Brian Hart Ltd.

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Brian Hart Ltd., also known as Hart and Hart Racing Engines, was a motor racing engine manufacturer that participated in 157 Formula One Grands Prix, powering a total of 368 entries.

Founded in 1969 by British engineer Brian Hart, Hart initially concentrated on servicing and tuning engines from other manufacturers for various independent British teams at all levels of motorsport. Hart found particular success with developments of Ford's FVA engine, eventually leading the large multinational company to approach the small independent to develop the Ford BDA 1.6 L engine for the 2.0L class. The European Formula Two title was won in both 1971 and 1972 with Hart-built Ford engines, and the 2.0 L BDA engine would go on to power the majority of Ford's 1970s rallying successes.

With Ford's withdrawal from F2 in the mid-1970s, Hart began to concentrate on building their own designs. The first engine to bear the Hart name alone was the twin-cam, four-cylinder Hart 420R F2 unit, which appeared in 1976 and would go on to power race-winning cars until the end of the decade. In 1978, the Toleman team agreed to a partnership program, with Toleman providing finance to develop further Hart engine designs. The fruits of this collaboration resulted in Toleman taking a one-two finish in the 1980 European F2 Championship.

Beatrice Lola-Hart THL 1 at Goodwood Festival of Speed 2009

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For 1981 Hart followed Toleman into Formula One, with an inline four-cylinder 1.5 L turbo engine named the 415T. However, the year was a disaster, with Brian Hart's small operation failing to keep pace with better-funded outfits. Toleman cars only qualified to race twice. Hart persisted though, with the best result from the five-year relationship with Toleman coming when Ayrton Senna took second place at the 1984 Monaco Grand Prix and Toleman claiming 7th in the 1984 Constructors Championship. Teo Fabi also took pole position in a Toleman-Hart at the 1985 German Grand Prix, the first of only two F1 poles by a Hart-powered car.

During this period, Hart turbos were used by three other teams – RAM (1984–85); Spirit (1984–85); and the Haas Lola team (1985–86). While none of their teams performed that well, Hart gained a reputation for excellent work on a small budget.

After 1984 companies like Renault, Honda, BMW, TAG-Porsche, and Ferrari were able to develop their engines to receive much higher turbo boost than the Hart 415T. This resulted in Brian Hart stopping development of the engine. The last time it was used was by the Haas Lola team at the 1986 San Marino Grand Prix, with Patrick Tambay qualifying 11th but retiring with engine troubles after just 5 laps.

At its peak in 1986, the Hart 415T produced a reported 750 bhp (559 kW; 760 PS) @ 11,000 rpm.[1]

Following this and the outlawing of turbocharged engines in Formula One after the 1988 season, Hart did freelance work. The company mainly tuned Cosworth DFR V8s for a number of F1 teams, including Footwork Arrows in 1990 and 1991, Tyrrell in 1990, Larrousse in 1991 and AGS in 1991.

Hart would return with an in-house 3.5 L V10 in 1993 named the 1035, signing a two-year deal with the Jordan team. This culminated in a successful 1994 season, with Rubens Barrichello finishing 3rd at the Pacific Grand Prix and taking the engine company's last F1 pole position at the Belgian Grand Prix.

With the introduction of the 3.0 L rules in 1995, Hart switched to a V8 engine named the 830, and these were used by the Arrows team in 1995 and 1996; Gianni Morbidelli took third at the 1995 Australian Grand Prix. For 1997, these engines were taken over by the Minardi team, while Brian Hart himself designed Yamaha's new V10 engine.

Later that year, Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR) bought out Brian Hart Ltd., and merged it into their Arrows Formula One team. The Yamaha V10 was modified and raced in 1998–1999 as the Arrows V10, with Mika Salo taking a 4th place at the 1998 Monaco Grand Prix. Frustrated with the lack of development, Brian Hart left Arrows in 1999. With the bankruptcy of TWR in 2002, the engine company folded with its parent.

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WCC Points
1981 Candy Toleman Motorsport Toleman TG181 415T 1.5 S4 (t/c) P USW BRA ARG SMR BEL MON ESP FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA CAN LVS NC 0
Brian Henton DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 10 DNQ DNQ
Derek Warwick DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret
1982 Candy Toleman Motorsport
Toleman Group Motorsport
Toleman TG181B
Toleman TG181C
Toleman TG183
415T 1.5 S4 (t/c) P RSA BRA USW SMR BEL MON DET CAN NED GBR FRA GER AUT SUI ITA LVS NC 0
Derek Warwick Ret DNQ DNPQ Ret Ret DNQ WD Ret Ret 15 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret
Teo Fabi DNQ DNQ DNQ NC Ret DNPQ WD DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ
1983 Candy Toleman Motorsport Toleman TG183B 415T 1.5 S4 (t/c) P BRA USW FRA SMR MON BEL DET CAN GBR GER AUT NED ITA EUR RSA 9th 10
Derek Warwick 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 6 5 4
Bruno Giacomelli Ret Ret 13 Ret DNQ 8 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 7 6 Ret
1984 Skoal Bandit Formula 1 Team RAM 01
RAM 02
415T 1.5 S4 (t/c) P BRA RSA BEL SMR FRA MON CAN DET DAL GBR GER AUT NED ITA EUR POR NC 0
Philippe Alliot Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 10 Ret DNS Ret Ret 11 10 Ret Ret Ret
Jonathan Palmer 8 Ret 10 9 13 DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 9 Ret Ret Ret
Mike Thackwell Ret
Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG183B
Toleman TG184
P

M

Ayrton Senna Ret 6 6 DNQ Ret 2 7 Ret Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 7th 16
Johnny Cecotto Ret Ret Ret NC Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret DNQ
Stefan Johansson 4 Ret 11
Pierluigi Martini DNQ
Spirit Racing Spirit 101 P Mauro Baldi Ret 8 Ret 8 Ret DNQ 8 15 NC 0
Huub Rothengatter NC Ret NC 9 NC Ret 8
1985 Skoal Bandit Formula 1 Team RAM 03 415T 1.5 S4 (t/c) P BRA POR SMR MON CAN DET FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA BEL EUR RSA AUS NC 0
Manfred Winkelhock 13 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret
Philippe Alliot 9 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
Kenny Acheson Ret DNQ Ret
Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 P Stefan Johansson WD WD WD NC 0
Teo Fabi Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret
John Watson WD WD WD
Piercarlo Ghinzani DNS Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret
Spirit Enterprises Ltd Spirit 101D P Mauro Baldi Ret Ret Ret WD NC 0
Team Haas (USA) Ltd Lola THL1 G Alan Jones Ret Ret DNS Ret NC 0
1986 Team Haas (USA) Ltd Lola THL1 415T 1.5 S4 (t/c) G BRA ESP SMR MON BEL CAN DET FRA GBR GER HUN AUT ITA POR MEX AUS NC 0
Alan Jones Ret Ret
Patrick Tambay Ret 8 Ret
1993 Sasol Jordan Jordan 193 1035 3.5 V10 G RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 11th 3
Rubens Barrichello Ret Ret 10 Ret 12 9 Ret 7 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 5 11
Ivan Capelli Ret DNQ
Thierry Boutsen Ret Ret 11 Ret 12 11 Ret 13 9 Ret
Marco Apicella Ret
Emanuele Naspetti Ret
Eddie Irvine 6 Ret
1994 Sasol Jordan Jordan 194 1035 3.5 V10 G BRA PAC SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR JPN AUS 5th 28
Rubens Barrichello 4 3 DNQ Ret Ret 7 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 4 4 12 Ret 4
Eddie Irvine Ret EX EX EX 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret 7 4 5 Ret
Aguri Suzuki Ret
Andrea de Cesaris Ret 4
1995 Footwork Hart Footwork FA16 830 3.0 V8 G BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR PAC JPN AUS 8th 5
Gianni Morbidelli Ret Ret 13 11 9 6 14 Ret Ret 3
Massimiliano Papis Ret Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 12
Taki Inoue Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 8 15 Ret Ret 12 Ret
1996 Footwork Hart Footwork FA17 830 3.0 V8 G AUS BRA ARG EUR SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN 9th 1
Ricardo Rosset 9 Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 11 8 9 Ret 14 13
Jos Verstappen Ret Ret 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 11
1997 Minardi Team Minardi M197 830 3.0 V8 B AUS BRA ARG SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA AUT LUX JPN EUR NC 0
Ukyo Katayama Ret 18 Ret 11 10 Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret 10 14 Ret 11 Ret Ret 17
Jarno Trulli 9 12 9 DNS Ret 15 Ret
Tarso Marques Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret 14 EX Ret Ret 15

References[edit]

External links[edit]