Hart County, Kentucky

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Hart County, Kentucky
Hart County Courthouse Kentucky.jpg
Hart County Courthouse in Munfordville, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Hart County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Named for Nathaniel G. S. Hart
Seat Munfordville
Largest city Horse Cave
Area
 • Total 417.91 sq mi (1,082 km2)
 • Land 415.93 sq mi (1,077 km2)
 • Water 1.98 sq mi (5 km2), 0.47%
Population
 • (2010) 18,199
 • Density 43.7/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.hartcountyky.org

Hart County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,199.[1] Its county seat is Munfordville.[2] Hart County is a prohibition or dry county.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 417.91 square miles (1,082.4 km2), of which 415.93 square miles (1,077.3 km2) (or 99.53%) is land and 1.98 square miles (5.1 km2) (or 0.47%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Mammoth Cave National Park[edit]

A portion of Mammoth Cave National Park and the cave for which it is named is located in western Hart County.

National protected area[edit]

History[edit]

Hart County was formed in 1819 from portions of Hardin and Barren counties.[4] The county is named for Captain Nathaniel G. S. Hart, a Kentucky militia officer in the War of 1812 who was wounded at the Battle of Frenchtown and died in the Massacre of the River Raisin.[5]

The Battle of Munfordville, a Confederate victory, was fought in the county in 1862, during the American Civil War.

A courthouse fire in January, 1928 resulted in the loss of some county records.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,184
1830 5,191 24.1%
1840 7,031 35.4%
1850 9,093 29.3%
1860 10,348 13.8%
1870 13,687 32.3%
1880 17,133 25.2%
1890 16,439 −4.1%
1900 18,390 11.9%
1910 18,173 −1.2%
1920 18,544 2.0%
1930 16,169 −12.8%
1940 17,239 6.6%
1950 15,321 −11.1%
1960 14,119 −7.8%
1970 13,980 −1.0%
1980 15,402 10.2%
1990 14,890 −3.3%
2000 17,445 17.2%
2010 18,199 4.3%
Est. 2012 18,366 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 17,445 people, 6,769 households, and 4,812 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 per square mile (16 /km2). There were 8,045 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.58% White, 6.20% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,769 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,378, and the median income for a family was $31,746. Males had a median income of $26,994 versus $19,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,495. About 18.60% of families and 22.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.

Wildlife[edit]

A female wolf shot in 2013 in Hart County by a hunter was the first gray wolf seen in Kentucky in modern times.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). "Kentucky Place Names". University Press of Kentucky. p. 133. Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  5. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  6. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). "Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research". Ancestry Publishing. p. 249. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Russ McSpadden (August 19, 2013). "Wild Wolf in Kentucky, First in 150 Years, Killed by Hunter". Earth First! News. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 

Coordinates: 37°17′N 85°53′W / 37.29°N 85.89°W / 37.29; -85.89