbing, she dies because her neck snaps. A vicious battle between Spider-Man and Green Goblin ensues, with Peter barely able to control himself from killing the villain. Green Goblin then directs his goblin glider to impale Spider-Man, but the wall-crawler jumps out of the way and Green Goblin is impaled through the chest and seemingly dies. Peter is wracked with guilt and sorrow, but takes comfort in the fact that Green Goblin is finally gone.[volume & issue needed]
Second Green Goblin
However, Harry secretly witnesses the battle. Wanting to protect his father's identity, he strips Norman's body of the Green Goblin costume and hides it. Blaming Spider-Man for his father's "murder", Harry swears vengeance. Having inherited his father's company, Harry manages to get the business back in shape as he plans his revenge. One day, to his shock, he finds a Spider-Man costume in Peter's apartment and realizes that his best friend is the man he blames for his father's death. Using his father's old equipment, Harry confronts Peter as the new "Green Goblin".
Not wanting to hurt Harry, Peter avoids fighting his old friend. Eventually, Harry is knocked unconscious and taken into police custody. There, he raves that he is the true Green Goblin and Peter Parker is Spider-Man, but is dismissed as a lunatic. He is put in the care of criminal psychologist Dr. Bart Hamilton extracting the Green Goblin secrets from Harry through hypnosis, and buries the knowledge deep with Harry's mind. However, this is not altruistic on Hamilton's part - he then raids one of Harry's hideouts and became the third Green Goblin in the hopes to become the underworld's new boss. However, his power is no match for his enthusiasm - he never uses the strength-enhancing formulas on himself, seemingly believing that just being Green Goblin will enable him to defeat Spider-Man. Despite an elaborate plot to kill Silvermane, the power-mad psychologist is killed by a bomb he plants for Spider-Man. Although he suffers a brief setback during the confrontation with Hamilton, Harry is released and considered cured. He sustains a concussion that makes him forget his knowledge of Spider-Man's identity and he and Peter rekindle their friendship.[volume & issue needed]
For a while, Harry's life seems back on track; his company begins turning profits once more, and he develops a romance with Liz Allan, whom he meets at the wedding of Betty Brant and Ned Leeds. Not long after the two are married, and eventually they have a son, Normie, in memory of the boy's grandfather. Harry also gives his blessing to the marriage of Peter and Mary Jane. However, Harry starts regaining his memories when he is blackmailed by the original Hobgoblin with a package which contains evidence that his father was the original Green Goblin. When Hobgoblin learns he had raided all of Norman's hideouts, he leaves Harry alone, knowing he had nothing more to offer him. Later, Harry is forced to act as Green Goblin a few times, once to defeat the second Hobgoblin. This Hobgoblin is seeking the Goblin formula that gave the Green Goblin superhuman strength; Harry is able to defeat him by doubling back during an aerial chase and emptying his entire supply of pumpkin bombs onto Hobgoblin. Harry even wonders if he could use the Green Goblin persona for a career as a superhero but Peter convinces him that Green Goblin had too much baggage for such a role. Harry buries the Green Goblin menace within his mind once more and focuses on his business and family.[volume & issue needed]
This tranquility is shattered when the aftereffects of the "Inferno" crisis sunder the barrier between Harry's conscious and subconscious minds. Once again, he remembers being Green Goblin - and his hatred of Spider-Man. Harry has now convinced himself that Peter resents the Osborns' "stable family life" due to never having been wanted by his own parents or guardians, when in fact it was the complete opposite. His sanity shattered, he declares that their next confrontation will be their final one, and only one of them will be alive at the end. To ensure that he is the victor, Harry researches his father's chemical notes, hoping to recreate the original Goblin's superhuman strength. Harry makes his own modifications to the formula, and upon ingesting it, it proves better than he had dreamed. The Green Goblin II formula has made him stronger than both Spider-Man and his father. Now a physical match for Spider-Man, Harry plans his final revenge.
Harry starts stalking Peter on his Goblin Glider, claiming that there is no law against just soaring around town in a colorful costume, and taunting Peter that someday he will destroy him, but he relishes keeping Peter in suspense in the meantime. After weeks of this, Peter finally loses his nerve and strikes at Harry only to be sent flying when Harry hits back, demonstrating his new strength. He then rockets away, taunting Spider-Man's inability to stop him.
Not long after, Harry holds a prestigious dinner at his townhouse, inviting many of his father's old business associates. However, it is actually a trap and Harry has planted explosives throughout the townhouse which he plans to detonate, thus destroying everybody who has slighted the Osborns.
Spider-Man drops in to investigate, only to be confronted by Harry as Green Goblin. The two former friends engage in a dangerous battle, which ends when Harry injects Peter with a drug that leaves him immobile but still alive. However, even as he celebrates over his victory he realizes that Mary Jane and his son Normie are also in the townhouse and that the explosives will detonate in thirty seconds. Peter convinces Harry to use his damaged glider to get the two to safety. After rescuing Normie and Mary Jane, Harry returns to his senses and realizes that he has left Peter to die. Harry rescues Peter from the explosion just in time. However, as his friends thank him, he suddenly collapses. The Goblin Formula is damaged by the explosion, and while it increased his strength, it is also lethally poisoning him. Paramedics are called, but Harry dies on the way to the hospital. With his final words, he apologizes to Peter, and confirms that despite everything, they are still, and always would be, best friends.
Some time before his death, Harry created a computer system with copies of his and Norman's minds programmed into it; after Harry's death, the computer system activates and abducts Normie Osborn with the intent of subjecting him to the Goblin Serum (the same one that that caused Harry's death) and making him the newest Green Goblin. This computer facsimile of Harry and its robotic drones (which resemble female versions of Green Goblin) were all destroyed by Spider-Man and the Molten Man who manage to save Normie from it.
However, Harry had one last trick up his sleeve. Some time before his final confrontation with Spider-Man, Harry had employed the Chameleon to construct Life Model Decoys of Peter's parents to play with his emotions. The plot ends with both constructs revealed as fakes when both "die", shattering Peter's mind. After nearly killing the Chameleon, Peter found a tape Harry had left before he died revealing his role in the plot and mocking Peter, demonstrating that Harry was as manipulative and cruel as his father when gripped by insanity. Peter goes temporarily insane from the shock, even briefly rejecting his identity until the return of his clone Ben Reilly snaps him back to reality.[volume & issue needed]
Return from the grave
It is subsequently revealed that Harry's supposed death is faked by Mysterio and his father Norman, who spirits his son away to Europe where he is held prisoner in several "rehab" clinics. Norman believes that his son had relapsed into drug addiction, and this in turn led to his brief return to wearing the Green Goblin costume.
At some point, Harry is released from rehab and reunites with his friends. However, because of the machinations of his father and the mindwipe of the world's knowledge of Peter's secret identity by Dr. Strange, Reed Richards and Tony Stark,[clarification needed] Harry no longer remembers that Peter Parker is Spider-Man. His marriage to Liz Allan also disintegrates and the two divorce. Harry engages in a string of relationships, several of which result in Harry marrying and divorcing in rapid fashion. He is in a relationship with Lily Hollister. Harry tries to help Lily's father in the latter's bid for Mayor of New York by funding her father's campaign with his dwindling finances.[volume & issue needed]
Harry is also one of the leading suspects for the secret identity of the New Goblin. In the "New Ways to Die" story arc, Menace battles Norman Osborn and is infuriated when Norman states that all he cares about is killing Spider-Man. Norman dons the Green Goblin costume and mentions that Harry has been in the Green Goblin's Lair. Norman calls Harry, who realizes from Norman's distorted voice that Norman is wearing the Goblin suit. This horrifies and disgusts Harry who vows to stop his father. Harry angrily confronts his father who wants Harry to follow his legacy and become a greater man. The confused Harry is saved by Spider-Man. Spider-Man, who wants to beat Norman senseless, stops when he sees an area for Human Testing. Harry is claimed to be the one responsible for the atrocious acts although he attempts to plead innocence. Harry later states that he wants to talk to Peter, who moments earlier was kissed by Lily, and is seen leaving with a mysterious canister labelled "Prometheus X-90".[volume & issue needed]
Prometheus X-90, it is revealed later, was developed as a successful cure for Mark Raxton's condition as Molten Man. The only human test subject was Charlie Weiderman, the short-lived second Molten Man, and the only person on whom the serum could be tested. After the cure is administered, Liz finally forgives Harry and gives him back the wedding ring, which she originally claimed she lost.
Renting out all of Liberty Island, Harry takes Lily there and, at the top of the Statue of Liberty, he gets down on one knee and proposes to her. Lily rejects his proposal because she is not sure where their relationship will lead, which surprises Harry. He later goes to her place to check up on her, and as he enters the room he is surprised to discover Lily wearing the Menace costume.[volume & issue needed]
She found a hidden door in his closet and one of his old journals. She begins giving him a hard time about whining so much about his father. Harry thinks her behavior is because she's sick. She continues to tell him she uncovered one of Norman's secret rooms described in the journal. This explains why she kissed Peter after the Thunderbolts attacked; he almost found the secret trigger to open the room. When she first entered the room she found the Goblin's equipment and some experiments. Knocking over some chemicals, she absorbed them and is now able to transform at will. She explains that she discovered Menace's attacks against her father gives him more public support. She also tells him that she accepts his marriage proposal. After their talk, Harry enters one of his father's weapons caches, takes a glider (filled with bombs and winged bombs), a pair of Goblin gloves, a sword, and a dart gun containing an unknown chemical. In the midst of a battle between Menace and Spider-Man, Harry confronts and shoots her with that chemical, which is a type of antidote that reverts her back to her human form. He saves Spider-Man from the crowd and leaves. Lily is incarcerated but later escapes, leaving Harry her ring and a note.[volume & issue needed]
Harry Osborn is approached by Norman Osborn with the offer of a job within his organization. Harry initially declines, but after a visit from Lily revealing that she is pregnant, he accepts. Norman welcomes him into Avengers Tower and wants to make Harry into the American Son. Harry is shown to have an ulterior motive, however, based on his need to protect Lily and his child. Disabling the camera in his room, Harry sneaks off. He finds a cure for Lilly's Goblin Serum that will be safe for her and the baby but she pushes him away. Lily reveals that it is all a ruse to coerce Harry into become American Son, whom Norman would eventually have die in a tragedy to increase sympathy for Norman and his Dark Avengers. She also reveals that the baby is not Harry's but in fact Norman's. In retalliation for this news, Harry dons the American Son armor and fights against his father using the Iron Patriot armor.
During the battle, Norman declares that Harry is no longer his son and that he has bred a better child to replace the failure of Harry. After further taunts from Norman, Harry lashes out and defeats his father, declaring "I was never your son!". When Harry has the option of killing Norman, Spider-Man tells him to decapitate Norman, since Norman's healing factor may repair a blow to the head. Spider-Man states that killing Norman will cause Harry to "become the son Norman always wanted.". Harry backs down, and walks away from Norman forever.[volume & issue needed]
Harry is next seen in a psychiatrist's office, claiming to be getting over the effects of a medical treatment he received. The doctor offers to prescribe him oxycodone but it is not revealed if Harry takes the prescription.
After the events of American Son, Norman cuts Harry off financially and he is forced out of his penthouse apartment. He moves into Peter's old room at Aunt May's. He also begins secretly dating Peter's cousin, Amy Reilly. After Aunt May returns and is corrupted by Mister Negative, she kicks Harry out of the house, forcing him to move in with Mary Jane.
After the fall of Norman Osborn, the American Son armor (which can only be used by one of the Osborn bloodline) is stolen by a mysterious figure and the police begin questioning Harry. Later, Harry is visited by Gabriel Stacy (Norman's other son) shooting Harry in the chest, claiming that Norman gave Harry a better life. American Son arrives, saves Harry from Gabriel and take him to a hospital. After Harry recovers from his wounds he is escorted home by police. Fearing the damage that could be done with the American Son armor and perplexed by his encounter with Gabriel, Harry decides to figure things out on his own. After enlisting the help of a talented reporter named Norah from Frontline, Harry decides to visit Norman as only he would know about Gabriel. Harry and Norah eventually visit the Raft where they find Norman in the cell consumed by madness. Harry demands to know about Gabriel and American Son but Norman is unresponsive. Frustrated, Harry and Norah begin to leave, but before they exit his cell Norman briefly returns to his senses and tells Harry that Gabriel is indeed Norman's son.
Trying to make sense of everything, Harry visits Aunt May's work where he plans to volunteer. On his way he realizes that he is being followed by the FBI. It is then revealed through FBI security footage that Gabriel is the one who stole the American Son armor and has been using it all along. Meanwhile Gabriel confronts the American Son armor and is revealed to have developed a split personality similar to Norman's after his exposure to the Goblin Serum. This split personality explains to Gabriel that it represents all that is good in his soul and will use the American Son armor to undo each of Gabriel's crimes. After an intense psychological battle, Gabriel appears to gain the upper hand and proceeds with his plan.[volume & issue needed]
Still attempting to understand Gabriel's plans, Harry determines that in order for Gabriel to truly hurt him he will attempt to abduct an innocent person and lay a trap. Harry then rushes to find Norah. Meanwhile, the police arrive at Gabriel's hideout but are unable to rescue Norah because of the American Son's interference. Harry manages to sneak in through one of his father's secret tunnels and confronts his half-brother. As the police prepare to make another attempt to save Norah, Harry frees her and gets the young reporter to safety. With Norah out of harms way Gabriel and Harry engage in an epic battle; during the fight Harry attempts to convince Gabriel that Norman is evil and that attempting to follow in his footsteps is madness. Gabriel refuses to listen and continues his attempts to kill Harry. Saddened by his brother's choice Harry hacks the American Son armor and knocks Gabriel unconscious. The battle causes the warehouse to go up in flames, trapping Gabriel and Harry inside, but Spider-Man arrives and saves them. Afterward, Norah visits Harry in his coffee shop, and notices a bottle of oxycodone in Harry's things. Troubled by what she finds Norah concludes that Harry has a drug problem and resolves to help him through it.
After many near encounters, Carlie and Peter meet at the coffee shop. Harry and MJ are there and the four are talking when Lily bursts through the wall, followed by an attacking team of supervillains. MJ asks Harry to help Lily, who's gone into labor, but they are held captive by Doctor Octopus. Spider-Man manages to save them and rescue Lily's newborn baby from the supervillains. Harry and MJ take Lily to get medicial care, but Carlie was too angry with Lily to accompany them. When Spider-Man secures the baby from Doctor Octopus he runs an analysis on a sample of the baby's DNA and finds it matches Harry. Spider-Man encourages Harry to raise his son on his own and start a new life. Soon thereafter, Harry prepares to leave New York with the baby, whom he has named Stanley. At his going-away party Harry encounters former NYPD officer Vin Gonzales reveals he has a Green Goblin tattoo. After Gonzales relays a message from Norman, Harry shocks the man with a taser and beats him.
Months later, Harry is shown in Seattle, Washington, living with his son. He is shown to have completely changed his appearance, having shaved his head and grown a beard 
Powers and abilities
For most of his life, Harry Osborn had no superhuman abilities.
But when he takes the reins of the second Green Goblin, he becomes exposed to the Goblin formula, causing Harry to become much stronger, cunning, and agile. The glider he carries has swords, along with usual Goblin technology.
He also had temporary access to the American Son armor.
In the MC2 universe, Harry's death in Spectacular Spider-Man Issue 200 remains valid and he does not return from the dead. His widow Liz continues her relationship with Franklyn Nelson and raises her and Normie (Harry's son), but she later subcumbs to a fatal illness, her death sends Normie over the edge and, like his father before him, takes up the Green Goblin mantle and vows revenge on Peter Parker. After several emotionally charged encounters with Spider-Girl, Normie eventually reclaims his sanity and the blood feud between the Parkers and the Osborns is finally brought to an end.
Ultimate Harry Osborn
The Ultimate Marvel incarnation of Harry Osborn is the rich son of Norman Osborn who meets and befriends Peter Parker at Midtown High. After Norman eventually subjects himself to the Oz Formula, the Green Goblin kills his wife and attempts to kill Harry. Harry is placed into his uncle's custody but he eventually returned to his father and is brainwashed by Miles Warren to forget the previous events. During another battle with Spider-Man, the Sinister Six and the Ultimates in front of the White House, Harry stops his father and he is taken into S.H.I.E.L.D. custody. He is later used as a bargaining piece to negotiate with Norman. Harry begins to blame everyone around him for the situation, and his second personality Shaw introduced by his father after many years of hypnotic therapy begins to take control. Harry eventually consumes the serum and becomes the Hobgoblin. Harry tries to stop himself during a battle with Spider-Man but Shaw takes over and he is wounded by S.H.I.E.L.D. soldiers. He is once again used by S.H.I.E.L.D. to attract his father, but the two end up doing battle which leaves Harry dead to which Norman is then "killed" by S.H.I.E.L.D. soldiers at his own request. Peter later honors Harry with a speech about him being a good friend and a true hero.
In Marvel Zombies: Return #1, Zombie Spider-Man is taken to an alternate reality where it's the past and Peter is still in college, Harry and Gwen are alive, etc. Harry is shown hanging out (with a mustache) with Peter, MJ and Gwen. However he is later shown being eaten by a zombiefied Sinister Six, along with his friends.
Spider-Man: Clone Saga
In the simplified re-telling of the Clone Saga, Harry secretly survived his final battle with Spider-Man and has Kaine under his employment. He appears to still be mad from the goblin serum and clones his deceased father, who apparently was indeed killed by his goblin glider in this reality. Harry soon heads out to attack Ben Reilly in the guise of the Green Goblin. His plans are thwarted when Kaine switches sides. The Norman clone, who is not insane due to not being exposed to the Goblin serum, tries to convince Harry to stop before sacrificing himself by jumping in front of the moving Goblin Glider (akin to Ben Reilly's death in the main universe). The series concludes with an irate Harry swearing vengeance.
In other media
- Harry Osborn is first mentioned in the 1981 Spider-Man cartoon as Peter Parker's friend and roommate.
- Harry Osborn appears in Spider-Man: The Animated Series, voiced by Gary Imhoff. At the start of the series, he is Flash Thompson's best friend and he and Peter Parker aren't well-acquainted with each other, something Peter points out when Harry asks him to be his college roommate so as to please his father Norman Osborn, though they eventually become best friends. That eventually was changed when Peter dated Mary Jane Watson who he was originally engaged until she turned him down. When the Green Goblin and Mary Jane soon became trapped in the Negative Zone, Harry is left depressed over losing the two people that he loves the most. Despite Peter trying to comfort, Harry slowly began to realize that Peter was Spider-Man and have nightmares that Spider-Man is trying to take away his father and that he's next. When Green Goblin then subconsciously began to appear in his son's reflections, Harry becomes the new "Green Goblin" under a promise to see his father again. After many failures to kill Spider-Man, he learns that his father's the original Green Goblin. This soon leads to Harry slowly becoming insane. After continuing his villainy, he attempts to ruin the wedding of Peter and Mary Jane, though Liz Allan is able to calm him down, allowing him to leave peacefully and seek help in the Ravencroft mental institution. An alternate reality version of the character is seen in the series finale.
- Harry Osborn appears in Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, voiced by Ian Ziering. Pictured as a blonde, this version constantly blames Spider-Man for his father's death but shows signs of beginning to put the grudge aside in later episodes.
- Harry Osborn appears in The Spectacular Spider-Man, voiced by James Arnold Taylor. This version is Peter Parker's best friend and classmate in high school. While constantly trying to appease his father Norman Osborn, Harry takes the 'Globulin Green' serum to boost his physical abilities but causes the development of a second personality which symbolizes his notion of "the man his father wanted him to be". Following several battles with the Green Goblin, Spider-Man comes to believe Harry is the one behind the mask but allows Norman to look after his son. After being on a European tour to help break his addiction to the serum, Harry returned from his trip. After Flash Thompson exposed Harry's addiction to league administrators and loses the trophy their team won as a result, Harry destroys the remaining 'Globulin Green' vials he kept hidden. Soon after, Harry attempts to have a relationship with Gwen Stacy though she expressed some anger when he overheard her talking about breaking up with him to Peter. During the series finale, Harry learned the truth of Norman being the real Green Goblin as he witnesses his fight with Spider-Man up to his father's supposed death. At his father's "funeral", Harry has Gwen stay in their relationship out of guilt and expresses intent to have revenge against Spider-Man. This storyline, however, was never resolved as copyright issues led to the show's premature cancellation.
- Harry Osborn appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man cartoon series, voiced by Matt Lanter. This version is portrayed as Peter Parker's best friend once again, Norman Osborn's disappointment of a son, a student at Midtown High School, and this series' first incarnation of "Venom". In the pilot "Great Power", Harry is badly injured by Klaw while trying to protect Mary Jane Watson from the Frightful Four. In the episode "Venom", Harry is jealous of Peter's new friends (Luke Cage, Sam Alexander, Danny Rand and Ava Ayala) so he throws a huge party that is crashed by the symbiote. After the symbiote's defeat, Harry captures a fragment. In the episode "Back in Black", Harry bonds with the symbiote. As the Black Suit Spidey, Harry attempts to one-up Spider-Man and nearly wins over everyone (even J. Jonah Jameson) in the city. But the Venom symbiote's personality takes over Harry (now resembling Eddie Brock's Venom look from the comics) and attempts to destroy Spider-Man once again. Spider-Man electrocuted and seemingly disintegrated the symbiote, freeing Harry. However, some of the symbiote managed to survive within Harry. Harry returned as Venom in the episode "Venomous" in which Harry has no memory of being Venom, and Spider-Man tried to help him without exposing his identity to his teammates. Eventually, Spider-Man's Anti-Venom cured and supposedly defeated Venom out of Harry. But the episode "Rise of the Goblin" reveals that some of the Venom symbiote existed within Harry and comes into form after the Green Goblin's provoking. But he eventually manages to shake off the Venom suit with electricity. Harry later appears in the episode "Carnage". After Green Goblin kidnaps and forcibly transforms Peter into Carnage, Harry stops Carnage by convincing the symbiote to rebond with him. Once again Venom, Harry (now resembling Mac Gargan's Venom look from the comics) attacks Green Goblin, intending to kill his father until Peter manages to convince Harry to get rid of the symbiote to which S.H.I.E.L.D. manages to capture to ensure no more harm.
- Harry Osborn appears in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man film series, played by James Franco:
- In the Spider-Man movie, Harry is Peter Parker's closest friend. He is mentioned as having flunked out of multiple private schools and wishes to have his wealth and privilege downplayed to classmates. He constantly tries to impress his father Norman Osborn and he eventually grows jealous of Peter's close relationship with him. He dates Mary Jane Watson during the film's first half, though she eventually falls for Peter and he manages to somewhat mend his relationship with his father. After his father's death as the Green Goblin, Harry believes that his father was murdered by Spider-Man and wants to seek revenge unaware that Norman accidentally killed himself in an failed attempt to kill Spider-Man.
- In Spider-Man 2, Harry takes over Oscorp and forms an alliance with Doctor Octopus to get his revenge, providing Doctor Octopus with a rare element he needs to complete his fusion reactor in exchange for Doctor Octopus' capture of Spider-Man. Afterwards, he learns that Peter is Spider-Man after unmasking the hero in preparation to kill him. Harry later hallucinates his father's image in a mirror which demands that Harry avenge him. He refuses and smashes the mirror only to find a hidden room with Green Goblin equipment and serum and realizes that his father was the infamous villain.
- In Spider-Man 3, the character becomes the "New Goblin". As New Goblin, Harry attempts to take revenge but briefly sustains amnesia after Peter knocks him unconscious during their first battle. While in this state, Harry reverted to how he was before the time of his father's death. After regaining his memory due to his father's ghost, New Goblin attempts to destroy Peter by sabotaging his relationship with Mary Jane and then claiming that she left Peter for him, only for Peter — falling increasingly under the black suit's influence — to attack New Goblin in his penthouse, throwing one of his own pumpkin bombs back at him and scarring the right side of his face. But after learning the truth of his father's death from his butler, New Goblin helps Spider-Man save Mary Jane from Venom and Sandman, and ultimately sacrifices himself to save Peter by getting himself impaled with his own glider by Venom. After Venom's death by one of New Goblin's pumpkin bombs and Sandman's peaceful leaving, Harry dies with Peter and Mary Jane at his side, apologizing to them for his troubles.
- Dane DeHaan has been cast as an antagonist as Harry Osborn/Green Goblin in The Amazing Spider-Man 2. In this version, Harry and Peter are childhood friends that were separated when Harry went to boarding school. Harry reveals Oscorp's surveillance of Peter and May Parker in the trailer and works to cure his father's critical condition. Promotional materials suggest that he will become the first iteration of the Green Goblin in the series and join forces with Electro to capture Spider-Man for Oscorp. In a video from Kellogg's The Amazing Spider-Man 2 Web-Slinging Game about Oscorp, Harry has taken over his father's company after Norman's death.
- Harry Osborn appears in the Spider-Man video game, voiced by Josh Keaton. Though he doesn't play a major part in the main plot, the game features a bonus story mode where Harry takes on the Green Goblin role and investigates a plan to take over Oscorp.
- Harry Osborn appears in the Spider-Man 2 video game, again voiced by Josh Keaton. Like in the movie, he's obsessed with killing Spider-Man for his father's murder and goes as far as asking Doctor Octopus to capture Spider-Man for him.
- Harry Osborn appears in the Spider-Man 3 video game, with James Franco reprising his role. He assumes his New Goblin identity to take out Peter Parker as a boss and later assists him in dealing with Sandman and Venom as a playable character. He is also a downloadable character on the game's Xbox 360 version. In the game's limited PlayStation 3 edition, he is unlockable and is downloadable for the normal version as well.
- New Goblin appears in Spider-Man: Friend or Foe, with Josh Keaton reprising his role from the Spider-Man and Spider-Man 2 video games. Similar to Green Goblin, Doctor Octopus and Spider-Man, New Goblin resembles his movie incarnation. Unlike his movie counterpart's cold demeanor, this version has an easy-going, friendly personality. New Goblin assists Spider-Man early in the game and is the last unlockable character when the game is completed for the first time.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 31. ISBN 978-0756692360. "This monumental issue saw the first appearances of Peter's upcoming love interest Gwen Stacy, prospective best friend, Harry Osborn, and even the future super villain known as the Jackal."
- The Amazing Spider-Man #136
- The Spectacular Spider-Man #188
- The Spectacular Spider-Man #189
- The Spectacular Spider-Man #199
- The Spectacular Spider-Man #199-200
- The Spectacular Spider-Man #200
- Spider-Man: Legacy Of Evil
- The Amazing Spider-Man #581
- The Amazing Spider-Man #582
- The Amazing Spider-Man #583
- The Amazing Spider-Man #586
- The Amazing Spider-Man #588
- The Amazing Spider-Man #595
- The Amazing Spider-Man #596
- The Amazing Spider-Man #598
- The Amazing Spider-Man #599
- The Amazing Spider-Man #604
- The Amazing Spider-Man #605
- The Amazing Spider-Man #618-619
- Amazing Spider-Man Presents: American Son #1
- Amazing Spider-Man Presents: American Son #2
- Amazing Spider-Man Presents: American Son #3
- Amazing Spider-Man Presents: American Son #4
- The Amazing Spider-Man #642
- The Amazing Spider-Man #643
- The Amazing Spider-Man #646
- The Amazing Spider-Man #647
- The Amazing Spider-Man #697
- Ultimate Spider-Man #1
- Ultimate Spider-Man #3
- Ultimate Spider-Man #22-25
- Ultimate Six #6
- Ultimate Spider-Man #74
- Ultimate Spider-Man #115
- Ultimate Spider-Man #117
- Spider-Man: Clone Saga #4-6
- Kellogg's The Amazing Spider-Man 2 Web-Slinging Game - Oscorp
- Harry Osborn at Marvel.com
- Spider-Man 3: The Spider & The Goblin: Peter Parker and Harry Osborn - A retrospective at Marvel.com
- Harry's Profile at Spiderfan.org