Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland
The Duke of Cleveland
|The Duke of Cleveland.|
|Born||19 April 1803|
|Died||21 August 1891
Cleveland House, 16 St James's Square, Westminster, London
|Spouse(s)||Lady Catherine Stanhope (1819–1901)|
|Alma mater||Oriel College, Oxford|
Harry George Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland KG (19 April 1803 – 21 August 1891), styled The Honourable Harry Vane until 1827 and Lord Harry Vane from 1827 to 1864, was an English Whig landowner, diplomat and statesman. During the crisis which led to the collapse of Lord Russell's government in 1866 over the question of parliamentary reform, he was considered a possible compromise Prime Minister in a Whig-Conservative anti-reform coalition government, but such plans came to nothing.
Background and education
Vane was the third son of William Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland, by Lady Catherine Margaret Powlett, daughter of Admiral Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton. Henry Vane, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, and William Vane, 3rd Duke of Cleveland, were his elder brothers. He was educated at Oriel College, Oxford.
Vane entered the foreign service and held posts in Paris and Stockholm before entering the House of Commons in 1841 as a member for South Durham. He would represent Durham until 1859, when he switched to Hastings, which he represented until his accession to the dukedom on the death of his brother on 6 September 1864. Later the same year, on 18 November, he adopted by Royal Licence the surname of Powlett in lieu of that of Vane, in accordance with the will of his maternal grandmother (wife and Duchess to the 6th Duke of Bolton). He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1865. During the crisis which led to the collapse of Lord Russell's government in 1866 over the question of parliamentary reform, he was considered a possible compromise Prime Minister in a Whig-Conservative anti-reform coalition government, but such plans came to nothing.
Cleveland married the Honourable Lady Catherine Primrose, daughter of Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl Stanhope, widow of Lord Dalmeny and mother of the future Prime Minister the 5th Earl of Rosebery, in 1854. It was thought that Harry had no issue, but in fact have a love child, with Mary Ann Raby. A daughter called Charlotte (Lottie) that took the surname Raby so her parentage was not discovered. Her dates were 1841-1919. Harry died in at Cleveland House, 16 St James's Square, Westminster, London, in August 1891, aged 88. On the Duke's death in 1891 the line of succession to his peerages became unclear. The case was decided in 1891 when the Committee of Privileges of the House of Lords held Henry de Vere Vane to be the Baron Barnard and inheritor of the estates of Raby Castle and Barnard Castle, having been bought in 1626 by the Vane family, although the Committee declared the title of Duke of Cleveland extinct. The Duchess of Cleveland died in May 1901, aged 81.
|Ancestors of Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland|
- thepeerage.com Harry George Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- The London Gazette: . 25 November 1864.
- The London Gazette: . 14 April 1865.
- Blake, Robert (1966). Disraeli, New York: St Martin's Press. ISBN 0-19-832903-2., page 439.
- The Official Gazette of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Durham 1908 to 1919. Durham Freemasons. 1919. p. 172.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Cleveland
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for South Durham
1841 – 1859
With: John Bowes 1841–1847
James Farrer 1847–1857
Henry Pease 1857–1859
Patrick Francis Robertson
|Member of Parliament for Hastings
1859 – 1864
With: Frederick North
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Duke of Cleveland
|Peerage of England|