Hartford, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Hartford (town), Wisconsin.
Hartford, Wisconsin
City
Location of Hartford, Wisconsin, Wisconsin
Location of Hartford, Wisconsin, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°19′6″N 88°22′44″W / 43.31833°N 88.37889°W / 43.31833; -88.37889Coordinates: 43°19′6″N 88°22′44″W / 43.31833°N 88.37889°W / 43.31833; -88.37889
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Counties Washington, Dodge
Area[1]
 • Total 8.02 sq mi (20.77 km2)
 • Land 7.94 sq mi (20.56 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation[2] 981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 14,223
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 14,243
 • Density 1,791.3/sq mi (691.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-33000[5]
GNIS feature ID 1566104[2]

Hartford is a city in Dodge and Washington counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 14,223. All of this population resided in the Washington County portion of the city.

History[edit]

John Thiel and Nicolas Simon first surveyed the area that would become Hartford in 1843. James and Charles Rossman accompanied Nicolas Simon back to Hartford in 1844, and soon bought 40 acres around the rapids of the Rubicon River.[6] After constructing a dam across rapids in the river, the Rossmans built a sawmill that harnessed the power of the water to make lumber for the growth of the area. Rails were laid in 1855 that linked Chicago, Milwaukee, La Crosse and Minneapolis until the early 1900s.[7]

Geography[edit]

2006 tornado near Hartford

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.02 square miles (20.77 km2), of which, 7.94 square miles (20.56 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Hartford is located within the Kettle Moraine, a large moraine formed when the Green Bay and Lake Michigan Lobes collided. These glacial movements created varied land formations such as kettles, lakes, hills, and kames that distinguish the region.[6]

Tornado of 2006[edit]

The city was the site of an F1 tornado on June 18, 2006, which caused minor damage to homes in the area, and major damage on the city's south side. Lincoln Elementary School and the Silver Bell Motel both suffered roof and structural damage.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 2,549
1960 5,627 120.8%
1970 6,499 15.5%
1980 7,159 10.2%
1990 8,188 14.4%
2000 10,978 34.1%
2010 14,223 29.6%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 14,223 people, 5,685 households, and 3,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,791.3 inhabitants per square mile (691.6 /km2). There were 6,032 housing units at an average density of 759.7 per square mile (293.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 0.9% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.

There were 5,685 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.5% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 10,978 people, 1,397 households, and 1,152 families residing in the city. The population density was 133.6 people per square mile (51.6/km²). There were 1,438 housing units at an average density of 47.6 per square mile (18.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.88% White, 0.20% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.

There were 1,397 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.7% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.19.

1920's Kissel Fire Truck appears in 2008 4th of July Parade

In the city the age of the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was estimated at $53,357 [9] and the median income for a family was $73,576. Males had a median income of $42,301 versus $29,727 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,928. About 1.1% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 0.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Hartford has a mayor-council form of government. Joe Dautermann is the mayor of Hartford. The Common Council is made up of nine aldermen, three elected from each of three aldermanic districts.

Economy[edit]

Downtown Hartford on Maxwell Street Day 2006

Hartford was an early car manufacturing center, home to the Kissel Motor Car Company before 1926.[10] The city was the home of a Chrysler Marine engine plant, a Libby's beet processing plant, and now many smaller industries, including the headquarters and a manufacturing site for Broan-NuTone, LLC and the health care information technology firm API Healthcare.

Education[edit]

The School District of Hartford provides public education to elementary students in Hartford. Lincoln and Rossman Elementary Schools each serve roughly half of the city's kindergarten through fifth grade student population. Both schools are feeders to Central Middle School, which serves all Hartford students in grades 6 through 8.

Secondary education is provided by Hartford Union High School (HUHS), which is independent of the School District of Hartford.[11] It has an enrollment of about 1700 students. The high school serves the city of Hartford, the Town of Hartford, and most of the surrounding communities including Richfield, Erin, Friess Lake, and Neosho.

Several parochial schools are in the community, including St. Kilian Roman Catholic School and Peace Lutheran.[12]

The city's library is Jack Russell Memorial Library.

Area information[edit]

  • The city has recently annexed parts of the town of Hartford and other areas, including Pike Lake. The Pike Lake Unit of the Kettle Moraine State Forest is situated on the lake.
  • The city has a major industrial park on the outskirts of the city, including a Quad Graphics factory that employs many city residents.
  • Hartford is home to the Schauer Arts & Activities Center, a regional arts center that stages professional touring performances, offers arts classes for all ages, and hosts social and business functions.
  • Hartford is also home to Erin Hills, a public golf course selected to host the 2017 United States Open.
  • Nearby Holy Hill National Shrine of Mary, Help of Christians.
    Holy Hill National Shrine

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Hartford Centennial Committee. "Hartford, County & State History". Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  7. ^ Hartford Website Historic Page
  8. ^ JS Online: Tornado rips through Hartford
  9. ^ http://www.city-data.com/city/Hartford-Wisconsin.html
  10. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.2 & 153.
  11. ^ "Hartford Union High School District". 
  12. ^ http://peacehartford.org/site/default.asp?sec_id=1361&nc=1358434972275.27
  13. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1935,' Biographical Sketch of Adam F. Poltl, pg. 234
  14. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 2011-2012,' Biographical Sketch of Don Pridemore, pg. 85

External links[edit]