Hartford County, Connecticut

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Hartford County, Connecticut
Map of Connecticut highlighting Hartford County
Location in the state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Founded 1666 (an Original County)
Seat Hartford (before 1960), none (since 1960); since 1960 Connecticut counties no longer have a county government
Largest city Hartford (population and area)
Area
 • Total 751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Land 735 sq mi (1,904 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.02%
Population
 • (2010) 894,014
 • Density 1,216.3/sq mi (470/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 5th

Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the US state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 894,014, making it the second most populous county in Connecticut.[1]

In Connecticut there is no county-level executive or legislative government; the counties determine probate, civil and criminal court boundaries, but little else. Each city or town is responsible for local services such as schools, snow removal, sewers, fire department and police departments. In Connecticut, cities and towns may agree to jointly provide services or even establish a regional school system.

History[edit]

Hartford County was one of four original counties in Connecticut that were established on May 10, 1666, by an act of the Connecticut General Court. The act establishing the county states:

This Court orders that the Townes on the River from ye
north bounds of Windsor wth Farmington to ye south end of
ye bounds of Thirty Miles Island shalbe & remaine to be one
County wch shalbe called the County of Hartford. And it
is ordered that the County Court shalbe kept at Hartford on
the 1st Thursday in March and on the first Thursday in September yearely.[2]

As established in 1666, Hartford County consisted of the towns of Windsor, Wethersfield, Hartford, Farmington, and Middletown. The "Thirty Miles Island" referred to in the constituting Act was incorporated as the town of Haddam in 1668.[citation needed] In 1670, the town of Simsbury was established, extending Hartford County to the Massachusetts border. In the late 17th to early 18th centuries, several more towns were established and added to Hartford County: Waterbury in 1686 (transferred to New Haven County in 1728), Windham in 1694 (transferred to Windham County in 1726), Hebron in 1708 (transferred to Tolland County in 1785), Coventry in 1712 (transferred to Windham County in 1726), and Litchfield in 1722 (transferred to Litchfield County in 1751).

In 1714, all of the unincorporated territory north of the towns of Coventry and Windham in northeastern Connecticut to the Massachusetts border were placed under the jurisdiction of Hartford County. Windham County was constituted in 1726 resulting in Hartford County losing the towns of Windham, Coventry, Mansfield (incorporated in 1702), and Ashford (incorporated in 1714). Northwestern Connecticut, which was originally placed under the jurisdiction of New Haven County in 1722, was transferred to Hartford County by 1738. All of northwestern Connecticut was later constituted as a new county, Litchfield County, in 1751. In 1785, two more counties were established in the now U.S. state of Connecticut: Tolland and Middlesex. This mostly resulted in the modern extent of Hartford County. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the establishment of several more towns resulted in minor adjustments in the bounds of the county. The final adjustment resulting in the modern limits occurred on May 8, 1806, when the town of Canton was established.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 750.57 square miles (1,944.0 km2), of which 735.44 square miles (1,904.8 km2) (or 97.98%) is land and 15.13 square miles (39.2 km2) (or 2.02%) is water.[4] The county is divided into two unequal parts by the Connecticut River, and watered by Farmington, Mill, Podunk, Scantic, and other rivers. The surface is very diverse: part of the river valleys are alluvial and subject to inundation, while other portions of the county are hilly and even mountainous.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Towns[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 38,149
1800 42,147 10.5%
1810 44,733 6.1%
1820 47,264 5.7%
1830 51,131 8.2%
1840 55,629 8.8%
1850 69,967 25.8%
1860 89,962 28.6%
1870 109,007 21.2%
1880 125,382 15.0%
1890 147,180 17.4%
1900 195,480 32.8%
1910 250,182 28.0%
1920 336,027 34.3%
1930 421,097 25.3%
1940 450,189 6.9%
1950 539,661 19.9%
1960 689,555 27.8%
1970 816,737 18.4%
1980 807,766 −1.1%
1990 851,783 5.4%
2000 857,183 0.6%
2010 894,014 4.3%
Est. 2012 897,259 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 857,183 people, 335,098 households, and 222,505 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,166 people per square mile (450/km²). There were 353,022 housing units at an average density of 480 per square mile (185/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.90% White, 11.66% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 2.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.43% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 11.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.2% were of Italian, 11.2% Irish, 9.1% Polish, 6.5% English, 5.7% French and 5.3% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 78.4% spoke English, 10.3% Spanish, 2.6% Polish, 1.9% French and 1.6% Italian as their first language.

There were 335,098 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,756, and the median income for a family was $62,144. Males had a median income of $43,985 versus $33,042 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,047. About 7.10% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Demographic breakdown by town[edit]

Income[edit]

Data is from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[9][10]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
Pop. Density
1 Avon Town $55,879 $105,116 $129,651 18,098 7,009 770
2 Simsbury Town $54,571 $113,224 $135,772 23,511 8,776 685
3 Farmington Town $50,541 $85,417 $106,885 25,340 10,522 881
4 Glastonbury Town $49,324 $102,482 $124,057 34,427 13,135 660
5 Granby Town $46,687 $97,500 $111,339 11,282 4,194 277
6 Canton Town $46,401 $87,643 $101,793 10,292 4,150 412
7 West Hartford Town $43,534 $78,530 $102,547 63,268 25,258 2,837
8 Burlington Town $43,392 $115,341 $120,580 9,301 3,291 306
9 Marlborough Town $41,669 $108,232 $110,527 6,404 2,292 272
10 Suffield Town $41,098 $90,023 $99,855 15,735 5,155 366
11 East Granby Town $40,698 $77,596 $97,174 5,148 2,062 291
12 Bloomfield Town $39,738 $68,372 $84,583 20,486 8,554 779
13 South Windsor Town $38,945 $88,350 $94,602 25,709 9,918 896
14 Berlin Town $38,134 $86,211 $98,677 19,866 7,808 736
15 Wethersfield Town $37,329 $71,284 $91,563 26,668 11,204 2,036
16 Hartland Town $36,874 $85,956 $91,188 2,114 789 61
17 Southington Town $36,053 $77,673 $102,186 43,069 16,814 1,177
18 Rocky Hill Town $36,021 $72,417 $88,750 19,709 8,307 1,426
19 Windsor Town $35,780 $78,695 $90,856 29,044 11,233 937
20 Manchester Town $32,752 $61,571 $77,018 58,241 24,689 2,103
21 Newington Town $32,561 $69,085 $80,597 30,562 12,550 2,333
22 East Windsor Town $31,162 $64,301 $76,502 11,162 4,750 416
23 Plainville Town $31,000 $63,447 $80,205 17,716 7,580 1,814
24 Windsor Locks Town $30,436 $59,369 $70,439 12,498 5,223 1,330
25 Bristol City $29,629 $58,537 $72,038 60,477 25,320 2,257
26 Enfield Town $29,340 $67,402 $77,554 44,654 16,794 1,306
27 East Hartford Town $24,373 $48,613 $57,848 51,252 20,195 2,741
28 New Britain City $21,056 $39,706 $45,990 73,206 28,158 5,463
29 Hartford City $16,798 $28,970 $32,820 124,775 45,124 6,932

Race[edit]

Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates, "Race alone or in combination with one or more other races."[11]

Rank Town Population White Black Asian American
Indian
Other Hispanic
1 Hartford City 124,817 35.1% 39.8% 2.9% 1.5% 25.1% 42.4%
2 New Britain City 73,055 68.2% 15.3% 2.7% 0.5% 17.2% 34.8%
3 West Hartford Town 63,066 84.6% 7.4% 8.2% 0.7% 2.3% 9.1%
4 Bristol City 60,473 90.0% 5.1% 2.3% 0.8% 4.9% 9.5%
5 Manchester Town 57,897 77.0% 11.7% 7.8% 0.6% 5.6% 12.5%
6 East Hartford Town 51,091 54.4% 25.4% 7.3% 0.9% 15.5% 25.7%
7 Enfield Town 44,747 88.5% 7.4% 2.1% 0.4% 3.5% 7.2%
8 Southington Town 42,731 96.3% 1.2% 1.8% 0.2% 1.0% 3.4%
9 Glastonbury Town 34,171 87.7% 4.1% 7.0% 0.4% 2.2% 4.6%
10 Newington Town 30,441 86.9% 6.0% 6.3% 0.6% 2.5% 7.2%
11 Windsor Town 28,962 56.4% 37.6% 5.0% 0.5% 3.7% 8.4%
12 Wethersfield Town 26,641 92.4% 3.4% 1.8% 0.5% 3.3% 8.8%
13 South Windsor Town 25,577 84.7% 5.2% 8.4% 0.4% 2.9% 5.3%
14 Farmington Town 25,186 90.0% 3.0% 7.8% 0.4% 0.3% 1.3%
15 Simsbury Town 23,498 94.3% 2.3% 4.0% 0.5% 0.4% 2.3%
16 Bloomfield Town 20,406 40.1% 59.0% 1.7% 2.6% 1.4% 3.7%
17 Berlin Town 19,694 94.3% 1.5% 2.7% 0.4% 1.9% 2.7%
18 Rocky Hill Town 19,533 78.7% 4.9% 13.9% 1.6% 3.2% 6.5%
19 Avon Town 17,859 90.5% 2.3% 8.0% 0.5% 1.0% 4.2%
20 Plainville Town 17,670 95.7% 2.9% 2.3% 0.3% 1.0% 4.7%
21 Suffield Town 15,513 86.3% 9.6% 1.5% 1.5% 4.0% 5.8%
22 Windsor Locks Town 12,466 89.1% 4.2% 6.0% 1.1% 1.2% 3.6%
23 Granby Town 11,192 96.1% 2.7% 1.2% 0.1% 1.3% 4.0%
24 East Windsor Town 11,024 83.2% 10.2% 6.9% 0.6% 0.9% 5.5%
25 Canton Town 10,139 99.0% 0.6% 1.1% 0.5% 0.4% 2.6%
26 Burlington Town 9,191 97.8% 1.1% 1.5% 0.1% 0.3% 2.5%
27 Marlborough Town 6,335 98.8% 1.0% 0.5% 0.7% 0.5% 1.6%
28 East Granby Town 5,055 89.9% 2.4% 6.9% 0.2% 1.3% 4.3%
29 Hartland Town 2,158 97.5% 0.9% 2.1% 0.4% 0.2% 0.3%

Transportation Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Major Routes[edit]

Public Transportation[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2012 36.6% 143,648 62.2% 244,314
2008 33.7% 138,984 65.1% 268,721
2004 39.5% 154,919 58.7% 229,902
2000 34.7% 127,468 60.2% 221,167
1996 31.3% 111,566 57.0% 203,549
1992 32.0% 132,591 47.1% 195,495
1988 46.0% 173,031 53.1% 199,857
1984 55.0% 208,210 44.6% 168,609
1980 40.5% 150,265 44.3% 164,643
1976 47.5% 175,064 51.9% 191,257
1972 52.1% 194,095 46.9% 174,837
1968 38.8% 131,740 56.2% 190,865
1964 27.0% 88,811 72.9% 240,071
1960 41.1% 136,459 58.9% 195,403

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°49′N 72°44′W / 41.81°N 72.73°W / 41.81; -72.73