Hartekamp

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View of Hartekamp from the Herenweg, the road from Haarlem to Leiden that leads along 17th and 18th century summer homes.
View of Hartekamp from the 'Leidse trekvaart' or Leiden-Haarlem canal.

Hartekamp, or Hartecamp, is the name of a villa in Heemstede, the Netherlands, on the Bennebroek border. It was once the summer home of George Clifford, who employed Linnaeus in 1737 to write his Hortus Cliffortianus, a detailed description of the gardens of Hartecamp.

History[edit]

The house was built by Johan Hinloopen in 1693[1] who designed the basic garden and built the orangerie. It passed into Clifford's hands in 1709. The wings on either side of the main building were added after it left the Clifford family. The Clifford banking dynasty went bankrupt in 1772 and the estate went out of the family in 1788. The original editions of the Hortus Cliffortianus and other works of Linnaeus that were written there 'Musea Cliffortiana', 'florens Hartekampi', and 'prope Harlemum' were sold at auction to generate funds for the Clifford estate.

At the time of Linnaeus' inventory, the garden had 1251 living plant species in the greenhouses, gardens and woods. A recent inventory in 2006 revealed 250 living species today that are all wild remains of the ancient garden.[2]

Monumentenschildje blauw wit.svg Dutch Rijksmonument 515576

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rijksmonument report
  2. ^ Mourik, J & A. Koper (2007): Linnaeus in de tuin van Clifford. Een landschapshistorische wandeling over de Hartekamp en de Overplaats in Heemstede., publication of the Heemstede Historical Society

Coordinates: 52°19′43″N 4°35′50″E / 52.32861°N 4.59722°E / 52.32861; 4.59722