Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
|Harry Potter books
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
|Author||J. K. Rowling|
|Illustrators||Jason Cockcroft (UK)
Mary GrandPré (US)
|Publishers||Bloomsbury (UK) (Canada 2010-present)
Arthur A. Levine/
Raincoast (Canada 1998-2010)
|Released||21 June 2003|
|Story timeline||2 August 1995 – 17 June 1996|
|Word count||257,045 (US)|
|Preceded by||Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire|
|Followed by||Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince|
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the fifth novel in the Harry Potter series, written by J. K. Rowling. It follows Harry Potter's struggles through his fifth year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, including the surreptitious return of the antagonist Lord Voldemort, O.W.L. exams, and an obstructive Ministry of Magic. The novel was published on 21 June 2003 by Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom, Scholastic in the United States, and Raincoast in Canada. Five million copies were sold in the first 24 hours of publication. It is the longest book of the series.
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix has won several awards, including being named an American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults in 2003. The book has also been made into a film, which was released in 2007, and into a video game by Electronic Arts.
During another summer with his Aunt Petunia and Uncle Vernon, Harry Potter and Dudley are attacked by dementors. After using magic to save Dudley and himself, Harry is expelled from Hogwarts but the decision is later rescinded. Harry is whisked off by a group of wizards to Number 12, Grimmauld Place, the home of his godfather, Sirius Black. The house also serves as the headquarters of the Order of the Phoenix. Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger explain that the Order of the Phoenix is a secret organisation led by Hogwarts headmaster Albus Dumbledore, dedicated to fighting the evil Lord Voldemort and his followers, the Death Eaters.
At Hogwarts, Harry learns that Dolores Umbridge, a senior employee under the Minister of Magic, Cornelius Fudge, will be the new Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher. Umbridge and Harry clash, as she, like Fudge, refuses to believe that Voldemort has returned. She punishes Harry for his rebellious outbursts by having him write "I must not tell lies" with a blood quill that carves the phrase into his skin each time he writes it. She also refuses to teach her students how to perform defensive spells, prompting Harry, Ron and Hermione to form their own Defence Against the Dark Arts group, which they call Dumbledore's Army. Many students sign up, including Neville Longbottom, Fred and George Weasley and Luna Lovegood. The club meets in the Room of Requirement to learn and practice Defence spells at Harry's direction.
Meanwhile, Rubeus Hagrid is absent for the first part of the school year, having not yet returned from the secret mission given him by Dumbledore at the end of the previous book. When he does return, Harry, Ron and Hermione get him to admit that his mission had to do with going in search of giants, and that he was not successful in persuading them to join the Order's cause. Umbridge, who has by the time of Hagrid's return been given the power to sack teachers whose performance she does not approve, begins to sit in on Hagrid's Care of Magical Creatures lessons, and it is clear that she intends to get rid of him. Eventually, suspecting that he will soon be asked to leave, Hagrid confesses to Harry, Ron and Hermione that he has brought his giant half-brother, Grawp, back with him from the giants, and has hidden him in the Forbidden Forest, with the intention of teaching him good manners and eventually introducing him to human society. Hagrid asks the three of them to look after Grawp if he himself must leave the school.
One night, Harry dreams that Voldemort's snake Nagini attacks Arthur Weasley, Ron's father. Harry informs Professor McGonagall and Dumbledore, and Mr. Weasley, who has actually been attacked, is rescued. Dumbledore demands that Harry take Occlumency lessons with Professor Snape to protect his mind against further invasions by Voldemort. Harry and the D.A. are caught by Umbridge; Dumbledore takes responsibility and evades capture by vanishing. His disappearance allows Umbridge to take over as Headmistress. During an Occlumency lesson, Harry performs a defensive spell and accidentally invades Snape's memories of his time as a student at Hogwarts. Harry sees his father, James Potter, and Sirius bullying Snape. Enraged, Snape refuses to continue the lessons.
Hagrid is officially terminated and for reasons which are not made clear, Umbridge leads a party of five Aurors to attack him in his hut one night. Hagrid flees the school with his dog. Fred and George cause chaos for Umbridge in revenge and leave Hogwarts.
Harry later has a vision of Sirius being tortured by Voldemort. Umbridge catches Harry and his friends trying to illegally contact Sirius. She announces she will use the illegal Cruciatus Curse on Harry, also revealing that she ordered the dementor attack on him. Hermione intervenes and in order to create a distraction, convinces Umbridge that they are hiding a weapon of Dumbledore's in the Forbidden Forest. Harry and Hermione lead an eager Umbridge into an area of the forest inhabited by centaurs. There, Umbridge insults the centaurs, provoking them into taking her captive. Grawp arrives and clashes with the centaurs, who flee.
Luna, Ron, Ginny, and Neville join Harry and Hermione in the forest and all six of them call thestrals to fly them to the Ministry, expecting to find and rescue Sirius. Once there, Harry realises his vision was falsely planted by Voldemort. However, he finds a glass sphere bearing his name, containing a prophecy. Death Eaters led by Lucius Malfoy attack in order to capture the sphere; it becomes clear that it was for this reason that Harry was lured here. Employing all of their defence skills, Harry and his friends, soon joined by members the Order, fight them. Amidst the battle, Bellatrix Lestrange kills Sirius and Harry faces Voldemort, who unsuccessfully tries to possess Harry in an attempt to get Dumbledore to kill Harry. Dumbledore does not do so and Voldemort escapes just as Fudge appears, finally faced with actual evidence that Voldemort has returned. As a result, Umbridge is removed from Hogwarts.
Dumbledore explains to Harry that the prophecy states that neither Harry nor Voldemort can live unless the other dies. He tells Harry that he must stay with the Dursleys during summers because as Harry's mother died to save him, he is protected by her love, and that protection extends by blood. Aunt Petunia, Lily's sister, seals the protection by taking Harry into her home. As long as he is there, he is safe. Harry comes to terms with the responsibility of the prophecy but mourns the loss of his godfather.
Publication and release
Potter fans waited three years between the releases of the fourth and fifth books. Before the release of the fifth book, 200 million copies of the first four books had already been sold and translated into 55 languages in 200 countries. As the series was already a global phenomenon, the book forged new pre-order records, with thousands of people queuing outside book stores on 20 June 2003 to secure their copy at midnight. Despite the security, thousands of copies were stolen from an Earlestown, Merseyside warehouse on 15 June 2003.
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was met with mostly positive reviews, and received several awards. The book was cited as an American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults and as an American Library Association Notable Book, both in 2004. It also received the Oppenheim Toy Portfolio 2004 Gold Medal along with several other awards.
The novel was also well received by critics. Rowling was praised for her imagination by USA Today writer Deirdre Donahue. Most of the negative reviewers were concerned with the violence contained in the novel and with morality issues occurring throughout the book.
The New York Times writer John Leonard praised the novel, saying "The Order of the Phoenix starts slow, gathers speed and then skateboards, with somersaults, to its furious conclusion....As Harry gets older, Rowling gets better." However, he also criticises "the one-note Draco Malfoy" and the predictable Lord Voldemort. Another review by Julie Smithouser, of the Christian-right group Focus on the Family, said the book was, "Likely to be considered the weakest book in the series, Phoenix does feel less oppressive than the two most previous novels." Smithouser's main criticism was that the book was not moral. Harry lies to authority to escape punishment, and that, at times, the violence is too "gruesome and graphic."
Predecessors and sequels
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is the fifth book in the Harry Potter series. The first book in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone was first published by Bloomsbury in 1997 with an initial print-run of 500 copies in hardback, three hundred of which were distributed to libraries. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is also the longest book from the series, yet the second shortest film at 2 hours and 18 minutes. By the end of 1997 , the UK edition won a National Book Award and a gold medal in the 9 to 11 year-olds category of the Nestlé Smarties Book Prize. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban was published a year later in the UK on 8 July 1999 and in the US on 8 September 1999. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire was published on 8 July 2000 simultaneously by Bloomsbury and Scholastic.
After the publishing of Order of the Phoenix, the sixth book of the series, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, was published on 16 July 2005, and sold 9 million copies in the first 24 hours of its worldwide release. The seventh and final novel, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was published 21 July 2007. The book sold 11 million copies within 24 hours of its release: 2.7 million copies in the UK and 8.3 million in the US.
In 2007, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was released in a film version directed by David Yates and written by Michael Goldenberg. The film was produced by David Heyman's company, Heyday Films, alongside David Barron. The budget was reportedly between £75 and 100 million (US$150–200 million), and it became the unadjusted eleventh-highest grossing film of all time, and a critical and commercial success. The film opened to a worldwide 5-day opening of $333 million, third all-time, and grossed $938.4 million in total, second to Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End for the greatest total of 2007.
A video game adaptation of the book and film versions of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix was made for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PSP, Nintendo DS, Wii, Game Boy Advance and Mac OS X. It was released on 25 June 2007 in the U.S., 28 June 2007 in Australia and 29 June 2007 in the UK and Europe for PlayStation 3, PSP, PlayStation 2, Windows and 3 July 2007 for most other platforms. The games were published by Electronic Arts.
The book is also depicted in the 2011 video game Lego Harry Potter: Years 5–7.
The first official foreign translation of the book appeared in Vietnamese on 21 July 2003, when the first of twenty-two instalments was released. The first official European translation appeared in Serbia and Montenegro in Serbian, by the official publisher Narodna Knjiga, in early September 2003. Other translations appeared later (e.g. in November 2003 in Dutch and German). The English-language version has topped the best-seller list in France, while in Germany and the Netherlands an unofficial distributed translation process has been started on the Internet.
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