Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

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Harry Potter books
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.jpg
Author J. K. Rowling
Illustrators Jason Cockcroft (UK)
Mary GrandPré (US)
Genre Fantasy
Publishers Bloomsbury (UK) (Canada 2010-present)
Arthur A. Levine/
Scholastic (US)
Raincoast (Canada 1998-2010)
Released 21 June 2003
Book no. Five
Sales 55 million
Story timeline 2 August 1995 – 17 June 1996
Chapters 38
Pages 766 (UK)
870 (US)
Word count 257045 (US)[1]
ISBN 0-7475-5100-6
Preceded by Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
Followed by Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the fifth novel in the Harry Potter series, written by J. K. Rowling. It follows Harry Potter's struggles through his fifth year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, including the surreptitious return of the antagonist Lord Voldemort, O.W.L. exams, and an obstructive Ministry of Magic. The novel was published on 21 June 2003 by Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom, Scholastic in the United States, and Raincoast in Canada. Five million copies were sold in the first 24 hours of publication.[2] It is the longest book of the series.

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix has won several awards, including being named an American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults in 2003. The book has also been made into a film, which was released in 2007, and into a video game by Electronic Arts.

Plot[edit]

US cover of Order of the Phoenix.

During another summer with his Aunt Petunia and Uncle Vernon, Harry Potter and Dudley are attacked by dementors. After using magic to save Dudley and himself, Harry is expelled from Hogwarts but the decision is later rescinded. Harry is whisked off by a group of wizards to Number 12, Grimmauld Place, the home of his godfather, Sirius Black. The house also serves as the headquarters of the Order of the Phoenix. Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger explain that the Order of the Phoenix is a secret organization led by Hogwarts headmaster Albus Dumbledore, dedicated to fighting the evil Lord Voldemort and his followers, the Death Eaters.

At Hogwarts, Harry learns that Dolores Umbridge, an employee to the Minister of Magic, Cornelius Fudge, would be the new Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher. Umbridge and Harry clash, as she, like Fudge, refuses to believe that Voldemort has returned. She punishes Harry for his rebellious outbursts by having him write "I must not tell lies" with a blood quill that carves the phrase into his skin each time he writes it. She also refuses to teach her students how to perform defensive spells, prompting Harry, Ron and Hermione to form their own Defense Against the Dark Arts group, called Dumbledore's Army. Many students sign up, including Neville Longbottom, Fred and George Weasley and Luna Lovegood. The club meets in the Room of Requirement to learn and practice Defense spells at Harry's direction.

One night in Harry's dream, Voldemort's snake, Nagini attacks Arthur Weasley, Ron's father. Harry informs Professor McGonagall and Dumbledore, and Mr. Weasley, who has actually been attacked, is rescued. Dumbledore demands that Harry take Occlumency lessons with Professor Snape to protect his mind against further invasions by Voldemort. Harry and the D.A. are caught by Umbridge; Dumbledore takes responsibility and evades capture by vanishing. His disappearance allows Umbridge to take over as Headmistress. During an Occlumency lesson, Harry invades memory of Snape's, and sees his father, James Potter, and Sirius bullying Snape back in their school days. Enraged, Snape refuses to continue teaching him Occlumency. Harry has a vision of Sirius being tortured by Voldemort. Umbridge captures Harry and his friends after Harry tries contacting Sirius without her knowledge. She announces she will use the Cruciatus Curse on Harry, also revealing that she ordered the dementor attack on him. Hermione intervenes and lies to Umbridge that they are hiding a weapon in the Forbidden Forest.

There, Umbridge provokes the centaurs by insulting them and is taken captive by them. Harry and his friends use thestrals to fly to the Ministry. Once there, Harry realizes his vision was falsely planted by Voldemort and finds a glass ball bearing his name: a prophecy. Death Eaters led by Lucius Malfoy attack; employing all of their defense skills, Harry and his friends fight them along with the Order. Amidst the battle, Bellatrix Lestrange kills Sirius and Harry faces Voldemort, who possesses him in an attempt to get Dumbledore to kill Harry. Dumbledore does not do so and Voldemort escapes just as Fudge appears, finally faced with actual evidence that Voldemort has returned.

Dumbledore explains to Harry that the prophecy states that neither Harry nor Voldemort can live while the other survives. He tells Harry that he must stay with the Dursleys during summers because as Harry's mother died to save him, he is protected by her love, and that protection extends by blood. Aunt Petunia, Lily's sister, seals the protection by taking Harry into her home. As long as he is there, Harry is safe.

Publication and release[edit]

Potter fans waited three years between the releases of the fourth and fifth books.[3][4] Before the release of the fifth book, 200 million copies of the first four books had already been sold and translated into 55 languages in 200 countries.[5] As the series was already a global phenomenon, the book forged new pre-order records, with thousands of people queuing outside book stores on 20 June 2003 to secure their copy at midnight.[5] Despite the security, thousands of copies were stolen from an Earlestown, Merseyside warehouse on 15 June 2003.[6]

Critical response[edit]

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was met with mostly positive reviews, and received several awards. The book was cited as an American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults and as an American Library Association Notable Book, both in 2004.[7][8] It also received the Oppenheim Toy Portfolio 2004 Gold Medal along with several other awards.[9]

The novel was also well received by critics. Rowling was praised for her imagination by USA Today writer Deirdre Donahue.[10] Most of the negative reviewers were concerned with the violence contained in the novel and with morality issues occurring throughout the book.[11]

The New York Times writer John Leonard praised the novel, saying "The Order of the Phoenix starts slow, gathers speed and then skateboards, with somersaults, to its furious conclusion....As Harry gets older, Rowling gets better."[12] However, he also criticises "the one-note Draco Malfoy" and the predictable Lord Voldemort.[12] Another review by Julie Smithouser, of the Christian-right group Focus on the Family, said the book was, "Likely to be considered the weakest book in the series, Phoenix does feel less oppressive than the two most previous novels."[11] Smithouser's main criticism was that the book was not moral. Harry lies to authority to escape punishment, and that, at times, the violence is too "gruesome and graphic."[11]

Predecessors and sequels[edit]

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the fifth book in the Harry Potter series.[3] The first book in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was first published by Bloomsbury in 1997 with an initial print-run of 500 copies in hardback, three hundred of which were distributed to libraries. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is also the longest book from the series, yet the second shortest film at 2 hours and 18 minutes.[13] By the end of 1997 , the UK edition won a National Book Award and a gold medal in the 9 to 11 year-olds category of the Nestlé Smarties Book Prize.[14][15][16] Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was published a year later in the UK on 8 July 1999 and in the US on 8 September 1999.[15][16] Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire was published on 8 July 2000  simultaneously by Bloomsbury and Scholastic.[17]

After the publishing of Order of the Phoenix, the sixth book of the series, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, was published on 16 July 2005, and sold 9 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide release.[2][18] The seventh and final novel, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published 21 July 2007.[19] The book sold 11 million copies within 24 hours of its release: 2.7 million copies in the UK and 8.3 million in the US.[18]

Adaptations[edit]

Film[edit]

In 2007, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was released in a film version directed by David Yates and written by Michael Goldenberg. The film was produced by David Heyman's company, Heyday Films, alongside David Barron. The budget was reportedly between £75 and 100 million (US$150–200 million),[20][21] and it became the unadjusted eleventh-highest grossing film of all time, and a critical and commercial success.[22] The film opened to a worldwide 5-day opening of $333 million, third all-time, and grossed $938.4 million in total, second to Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End for the greatest total of 2007.[23][24]

Video games[edit]

A video game adaptation of the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was made for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PSP, Nintendo DS, Wii, Game Boy Advance and Mac OS X.[25] It was released on 25 June 2007 in the U.S., 28 June 2007 in Australia and 29 June 2007 in the UK and Europe for PlayStation 3, PSP, PlayStation 2, Windows and 3 July 2007 for most other platforms.[26] The games were published by Electronic Arts.[27]

The book is also depicted in the 2011 video game Lego Harry Potter: Years 5–7.

Translations[edit]

The first official foreign translation of the book appeared in Vietnamese on 21 July 2003, when the first of twenty-two instalments was released. The first official European translation appeared in Serbia and Montenegro in Serbian, by the official publisher Narodna Knjiga, in early September 2003. Other translations appeared later (e.g. in November 2003 in Dutch and German). The English-language version has topped the best-seller list in France, while in Germany and the Netherlands an unofficial distributed translation process has been started on the Internet.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scholastic Catalog - Product Information". Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "July date for Harry Potter book". BBC. 21 December 2004. Retrieved 27 September 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Ross, Shmuel; Mark Zurlo (2000–2009). "Harry Potter Timeline: 2000 to the Present". Pearson Education, publishing as Infoplease. Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "Harry Potter Books". MuggleNet.com. 1999–2009. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Potter-mania sweeps bookstores". CNN. 30 June 2003. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  6. ^ "Thousands of Potter books stolen". BBC. 17 June 2003. Retrieved 29 May 2009. 
  7. ^ "Best Books for Young Adults Annotated List 2004". American Library Association. 2004. Archived from the original on 14 April 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
  8. ^ "2004 Notable Children's Books". American Library Association. 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ Levine, Arthur (2001–2005). "Awards". Arthur A. Levine Books. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
  10. ^ Donahue, Deirdre (25 June 2003). "Rich characters, magical prose elevate 'Phoenix'". USA Today. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c Smithouser, Julie (2009). "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix". Focus on the Family. Archived from the original on 8 May 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  12. ^ a b Leonard, John (13 July 2003). "Nobody Expects the Inquisition". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 
  13. ^ Elisco, Lester (2000–2009). "The Phenomenon of Harry Potter". TomFolio.com. Retrieved 22 January 2009. 
  14. ^ Knapp, N.F. (2003). "In Defense of Harry Potter: An Apologia". School Libraries Worldwide (International Association of School Librarianship) 9 (1): 78–91. Retrieved 14 May 2009. 
  15. ^ a b "A Potter timeline for muggles". Toronto Star. 14 July 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2008. 
  16. ^ a b "Harry Potter: Meet J.K. Rowling". Scholastic Inc. Archived from the original on 22 March 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2008. 
  17. ^ "Speed-reading after lights out". London: Guardian News and Media Limited. 19 July 2000. Retrieved 27 September 2008. 
  18. ^ a b "Harry Potter finale sales hit 11 m". BBC News. 23 July 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2008. 
  19. ^ "Rowling unveils last Potter date". BBC. 1 February 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2008. 
  20. ^ Cornwell, Tim (24 January 2007). "Oscars signal boom (except for Scots)". The Scotsman (UK). Retrieved 24 January 2007. 
  21. ^ Haun, Harry (20 June 2007). "Harry the Fifth". Film Journal International. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2007. 
  22. ^ "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 5 February 2009. 
  23. ^ "Worldwide Openings". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 6 March 2008. 
  24. ^ "2007 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. 6 March 2008. 
  25. ^ "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix: The Videogame". Electronic Arts Inc. 2007. Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  26. ^ "Harry Potter: Phoenix". CBS Interactive Inc. 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2009. 
  27. ^ "Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince: The Video Game". Electronic Arts Inc. 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2009. 
  28. ^ "Harry auf Deutsch: Projekt-Übersicht der Harry Potter Übersetzung (en)". Retrieved 10 July 2011. 

External links[edit]