Harry Reid

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Harry Reid
Harry Reid official portrait 2009.jpg
United States Senator
from Nevada
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 1987
Serving with Dean Heller
Preceded by Paul Laxalt
Senate Majority Leader
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2007
Deputy Dick Durbin
Preceded by Bill Frist
Senate Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
Deputy Dick Durbin
Preceded by Tom Daschle
Succeeded by Mitch McConnell
Senate Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Dick Durbin
In office
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Don Nickles
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Wendell Ford
Succeeded by Don Nickles
Senate Majority Whip
In office
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Mitch McConnell
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Don Nickles
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by James David Santini (At-large)
Succeeded by James Bilbray
25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
In office
January 1971 – January 1975
Governor Mike O'Callaghan
Preceded by Edward Fike
Succeeded by Robert Rose
Member of the Nevada Assembly
In office
1969–1971
Personal details
Born Harry Mason Reid
(1939-12-02) December 2, 1939 (age 74)
Searchlight, Nevada, U.S.
Nationality United States
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Landra Gould (m. 1959–present)
Children Lana
Rory
Leif
Josh
Key
Residence Searchlight, Nevada, U.S.
Alma mater Southern Utah University
Utah State University
George Washington University
Profession Attorney
Religion The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)
Signature
Website reid.senate.gov

Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party serving since 1987. He has been the Senate Majority Leader since January 2007, having previously served as Minority Leader and Minority and Majority Whip.

Previously, Reid was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Nevada's 1st congressional district, and served in Nevada local and state government as city attorney of Henderson, a state legislator, the 25th Lieutenant Governor, and chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission.

As Senate Majority Leader and a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Reid has achieved a more senior elected position in the United States government than any other Mormon in history. Also, if he completes a full term as Senate Majority Leader of the 113th United States Congress, he will be one of only three Senators to serve at least eight years as Majority Leader along with Alben W. Barkley and Mike Mansfield. Reid's current term ends in January 2017 and is seeking re-election in 2016.

Early life, education, and early career

Reid was born in Searchlight, Nevada, the third of four sons of Inez Orena (née Jaynes), a laundress, and Harry Vincent Reid, a miner who committed suicide with a gunshot to the head in 1972 at the age of 58 when Harry was 32 years old.[1][2] His paternal grandmother was an English immigrant from Darlaston, Staffordshire. Reid's boyhood home was a shack with no indoor toilet, hot water or telephone.[1][3] Searchlight had no high school, so Reid boarded with relatives 40 miles away in Henderson, Nevada, to attend Basic High School[1] where he played football, and was an amateur boxer.[4] While at Basic High he met future Nevada governor Mike O'Callaghan, who was a teacher there and served as Reid's boxing coach. Reid attended Southern Utah University and graduated from Utah State University where he double majored in political science and history.[5] He minored in economics from the Jon M. Huntsman School of Business.[6] He then went to George Washington University Law School earning a J.D. while working for the United States Capitol Police.

Early political career

State politics

He returned to Nevada after law school and served as Henderson city attorney before being elected to the Nevada Assembly in 1968. In 1970, at age 30, Reid was chosen by O'Callaghan as his running mate for Lieutenant Governor of Nevada. Reid and his mentor O'Callaghan won the race and Reid served as lieutenant governor from 1971 until 1974, when he ran for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Alan Bible. He lost by fewer than 600 votes to former Governor Paul Laxalt. In 1975, Reid ran for mayor of Las Vegas and lost to Bill Briare.[7]

Reid served as chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission from 1977 to 1981. When Jack Gordon, La Toya Jackson's future agent and husband, offered Reid a $12,000 bribe to approve new games for casinos, Reid brought in the FBI to tape Gordon's bribery attempt and arrest him. After FBI agents interrupted the transaction, as prearranged, Reid lost his temper and began choking Gordon, saying "You son of a bitch, you tried to bribe me!" Gordon was convicted in 1979 and sentenced to six months in prison. In 1981, Reid's wife found a bomb attached to the family station wagon; Reid suspected it was placed by Gordon.[1]

U.S. Representative

Prior to the 1980 Census, Nevada had only a single at-large member in the United States House of Representatives, but population growth in the 1970s resulted in the state picking up a second district. Reid won the Democratic nomination for the 1st district, based in Las Vegas, in 1982, and easily won the general election. He served two terms in the House, from 1983 to 1987.

U.S. Senate

Elections

In 1986, Reid won the Democratic nomination for the seat of retiring two-term incumbent Republican Senator Paul Laxalt. He defeated former at-large Congressman Jim Santini, a Democrat who had turned Republican, in the November election. He coasted to reelection in 1992. However, he barely defeated 1st District Congressman John Ensign in 1998 in the midst of a statewide Republican sweep. In 2004, Reid won reelection with 61 percent of the vote, gaining the endorsement of several Republicans.[citation needed]

Ensign was elected to Nevada's other Senate seat in 2000. He and Reid have a very good relationship, despite their bruising contest in 1998. The two frequently worked together on Nevada issues until Ensign was forced to resign his Senate seat.[8]

While Reid won the Democratic nomination with 75% of the vote in the June 8 primary, he faced a competitive general election for the 2010 Senate race in Nevada. Reid engaged in a $1 million media campaign to "reintroduce himself" to Nevada's voters.[9] He defeated Republican challenger Sharron Angle in the general election.

Leadership

From 1999 to 2005, Reid served as Senate Democratic Whip, as minority whip from 1999 to 2001 and again from 2003 to 2005, then as majority whip from 2001 to 2003 (except for a brief period from January–May 2001). From 2001 to 2003, he served as chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee. Reid succeeded Tom Daschle as minority leader in 2005 and became majority leader after the 2006 elections. He was re-elected majority leader without opposition by the Democratic caucus on November 18, 2008, winning all 57 votes.[citation needed]

Committee assignments

Political positions

President Barack Obama shakes hands with Reid after signing the Omnibus Public Lands Management Act of 2009 on March 30, 2009.
Reid speaking at the State Children's Health Insurance Program Art Exhibit press conference

Reid has scored a lifetime conservative rating of 19% from the American Conservative Union (ACU),[10] and a 2008 liberal rating of 70% from the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA).[11] Other independent ratings include a 29% rating in 2003 from NARAL, the abortion pro-choice group,[12] an 85% rating from Planned Parenthood in 2013,[13] and a "B" rating from the National Rifle Association.[14]

Reid has spearheaded several initiatives while in Congress. In 2006, Reid co-sponsored the "Prevention First Amendment" with Hillary Clinton, which would fund abortion prevention efforts, such as giving women broader access to contraception; however the bill faced Republican opposition and failed.[15] In January 2007, Reid brought a Senate ethics reform bill to a vote to bar congressional members from accepting gifts, meals, and trips from lobbyists and organizations employing them, as well as barring Senators from borrowing corporate jets for travel and compelling them to disclose the names of sponsors, or authors, of bills and specific projects. The bill passed 96–2.[16] In the 111th Congress, Reid shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) through the Senate.

Regarding specific issues, Reid believes that Roe vs. Wade should be overturned and in 1999, he voted against an amendment that explicitly expressed support for Roe v. Wade.[17] He has stated that he believes in a restricted right to abortion, stating that "abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered."[18] He has voted several times to ban the "intact dilation and evacuation" or "partial-birth abortion" procedure.[19] Reid has supported embryonic stem cell research.[20]

Regarding same-sex marriage, Reid had stated before[when?] that he believed "...marriage should be between a man and a woman", later abandoning that principle in favor of same sex marriage in 2012. He voted in favor of the Defense of Marriage Act but against the Federal Marriage Amendment.[21]

In regard to local issues, Reid has firmly opposed the proposed Yucca Mountain federal nuclear waste repository in Nevada.[22] Reid has opposed the legalization of online poker in the past, but has more recently changed his position, a move that some have argued was influenced by "the hundreds of thousands of dollars Las Vegas casinos contributed to his re-election campaign".[23]

Reid called immigration reform one of his top priorities for the 110th Congress. He supports the DREAM Act the (Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act), which would allow certain U.S. high school grads who had arrived in the U.S. illegally as children, conditional legal status so they could attend college or enlist in the military. They could then obtain permanent legal residency after completing two years of military service or two years of college.[24] In June 2009, Reid announced his intention to enact a new guest worker program as part of a comprehensive immigration reform bill.[25]

Reid has supported the use of force in the Middle East but in September 2007 he called for a drastic change in strategy.[citation needed] In January 1991 he voted to authorize the first Gulf War.[26] quoting John F. Kennedy's 1963 State of the Union speech on the Senate floor, saying "the mere absence of war is not Peace."[27][28] He also voted in support of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.[29][30] In March 2007 he voted in favor of "redeploying U.S. troops out of Iraq by March 2008",[30] and later that year, he said, As long as we follow [President Bush's] path in Iraq, the war is lost."[31]

Reid is a strong advocate for Armenian Genocide recognition.[32]

Reid has advocated the outlawing of prostitution in Nevada[33] On May 15, 2013, Reid revealed to reporters that his niece is a lesbian as he spoke about his hope that the Employment Non-Discrimination Act would be signed into law.[34]

Criticism

Liberal critics have argued that Reid was not doing enough to end the American military presence in Iraq,[35] and that he allowed Senate Republicans to create a 60-vote bar for passage of bills without a Democratic filibuster.[36][37][38] Conservatives have criticized Reid for his extensive use of the procedural tactic known as "Filling the tree" to prevent amendments on important bills.[39]

Reid has also been criticized for several potentially self-enriching tactics. In 2005, Reid earmarked a spending bill to provide for building a bridge between Nevada and Arizona that would make land he owned more valuable. Reid called funding for construction of a bridge over the Colorado River, among other projects, "incredibly good news for Nevada" in a news release after passage of the 2006 transportation bill. He owned 160 acres (65 ha) of land several miles from the proposed bridge site in Arizona. The bridge could add value to his real estate investment.[40] A year later it was reported that Reid had used campaign donations to pay for $3,300 in Christmas gifts to the staff at the condominium where he resides;[41] federal election law prohibits candidates from using political donations for personal use. Reid's staff stated that his campaign attorneys had approved this use of the funds, but that Reid would personally reimburse his campaign for the expenses. Citizens United filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission to investigate the matter.[42]

A series of investigative reports in the Los Angeles Times[43][44][45][46] suggested that Reid had introduced legislation and imposed pressure on regulatory agencies to advance the business interests of his close friend Harvey Whittemore, a Nevada attorney-lobbyist who contributed heavily to Reid's campaigns and leadership fund and who employed Reid's son Leif as his personal attorney. With Reid's help, Whittemore was able to proceed with construction of a $30 billion planned golf course development, Coyote Springs, a project heavily criticized by environmental groups for reasons including its projected effects on several endangered species.[47][48]

In 2006, the National Republican Senatorial Committee attempted to associate Reid with the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal by pointing out he had "received more than $50,000 from four tribes with gaming interests between 2001 and 2004 after they hired Abramoff". Reid denied any wrongdoing, and media reported that the Center for Responsive Politics, a non-partisan research group, had produced an analysis showing a general increase in the amount and number of contributions by Indian tribes since the late 1990s.[49][50]

Reid apologized on January 9, 2010, for racially tinged comments he had made when Obama was campaigning for president. In private conversations, Reid had remarked that Obama could win the Presidency because the country was ready to embrace a black presidential candidate, especially one such as Obama—to whom he referred as being "light-skinned" and "with no Negro dialect, unless he wanted to have one". These comments had been recently revealed by journalists Mark Halperin and John Heilemann in Game Change, their book about the 2008 election. In addition to his public apology, Reid called Obama to apologize; Obama accepted his apology, stating that as far as he was concerned, the book was closed on the incident.[51][52][53] RNC Chairman Michael Steele and Senators John Cornyn and Jon Kyl called on Reid to resign his leadership position in the Senate, citing Majority Leader Trent Lott resigning because of a statement relating to race. However, multiple experts said there was virtually no chance of that. DNC Chairman Tim Kaine and Senators Dianne Feinstein and Jack Reed expressed support for Reid and confidence he would retain his leadership position, and another senior Democrat indicated Reid has "produced supportive statements from key African American leaders in the Congress and civil rights community".[54]

In August 2010, Reid spoke in front of National Council of La Raza: "I don't know how anyone of Hispanic heritage could be a Republican, OK. Do I need to say more?"[55] The following day, Dr. Manny Alvarez and Republican Senator Marco Rubio, both of Hispanic descent, spoke out against Reid's remarks.[56]

Mitt Romney

During the summer of 2012, Reid said during an interview with The Huffington Post that he had received information from an unidentified investor in Bain Capital that presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney did not pay any taxes for 10 years.[57] The accusation was repeated on the Senate floor by Reid on August 2, 2012.[58] On the following Sunday's political morning talk shows, several Republicans disagreed with Reid.[59] According to CBS News, Romney stated, "Let me also say, categorically, I have paid taxes every year -- and a lot of taxes. So Harry is simply wrong." PolitiFact.com's Truth-O-Meter rated the accusation as "Pants on Fire!"[60] CBS reported that Romney had submitted 23 years of tax returns to the John McCain campaign in 2008, when he was being vetted for the vice presidential nomination. Although McCain did not review all the tax returns himself, he stated "Nothing in these tax returns showed that he did not pay taxes."[61]

Cultural and political image

Reid speaks during the third night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

Part of Reid's confrontation with Frank Rosenthal while chair of the Nevada Gaming Commission is reenacted in the 1995 movie Casino.[62][63] Reid had a role in the movie Traffic (2000), in which he played himself.[64] He appeared, with Senators Sam Brownback and Barack Obama, in the 2007 documentary film Sand and Sorrow, which details the genocide in Sudan.[65]

Reid was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame in 2001.[66] In 2013, adviser Jim Margolis said of Reid, "He is unique in this city. And you see it in so many different ways. Is he the best TV talking head? No. He'd be the first to tell you that. Should he smile more? Yes. Should he say goodbye on the phone when he's done talking to you? Probably. But those are things you'd assume are part and parcel of a polished figure in Washington. That is not Harry Reid."[3]

Koch brothers

Reid has excoriated the Koch brothers, who contribute to Republican, conservative and/or libertarian political causes and candidates. On one occasion, Reid used the term "un American" to describe the brothers, prompting comparisons to McCarthyism. Conservatives, such as MSNBC talk show host Joe Scarborough, who compared Reid's comments to "McCarthyism",[67] and National Review editor Rich Lowry,[68] among others, condemned Reid's comments.

It's too bad that they are trying to buy America. And it's time that the American people spoke out against this terrible dishonesty of these two brothers, who are about as un-American as anyone that I can imagine.[69][70]

In 2012, Reid cited fellow U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders who claimed the Koch brothers were "funding think tanks spreading an enormous amount of disinformation about Social Security".[69][71] Two years later, in 2014, Reid accused the brothers of having Republicans stall aid to Ukraine by pushing for amendments like a delay of regulation by the IRS of non-profit political advocacy groups to be included in the aid package.[72] Reid "credited his wife, Landra, for likening the Republicans' Ukrainian stance to a 'Koch addiction'".[73]

Personal life

Harry Reid (far left) and LDS leaders (center and far right) presenting family history to President Obama.

In 1959, Reid married his high school girlfriend, Landra Gould. They have five children: a daughter and four sons. Their eldest son, Rory, was an elected Commissioner for Clark County, Nevada, of which he became Chairman, and 2010 Democratic nominee in the election for Governor of Nevada. Another son ran for municipal office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah.[74] According to Opensecrets.org, as of 2010, Reid is worth between $3.3 million to $10.3 million.[75][76]

Reid (who was raised agnostic) and his wife (who was born to Jewish immigrant parents and grew up in Henderson) converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints while he was a college student.[1] In a 2001 interview he said, "I think it is much easier to be a good member of the Church and a Democrat than a good member of the Church and a Republican." He went on to say that the Democrats' emphasis on helping others, as opposed to what he considers Republican dogma to the contrary, is the reason he's a Democrat.[77] He delivered a speech at Brigham Young University to about 4,000 students on October 9, 2007, in which he expressed his opinion that Democratic values mirror Mormon values.[78][79] Several Republican Mormons in Utah have contested his faith because of his politics, such as his statements that the church's backing of California's Proposition 8 wasted resources.[80]

In September 2011, Reid's wife was diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancer.[81] Reid is the co-chair of the Board of Selectors of Jefferson Awards for Public Service.[82]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Walsh, Elsa (August 8, 2005). "Minority Retort: How a pro-gun, anti-abortion Nevadan leads the Senate's Democrats". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 17, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Sen. Reid releases statement on his father's suicide 37 years ago". 
  3. ^ a b Peters, Jeremy W. (October 2, 2013). "In Showdown With G.O.P., a Scrappy Reid Plays Hardball". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ Smith, Christopher (June 9, 2001). Senate's New Majority Whip: Senator Harry Reid of Nevada. Salt Lake Tribune.
  5. ^ "Alumni in Politics: From Old Main Hill to Capitol Hill". Utah State University. Retrieved April 28, 2012. 
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  7. ^ "Dustbusters, sex appeal and Sen. Frankie Sue". Retrieved July 14, 2009. 
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  9. ^ The Nevada plan: Reintroduce Reid – Manu Raju. Politico.Com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
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  11. ^ "ADA's 2008 Congressional Voting Record". Americans for Democratic Action. Retrieved February 7, 2009. 
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  13. ^ "2013 Congressional Scorecard|Harry Reid (Democrat)" Planned Parenthood Access Fund; retrieved August 11, 2013.
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  15. ^ "Reid, Clinton Detail Prevention First Amendment". Democratic Party. March 17, 2005. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2008. 
  16. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D. (January 19, 2007). "Senate Passes Vast Ethics Overhaul". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Meet the Press: Transcript for December 5". MSNBC. December 5, 2004. Retrieved March 17, 2008. 
  18. ^ "Senator Harry M. Reid Issue Positions". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved March 17, 2008. 
  19. ^ Curry, Tom (April 19, 2007). "Supreme Court ruling raises '08 stakes". MSNBC. Retrieved March 17, 2008. 
  20. ^ Reid, Harry M. "George Bush Vetos Stem Cell Research". "Give 'em Hell Harry". Retrieved February 9, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Harry Reid on Abortion". On the Issues. Retrieved April 4, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Yucca Mountain". Reid.senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  23. ^ Beam, Christopher (December 10, 2010) "Don't Hate the Player—or the Game", Slate.com
  24. ^ "Immigration". Reid Senate site. Retrieved February 14, 2009. 
  25. ^ Jeffrey, Terence P. (June 22, 2009). "Senate Democratic Leader Wants New Guest Worker Program Despite Recession and High Unemployment Rate". Cybercast News Service. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Slim Senate Majority Is Expected But House Backing Appears Solid". The New York Times. January 12, 1991.
  27. ^ John F. Kennedy (January 14, 1963). "State of the Union Address". Infoplease. 
  28. ^ Dewar, Helen; Kenworthy, Tom (January 12, 1991). "U.N. Chief, Europeans Discuss Peace Plan;Bush Gains Support in Senate". The Washington Post.  The quote in question can be seen via a Google News archive search.
  29. ^ "Bush gains more support for Iraq war resolution". USA Today. October 9, 2002. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
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  31. ^ "Government Access Website". Frwebgate.access.gpo.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Reid Statement In Recognition Of The 95th Commemoration Of The Armenian Genocide". Official Website for Senator Harry Reid. April 23, 2010. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  33. ^ Ball, Molly (February 23, 2011) Harry Reid's prostitution lecture bombs, Politico
  34. ^ Weiner, Rachel. "Harry Reid reveals niece is a lesbian". Washington Post. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
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  44. ^ Neubauer, Chuck; Cooper, Richard T. (August 20, 2006). "Desert Connections". Los Angeles Times. 
  45. ^ Neubauer, Chuck; Cooper, Richard T. (June 23, 2003). "In Nevada, the Name to Know is Reid". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  46. ^ Neubauer, Chuck (June 25, 2004). "Senator's Bill Would Help Friend's Development Plan". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Harry's deal". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. September 25, 2007. 
  48. ^ Waldman, Peter (January 14, 2008). "When Harry Met Vegas". Portfolio (Condé Nast Digital/Bizjournals). Retrieved December 13, 2010. 
  49. ^ Batt, Tony (February 3, 2006). "Tribes gave to Reid after hiring Abramoff". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  50. ^ Grove, Benjamin (December 20, 2005). "Politicians caught in the rush to return donations". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  51. ^ Cillizza, Chris (January 9, 2010). "Majority Leader Reid apologizes to Obama for 2008 remarks". The Washington Post.
  52. ^ Jackson, David (January 10, 2010). "Harry Reid taking heat for Obama remarks". USA Today.
  53. ^ Schwandt, Kimberly (January 9, 2010). "Reid apologizes for "no Negro dialect" comment about Barack Obama from 2008 election". Fox News.
  54. ^ "Cornyn, Steele Call on Reid to Resign as Senate Leader After Obama 'Negro' Comment". Fox News. January 11, 2010. 
  55. ^ D'Aprile, Shane. "Reid: I don't know how any Hispanic voter could be a Republican". The Hill. 
  56. ^ MCCORMACK, JOHN (Aug 11, 2010). "Rubio: Reid's Comment on Hispanics "Outrageous", "Ridiculous"". Weekly Standard. 
  57. ^ Sam Stein; Ryan Grim (July 31, 2012). "Harry Reid: Bain Investor Told Me That Mitt Romney 'Didn't Pay Any Taxes For 10 Years'" (blog). The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  58. ^ "Harry Reid takes Romney tax-accusation campaign to Senate floor" (blog). Los Angeles Times. August 2, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  59. ^ Emmarie Huetteman (August 5, 2012). "Republicans Step Up Attacks Against Reid" (blog). The New York Times. Retrieved August 6, 2012. 
  60. ^ "Harry Reid says anonymous source told him Mitt Romney didn't pay taxes for 10 years". Politifact.com. The Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 7, 2012. "Reid has made an extreme claim with nothing solid to back it up. Pants on Fire!" 
  61. ^ McCain: Reid is wrong about Romney's tax returns, CBS News, August 14, 2012, accessed August 17, 2012.
  62. ^ Stutz, Howard (July 2, 2007). Las Vegas Review-Journal. 
  63. ^ Suellentrop, Chris (December 22, 2004). "Harry Reid Is Not Boring". Slate. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  64. ^ Traffic (2000) – Full cast and crew
  65. ^ Sand and Sorrow (2007); IMDb.com; accessed March 14, 2014.
  66. ^ "The Gaming Hall of Fame". University of Nevada Las Vegas. Retrieved August 30, 2009. 
  67. ^ [1], talkingpointsmemo.com; accessed April 9, 2014.
  68. ^ "The Un-American Anti-Koch Campaign", March 12, 2014; accessed April 9, 2014.
  69. ^ a b "Harry Reid's brain on Koch", reviewjournal.com, March 13, 2014; accessed March 14, 2014.
  70. ^ Comments by Reid regarding the Koch brothers in their entirety, reid.senate.gov; March 4, 2014; accessed March 14, 2014.
  71. ^ The Nation (April 23, 2012) "Sen. Bernie Sanders: 'The Koch Brothers are funding think tanks spreading an enormous amount of disinformation about Social Security'"
  72. ^ "Reid blames Koch brothers for stalling Ukraine aid", washingtontimes.com; accessed March 14, 2014.
  73. ^ "Reid's contempt for Koch brothers is the real thing", lasvegassun.com, April 6, 2014; accessed April 8, 2014.
  74. ^ "About Harry Reid". U.S. Senate. Retrieved March 17, 2008. 
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  77. ^ Snow, Tyson (February 24, 2001). "Sen. Reid explains Mormonism and liberal agenda". BYU Newsnet (Brigham Young University). Retrieved March 17, 2008. 
  78. ^ Walch, Tad (October 10, 2007). "Reid gets warm reception at BYU". Deseret News. Retrieved March 30, 2010. 
  79. ^ McFarland, Sheena (October 9, 2007). "Reid tells BYU crowd that socially responsible Dems mirror Mormon values". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. 
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  81. ^ Ralston, Jon (September 30, 2011). "Harry Reid's wife diagnosed with Stage 2 breast cancer". Las Vegas Sun. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. 
  82. ^ "Jefferson Awards.org – community volunteer – service award". Retrieved 15 March 2014. 

External links

Civic offices
Preceded by
Chairman of the Gaming Commission of Nevada
1977–1981
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Fike
Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
January 1971 – January 1975
Succeeded by
Robert Rose
Preceded by
Wendell H. Ford
D-Kentucky
United States Senate Minority Whip
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001
Succeeded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
Preceded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
United States Senate Majority Whip
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Succeeded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
Preceded by
Robert C. Smith
R-New Hampshire
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Succeeded by
Robert C. Smith
R-New Hampshire
Preceded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
United States Senate Minority Whip
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Succeeded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
Preceded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
United States Senate Majority Whip
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Succeeded by
Mitch McConnell
R-Kentucky
Preceded by
Pat Roberts
R-Kansas
Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Ethics
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Succeeded by
George Voinovich
R-Ohio
Preceded by
Don Nickles
R-Oklahoma
United States Senate Minority Whip
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005
Succeeded by
Dick Durbin
D-Illinois
Preceded by
Tom Daschle
D-South Dakota
United States Senate Minority Leader
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
Succeeded by
Mitch McConnell
R-Kentucky
Preceded by
Bill Frist
R-Tennessee
United States Senate Majority Leader
January 3, 2007 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James David Santini
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st congressional district

January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1987
Succeeded by
James Bilbray
United States Senate
Preceded by
Paul Laxalt
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Nevada
January 3, 1987–
Served alongside: Chic Hecht, Richard Bryan, John Ensign, Dean Heller
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Alan Bible
Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator from Nevada
(Class 3)

1974
Succeeded by
Mary Gojack
Preceded by
Mary Gojack
Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator from Nevada
(Class 3)

1986, 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010
Succeeded by
Most recent
Preceded by
Wendell H. Ford
Kentucky
Senate Democratic Whip
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2005
Succeeded by
Dick Durbin
Illinois
Preceded by
Tom Daschle
South Dakota
Senate Democratic Leader
January 3, 2005 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
John McCain
R-Arizona
United States Senators by seniority
12th
Succeeded by
Dianne Feinstein
D-California