Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Narvik Airport, Framnes.
Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes
Harstad/Narvik lufthavn, Evenes
Avinor logo purple.svg
Gate 30 at Harstad-Narvik airport.jpg
IATA: EVEICAO: ENEV
Summary
Airport type Joint (public and military)
Operator Avinor
Serves Harstad and Narvik, Norway
Location Evenes, Nordland, Norway
Elevation AMSL 26 m / 85 ft
Coordinates 68°29′20″N 016°40′42″E / 68.48889°N 16.67833°E / 68.48889; 16.67833Coordinates: 68°29′20″N 016°40′42″E / 68.48889°N 16.67833°E / 68.48889; 16.67833
Website Official website
Map
EVE is located in Nordland
EVE
EVE
Location in Nordland county
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17–35 2,808 9,213 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 654,977
Aircraft movements 9,878
Cargo (tonnes) 619
Source: AIP [1] and Statistics[2] from Avinor

Harstad/Narvik Airport, Evenes (Norwegian: Harstad/Narvik lufthavn, Evenes; IATA: EVEICAO: ENEV) is an international airport located in Evenes, Norway, serving the towns of Harstad and Narvik. It is co-located with Evenes Air Station of the Royal Norwegian Air Force. The civilian sector is owned and operated by the state-owned Avinor and handled 654,977 passengers in 2013. Evenes has a 2,808-meter (9,213 ft) runway, a parallel taxiway and a terminal with five gates. The airlines with daily scheduled services are Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) and Widerøe. Destinations with daily services are Oslo, Bodø, Tromsø and Andenes. Evenes is the only primary airport in Central Hålogaland and experienced a leakage from Lofoten and Vesterålen.[clarification needed]

Seaplane services to Harstad and Narvik started in 1935. Planning of an airport started in 1950s. Several locations were considered, including building separate airports for each town. Consensus for Evenes was reached in the mid-1960s, but construction was postponed to prioritize local airports, which resulted in Narvik also receiving Narvik Airport, Framnes. Evenes opened on 30 June 1973, initially with a 1,600-meter (5,200 ft) runway. It was extended in 1977, after the military decided to establish the air station. SAS Commuter served Harstad/Narvik from 1990 to 2002, and from 1994 competition was introduced on the Oslo route with the entry of Braathens SAFE. Norwegian started services in 2003 and launched international scheduled services from 2013.

History[edit]

Seaplanes[edit]

The first scheduled airline service to Harstad and Narvik was carried out by Norwegian Air Lines (DNL) in 1935. Using a Junkers W 34, they flew a coastal route between Bergen and Tromsø, with stops in Narvik and Harstad. The route continued until 1939 when it was terminated because of the outbreak of World War II. The route resumed in 1946, when it was flown with a Junkers Ju 52.[3] DNL also operated a direct service between Harstad and Narvik. Harstad's water aerodrome was located at Klubbeskjæret in the town center. For a while there were discussion of moving it to Harstadbotn, but this was not carried out. Seaplane routes were only conducted during the summer.[4] Widerøe started flying to Narvik in 1951, at first flying via Svolvær to Bodø. DNL's successor Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) terminated its seaplane routes the following year, leaving them to Widerøe, who operated the Noorduyn Norseman and de Havilland Canada Otter.[3] Patronage at Harstad was 1,143 passengers in 1946, 2,725 the following year and 8,037 in 1959. The latter year saw 6,139 passengers at Narvik.[4]

The Harstad–Narvik area had been proposed as a potential location of Bardufoss Air Station when it had been planned during the late 1930s. However, Bardufoss has been selected because of its favorable strategic location. About 1950 discussions started regarding construction of an airport between Bodø and Tromsø.[5] A survey conducted in 1951 looked into the possibilities of building an airport for Harstad at Skånland, Rødmyra, Tennvassåsen and Kjøtta.[4] In Narvik work started on planning an airport in Evenes, which was approved by Narvik Municipal Council in February 1951. However, it also considered several closer locations, such as Herjangfjellet, Elvgårdsmoen, Håkvikvleira and Vidrek.[5] The civilian sector at Bardufoss Airport opened in 1956. It served all of Tromsø as well as Ofoten. Travel time to Bardufoss was three hours from Narvik and six hours from Harstad.[3]

Establishment[edit]

Two engineering students at the Norwegian Institute of Technology concluded in 1957 that a new airport in Harstad would cost 3 million Norwegian krone (NOK).[6] This was followed up with a meeting between representatives from Harstad and Narvik. Harstad and the surrounding municipalities proposed in 1960 an airport at Evenskjer in Evenes, on condition that the Tjeldsund Bridge be built, allowing the island of Hinnøya to be connected to the mainland. For Narvik a similar consideration was the necessary construction of the Rombak Bridge.[7] The municipalities of Harstad, Ibestad, Kvæfjord and Skånland created the Southern Troms Intermunicipal Airport Committee in 1963. It concluded that the airport for the Harstad area and Vesterålen should be built at Kvæfjordeidet, while Narvik would be best served with a motorway to Bardufoss. Narvik Municipality conducted surveys at Herjangsfjellet in 1962 and 1963.[8]

A government committee which had received a mandate to consider future airports, concluded with a report on 16 December 1964. It recommended that nine more primary airports be built and that Evenes and Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget receive top priority. The committee noted SAS' introduction of the Sud Aviation Caravelle and wanted to build a network of airport capable of handling jetliners.[3] It argued for Evenes as a good location that despite it being slightly closer to Harstad, Narvik would be closer to Bardufoss and have an advantage of it as a reserve airport. At a common meeting for eleven southern Troms and Ofoten municipalities on 11 May 1965, these unanimously supported Evenes. They establish a committee, which issued a report to the government in June 1966, which concluded that it would be possible to have an airport completed by 1968.[9]

The airlines Braathens SAFE and Widerøe both launched an alternative proposal whereby the government instead should build a network of short take-off and landing airports.[3] When Håkon Kyllingmark was appointed Minister of Transport and Communications in 1965, he placed the primary airport construction plan on hold and instead focused on construction of regional airports.[9] This caused local interest for airports at Kvæfjordeidet and Vidrek to resume, after initiative from Widerøe. Several commercial interest organizations in Narvik supported an airport at Vidrek, while their Harstad counterparts supported an airport at Evenes. Narvik Municipal Council continued to support Evenes until it was instead proposed as a regional airport. It voted in February 1968 to continue to support Evenes as a primary airport, but also work for a local airport in Narvik.[10]

Map showing the location of Evenes, Harstad and Narvik

The Tjelsund Bridge was opened on 22 October 1967.[11] The construction of an airport for Harstad and Narvik was discussed in Parliament in June 1970. First a large majority voted down a proposal to build regional airport for each town, followed by a unanimous decision to build a primary airport at Evenes. Construction started in the fall of 1971 and the airport opened 30 June 1973, with a 1,600-meter (5,200 ft) runway.[10] SAS was granted the right to fly to Oslo, while Braathens SAFE was allowed to fly a route via Kristiansund, Molde and Ålesund to Bergen and Stavanger, as well as to Bodø and Tromsø.[12] Narvik Airport, Framnes opened on 1 October 1975,[3] and Widerøe started operating from Narvik to Evenes.[13] Norving started a route from Harstad/Narvik to Luleå, Sweden and Rovaniemi, Finland, in 1984, using the Dornier Do 228. This required the establishment of a border control at Evenes, which Norving had to pay for.[14]

The air force started looking at Evenes as a potential air station after the airport opened. Military funding was allocated, allowing the runway to be extended to 2,760 meters (9,060 ft) plus overrun and a taxiway, as well as parking for fighter aircraft, heavy transport aircraft and maintenance facilities.[15] The extended runway was completed in 1977.[16] Construction of the initial auxiliary facilities started in 1978 and was concluded in 1985. Evenes Air Station became operative in January 1986. Construction continued with barracks, which were completed in 1991, aircraft shelters, administrative offices and storage facilities, which were concluded in 1995.[15] No military aircraft have been permanently stationed at Evenes.[17]

Operational history[edit]

Nordtrafikk started an airport coach service from Sortland in 1990. Estimates showed that it captured 4,300 annual passengers which otherwise would have used Stokmarknes Airport, Skagen.[18] SAS reorganized its operations in Northern Norway from 1990 and Harstad/Narvik became one of four airports to receive direct services to Oslo. Previously these sometimes made intermediate stops at Trondheim. Services to Bodø, Tromsø and Trondheim were transferred to the newly established SAS Commuter.[19] The airline market in Norway was deregulated on 1 April 1994. The same day Braathens SAFE started two daily services from Evenes to Oslo.[20] However, the airline terminated its direct service to Bergen, instead making passengers transfer at Trondheim Airport, Værnes.[21] At the same time Widerøe's route Andenes–Harstad/Narvik–Narvik–Bodø terminated its stops at Harstad/Narvik.[22] Kato Air was established in 1995 with Evenes as its base, initially offering general aviation services.[23] Weekly flights with fresh fish to Japan started in the mid-1990s.[24]

Kato Air started flights from Harstad/Narvik to Bodø and Tromsø on 1 January 1999, but the route failed to attract sufficient patronage and was terminated before the end of the year.[25] After the 2001 purchase of Braathens by SAS Group, the latter terminated its flights to Harstad/Narvik from 2 April 2002.[26] Flights to Oslo were taken over by Braathens, while SAS Commuter's flights to Tromsø, Bodø and Trondheim were taken over by Widerøe.[27] Norwegian Air Shuttle started flights to Harstad/Narvik from Oslo on 5 May 2003.[28] SAS and Braathens merged in 2004, creating SAS Braathens.[29] The Lofoten Fixed Link opened on 1 December 2007, abolishing the need for a ferry between the airport and Lofoten.[30] The driving distance to Svolvær—typically regarded as the starting point for the Lofoten archipelago—was reduced to 160 kilometers (99 mi) and two and a half hours. Subsequently the airport started marketing itself internationally as Lofoten International Airport.[31] The initiative was welcomed by the tourist industry in Lofoten and Vesterålen, as Evenes is the only primary airport serving the area. Local politicians in Lofoten opposed the name, stating that it threatened the regional Leknes Airport and Svolvær Airport, Helle.[32]

Kato Air terminated operations in 2008, following the grounding of its aircraft after the Civil Aviation Authority of Norway closed its maintenance division.[33] Parliament decided in June 2012 to order the new Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II fighters, with delivery scheduled to start in 2016. The aircraft will be stationed at Ørland Main Air Station with a forward base (QRA) to be established at Evenes Air Station.[34] Widerøe started a service to Tromsø from 1 April 2012, after it was included in the public service obligation system.[35] Evenes saw a large increase of charter services from late 2012, primarily targeted at bringing English and German tourists to Lofoten from London and Munich. Norwegian introduced scheduled services to Gran Canaria and Alicante in Spain from 2013, as well as to Trondheim.[36] Privatefly placed Evenes ninth in a world-wide contest of the most spectacular approach in 2012.[37]

Facilities[edit]

The terminal has a capacity for 1,200 passengers per hour and has five gates. Evenes is rated as an airport of entry and some of the gates can be used for international flights. The control tower is located in the former terminal building. There are hangars for smaller airlines.[38] The terminal has a duty-free store[39] and two automated teller machines.[40]

The asphalt runway measures 2,808 by 45 meters (9,213 ft × 148 ft) and is aligned 17–35, roughly north–south. There is a parallel taxiway. Runway 17 has precision approach. Both runways have instrument landing system Category I. The airport is located at an elevation of 26 meters (85 ft) above mean sea level.[1] There are minor operative limitations because of the surrounding terrain. The apron has parking for seven category Boeing 737 and similar sized aircraft, and one larger wide-body aircraft. In addition there is space for general aviation aircraft and helicopters. The airport is certified to handle aircraft up to the size of the Boeing 747 and the C-5 Galaxy.[38] Along with Lakselv Airport, Banak, Evenes is selected by international airlines as an emergency airport for intercontinental flights which pass over Northern Norway. In an emergency the airport is permitted to handle an Airbus A380 and an Antonov An-124.[41]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Regular domestic scheduled services are provided by Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) and Widerøe. Norwegian and SAS offer five and three daily services using Boeing 737 aircraft to Oslo. Norwegian also operates less frequent services to Trondheim, Bergen and Sandefjord. Widerøe operates a daily service to Andenes and two daily services to Bodø and Tromsø,[42] the latter a public service obligation contract with the Ministry of Transport and Communications.[35] Norwegian and Condor provide international services to Spain and Germany, while several airlines operate charter services to the Mediterranean.[42]

The airport served 654,977 passengers and 9,878 aircraft movements and handled 619 tonnes of cargo in 2013.[2] Evenes is the only primary airport located in Central Hålogaland and the only to offer direct flights to Oslo. There are seven regional airports in the region, but these are limited to other destinations in Northern Norway and require change of aircraft at Bodø Airport to reach Oslo. There is a significant leakage to Evenes from Lofoten and Vesterålen to Harstad/Narvik for flights to Oslo. These are estimated at forty-five percent for Vesterålen and twenty percent for Lofoten.[43]

Airlines Destinations
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas
Croatia Airlines Seasonal charter: Dubrovnik, Split (begins 21 June 2015)
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen, Trondheim
Seasonal: Bergen, Gran Canaria
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Charter: Gran Canaria
Scandinavian Airlines Oslo-Gardermoen
Seasonal charter: Chania
Widerøe Andenes, Bodø, Tromsø

Ground transport[edit]

Map of airport located between Bodø and Tromsø. The blue markers show possible locations of a new airport for Lofoten, which currently is not deicided and does not exist.

Evenes is located 45 kilometers (28 mi) by road (40 minutes) from Harstad, 79 kilometers (49 mi) (1:15 hours) from Narvik,[44] 121 kilometers (75 mi) (1:40 hours) from Sortland, 149 kilometers (93 mi) (2:05 hours) from Stokmarknes,[43] 160 kilometers (99 mi) from Svolvær[30] and 230 kilometers (140 mi) to Leknes.[43] There are direct airport coaches to Harstad, Narvik and Sortland; other parts of Vesterålen and Lofoten are served with scheduled buses operated by Boreal Transport. The airport has 1,000 paid parking spaces; car rental and taxis are also available.[44]

Future[edit]

The air force has started upgrading Evenes Air Station to be used first for the F-16 Fighting Falcon from 2016 and the F-35 from 2019. The air station will have a capacity for stationing a QRA of 15 fighter aircraft, as well as handling exercises with allied aircraft. The air station is estimated to produce 1,600 aircraft movements per year once operative.[45] Avinor plans to expand the runway safety area in 2014.[38] Narvik Airport, Framnes is scheduled to close in 2017, with the opening of the Hålogaland Bridge.[46] The bridge will reduce the travel distance by road from Narvik to the Evenes by 18 kilometers (11 mi) and 20 minutes.[47]

Avinor is planning building a new primary airport to serve Lofoten and possibly also Vesterålen. Two locations have been put forward, Gimsøy (68°19′10″N 14°9′30″E / 68.31944°N 14.15833°E / 68.31944; 14.15833) and Hadselsanden (68°25′40″N 14°37′30″E / 68.42778°N 14.62500°E / 68.42778; 14.62500). The former could replace Leknes Airport and Svolvær Airport, the latter could also replace Stokmarknes Airport. As both alternatives imply direct services to Oslo, the leakage to Evenes would be reduced.[43]   Independent of the airport plans, there are plans to build a tunnel between Fiskefjorden and Gullesfjorden which would reduce the road distance from Lofoten to Evenes by 19 kilometers (12 mi) and 31 minutes.[48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Airport information for ENEV". Avinor. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Traffic statistics from Avinor" (xlsx). Avinor. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gynnild, Olav (2009). "Flyplassenes og flytrafikkens historie". Kulturminner på norske lufthavner – Landsverneplan for Avinor (in Norwegian). Avinor. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Steinnes: 477
  5. ^ a b Svendsen: 393
  6. ^ Steinnes: 478
  7. ^ Steinnes: 479
  8. ^ Svendsen: 394
  9. ^ a b Svendsen: 395
  10. ^ a b Svendsen: 396
  11. ^ Steinnes: 473
  12. ^ Svanberg: 669
  13. ^ Svendsen: 397
  14. ^ Melling: 208
  15. ^ a b Arheim: 223
  16. ^ Svanberg: 679
  17. ^ Arheim: 224
  18. ^ Pedersen, Kåre (5 April 1991). "Mister 4300 passasjerer". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 48. 
  19. ^ Hestvik, Arne S. (28 May 1988). "Fokker". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 19. 
  20. ^ Tjomsland and Wilsberg: 340–341
  21. ^ Valderhaug, Rune (20 January 1994). "Braathen vil ikke fly direkte Bergen Nord-Norge". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). p. 6. 
  22. ^ Markusson, Helge M. (8 March 1994). "Uro om Widerøe". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 5. 
  23. ^ "Katoair". Nordlys (in Norwegian). 2 April 1996. p. 12. 
  24. ^ Nilsen, Geir Bjørn (17 February 2007). "Tar over etter NATO". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian). p. 15. 
  25. ^ Moe, Geir; Sundheim, Øyvind (29 August 2002). "Kato Air nummer to". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 8. 
  26. ^ Larsen, Trygve (1 February 2002). "Lander på delt løsning". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian). p. 4. 
  27. ^ "SAS skal spare penger på rutenedleggelser" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 29 August 2002. p. 8. 
  28. ^ "Tre nye ruter innenriks". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  29. ^ Lillesund, Geir (10 March 2004). "Lindegaard: - Vi plukker det beste fra SAS og Braathens" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. p. 24. 
  30. ^ a b Forland, Gisle (11 December 2008). "Jubel for Lofast" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  31. ^ Fonbæk, Dag (3 April 2008). "Lofoten får internasjonal flyplass". Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  32. ^ Kielland, Marianne Steffensen (27 September 2011). "Nytt liv i navnedebatten". Lofotposten (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  33. ^ "Kato Air satt på bakken". Nordlys (in Norwegian). 2 September 2008. p. 8. 
  34. ^ Perry, Dominic (15 June 2012). "Norway orders F-35As after securing JSM integration support". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  35. ^ a b "– Fryktelig trist dag for Widerøes". Nordlys (in Norwegian). 19 January 2012. Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  36. ^ Bøifot, Ragnar (31 October 2012). "Reis nesten hvor du vil". Fremover (in Norwegian). p. 2–3. 
  37. ^ "Top 10 Airport Approaches 2011" (in Norwegian). Privatefly. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  38. ^ a b c "Konsekvenser for luftfart" (in Norwegian). Avinor. October 2012. pp. 52–54. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  39. ^ "Taxfree" (in Norwegian). Avinor. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  40. ^ "Bank". Avinor. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  41. ^ Bøifot, Ragnar (12 February 2013). "Evenes er klar for gigantene". Fremover (in Norwegian). p. 12–13. 
  42. ^ a b "Flight timetables". Avinor. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  43. ^ a b c d "Nasjonal transportplan 2014–2023: Framtidsrettet utvikling av lufthavnstrukturen" (pdf) (in Norwegian). Avinor. 15 February 2012. p. 46–48. Archived from the original on 28 February 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  44. ^ a b "Til og fra flyplassen" (in Norwegian). Avinor. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  45. ^ Horne, Anders (28 June 2012). "Skal rustes for 15 fly". Fremover (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  46. ^ "Klarsignal for Hålogalandsbrua". Fremover (in Norwegian). 29 September 2010. Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  47. ^ "Denne brua skal gjøre slutt på trailersjåførernes mareritt" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. 25 May 2012. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  48. ^ E10/rv. 85 Evenes-Sortland (KVU)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Arheim, Tom; Hafsten, Bjørn; Olsen, Bjørn; Thuve, Sverre (1994). Fra Spitfire til F-16: Luftforsvaret 50 år 1944–1994 (in Norwegian). Oslo: Sem & Stenersen. ISBN 82-7046-068-0. 
  • Melling, Kjersti (2009). Nordavind fra alle kanter (in Norwegian). Oslo: Pilotforlaget. 
  • Tjomsland, Audun; Wilsberg, Kjell (1995). Braathens SAFE 50 år: Mot alle odds (in Norwegian). Oslo. ISBN 82-990400-1-9. 
  • Steinnes, Kristian (2003). Ved egne krefter: Harstads historie 1904–2004 (in Norwegian). Harstad: Harstad kommune. ISBN 82-996787-0-6. 
  • Svanberg, Erling (1990). Langs vei og lei i Nordland: samferdsel i Nordland gjennom 3000 år (in Norwegian). Nordland County Municipality. ISBN 82-7416-021-5. 
  • Svendsen, Oddvar (2002). Narviks historie: Storhetstid, brytningstid, framtidshåp (in Norwegian) 2. Narvik: Stiftelsen Narviks historieverk. ISBN 82-996128-2-9.