Harry Paye

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Henry Paye (died 1419), also known as Harry, Page or Arripaye (to the Spanish), was a privateer and smuggler from Poole, Dorset in the late 14th and early 15th century, who became a commander in the Cinque Ports fleet.

Paye led naval raids along the coast of France and Spain from Normandy through to the Bay of Biscay and Cape Finisterre. He burnt Gijon and Finisterra to the ground, taking many prisoners and exacting ransoms, and in 1398 he raided the Church of Saint Mary in Finisterra and stole a valuable crucifix.[1] He also helped quell the Welsh revolts brought about by Owain Glyndŵr, defeating a French fleet sent to aid the uprising.[2]

In 1405, a combined fleet of French and Spanish ships attacked Paye's native town of Poole in retaliation for Paye's raids. The attackers looted arms and stores and set fire to a warehouse before they were driven back to their ships by the townspeople. Although Paye was not present in Poole during the raid, his brother was among those killed by the attackers.[1][3] During an expedition in 1406, he captured 120 French prizes off the coast of Brittany laden with iron, salt and oil.

Paye died in 1419 and was buried in the parish church at Faversham, Kent,[4] where under the name of 'Henry Pay, Armiger' his death is recorded by a monumental brass which includes a coat of arms, paly, a mascle voided and flory.[5][6]

Paye is celebrated in the annual Harry Paye Charity Fun Day parade held in Poole every June,[7] while Rosemary Manning wrote a children's novel based on his life, Arripay (1963).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sydenham, John (1986). The History of the Town and County of Poole. Poole Historical Trust. pp. 90–95. ISBN 0-9504914-4-6. 
  2. ^ Robert Southey (1833). The British Admirals: With an Introductory View of the Naval History of England. Longman. p. 15. 
  3. ^ "The Story of Poole (Page 3)". Welcome to Poole. 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-23. 
  4. ^ Rosemary Manning, Arripay (1964), Introduction, p. 7
  5. ^ James Hamilton Wylie, History of England under Henry the Fourth, vol. 2 (1894), p. 302
  6. ^ Kent Archaeological Society, Archaeologia Cantiana, vol. 22 (1897), p. 203
  7. ^ "The Big Paye-back". Bournemouth Daily Echo. Retrieved 2008-08-27.