Hart Senate Office Building
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|Hart Senate Office Building|
The Hart Senate Office Building
Location within Washington, D.C.
|Type||Offices for members of the U.S. Senate|
|Location||United States Capitol Complex|
|Town or city||Washington, D.C.|
|Floor area||1,271,030 square feet (118,083 m2)|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||John Carl Warnecke & Associates|
|This article is part of a series on the|
|United States Senate|
|History of the United States Senate|
|Politics and procedure|
The Hart Senate Office Building, the third U.S. Senate office building, was built in the 1970s in Washington, D.C. First occupied in November 1982, the Hart Building is the largest of the Senate office buildings. It is named for Philip A. Hart, who served 18 years as a senator from Michigan.
Design and construction
Following a recommendation from George M. White (then the serving Architect of the Capitol), the plan submitted by the architectural firm of John Carl Warnecke & Associates was approved by the Senate Committee on Public Works on August 8, 1974. Construction proceeded, and the building was first occupied in November 1982.
Rather than adopt the neo-classical style of the first two office buildings, the architect gave the Hart Building a more distinctly contemporary appearance, although with a marble façade in keeping with its surrounding. The architects sought to design a flexible, energy-efficient building that would accommodate both the expanded staff and the new technology of the modern Senate. The building's design also deliberately spared the adjacent Sewall-Belmont house, a historic structure that serves as headquarters for the National Woman’s Party and a museum for the woman suffrage movement. As construction proceeded, however, rapid inflation in the 1970s multiplied costs and caused several modifications of the original plan, most notably the elimination of a rooftop restaurant and a gymnasium.
The nine-story structure provides offices for forty nine senators, as well as for three committees and several subcommittees. Two-story duplex suites allow a senator’s entire office staff to work in connecting rooms. Where solid walls limited the arrangement of office space in the two older buildings, movable partitions permit reconfiguration of offices in the Hart Building to meet changing needs. Designed for modern telecommunications, removable floor panels permit the laying of telephone lines and computer cables, further aiding the rearrangement of offices as computers rapidly alter staff functions. On the building's roof, microwave satellite dishes expand senators' communication links with the news media in their home states.
The large Central Hearing Facility on the second floor of the Hart Building was designed for high-interest events attracting crowds that could not be accommodated in the regular hearing rooms. The facility offered more seating, better acoustics, and movable side panes where television cameras could operate without distracting the participants. Behind the dais where committee members sit, the Senate seal is affixed to a white and gray marble wall, which contrasts with the wood-paneled side walls. The room has become familiar to television viewers as the site of numerous Senate investigations and confirmation hearings.
Situated the farthest from the Capitol, the Hart Building was connected underground to an extension of the existing Capitol Subway to the Dirksen Senate Office Building. In 1994 a new train loop was installed that provided more cars and speedier service to handle the increased traffic between the buildings. With wider doors and trains at platform-level, the new system is also fully accessible to the handicapped. In addition, the Hart Building provides three floors of underground parking.
Unlike other Senate office buildings arranged around courtyards, the Hart building has a 90-foot (27 m) high central atrium, which brings natural light into corridors and offices. Walkways bridge the atrium on each floor. Located on either end of the atrium are elevator banks and skylit semicircular staircases.
The centerpiece of the atrium is Alexander Calder's mobile-stabile Mountains and Clouds. The monumental piece combines black aluminum clouds suspended above black steel mountains, with the tallest peak being 51 feet (16 m) high. It was one of Calder's last works. The sculptor came to Washington on November 10, 1976 to make the final adjustments to his model, and died later that evening after returning to New York. Budget cuts delayed construction of the sculpture until 1986, when former New Jersey Senator Nicholas F. Brady raised private funds to underwrite the installation.
On October 15, 2001, several suites of this building became contaminated by the release of anthrax powder from an envelope mailed to Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle in the 2001 anthrax attacks. The building was closed October 17, 2001, displacing hundreds of Senate staff. The building was decontaminated using chlorine gas in December 2001, and the building reopened January 23, 2002.
Senators with Hart offices (113th Congress)
- Tammy Baldwin (D-Wisconsin) Room 717
- Richard Blumenthal (D-Connecticut) Room 724
- Cory Booker (D-New Jersey) Room 141
- John Boozman (R-Arkansas) Room 320
- Barbara Boxer (D-California) Room 112
- Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) Room 713
- Maria Cantwell (D-Washington) Room 311
- Ben Cardin (D-Maryland) Room 509
- Thomas Carper (D-Delaware) Room 513
- John Cornyn (R-Texas) Room 517
- Joe Donnelly (D-Indiana) Room 720
- Richard Durbin (D-Illinois) Room 711
- Dianne Feinstein (D-California) Room 331
- Debra Fischer (R-Nebraska) Room 825B
- Al Franken (D-Minnesota) Room 309
- Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) Room 135
- Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) Room 731
- Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) Room 104
- Heidi Heitkamp (D-North Dakota) Room 502
- Dean Heller (R-Nevada) Room 324
- Tim Johnson (D-South Dakota) Room 136
- Mark Kirk (R-Illinois) Room 524
- Amy Klobuchar (D-Minnesota) Room 302
- Mary Landrieu (D-Louisiana) Room 703
- Mike Lee (R-Utah) Room 316
- Joe Manchin (D-West Virginia) Room 303
- Claire McCaskill (D-Missouri) Room 506
- Robert Menendez (D-New Jersey) Room 528
- Jeff Merkley (D-Oregon) Room 313
- Barbara Mikulski (D-Maryland) Room 503
- Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) Room 709
- Bill Nelson (D-Florida) Room 716
- Jack Reed (D-Rhode Island) Room 728
- Harry Reid (D-Nevada) Room 522
- Pat Roberts (R-Kansas) Room 109
- John Rockefeller (D-West Virginia) Room 531
- Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) Room 722
- Charles Schumer (D-New York) Room 322
- Jeanne Shaheen (D-New Hampshire) Room 520
- Debbie Stabenow (D-Michigan) Room 133
- Jon Tester (D-Montana) Room 724
- Mark Udall (D-Colorado) Room 730
- Tom Udall (D-New Mexico) Room 110
- David Vitter (R-Louisiana) Room 516
- John Walsh (D-Montana) Room 511
- Elizabeth Warren (D-Massachusetts) Room 317
- Sheldon Whitehouse (D-Rhode Island) Room 530
Committee offices located inside Hart Senate Office Building
- United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
- United States Senate Select Committee on Ethics
- United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
- Minority (Republican) office of the United States Senate Special Committee on Aging
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