Hartford Union Station
|Hartford Union Station|
An Amtrak shuttle train at Hartford's Union Station
|Address||One Union Place
Hartford, CT 06103
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Tracks||1 (formerly 4)|
|Owned by||Greater Hartford Transit District|
|Passengers (2013)||187,357 4.4%|
Hartford Union Station
|Location||Union Place, Hartford, Connecticut|
|Area||3 acres (1.2 ha)|
|Architectural style||Other, Richardsonian Romanesque|
|NRHP Reference #||75001932|
|Added to NRHP||November 25, 1975|
Hartford Union Station is the main railway station in Hartford, Connecticut, United States. The historic station building is near the State Capitol Building. It is a Richardsonian Romanesque building designed by George Keller and built in 1889. A 1914 fire required a rebuild; the interior was renovated in 1987. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1975.
It is served by Amtrak's New Haven-Springfield Line which branches off from the Northeast Corridor in New Haven. Of the 12 Connecticut stations served by Amtrak, Hartford was the third busiest in 2011.
The station is located on the western edge of downtown Hartford, on a three-acre (1.2 ha) block between Union Place and Spruce Street on the east and west and Church and Asylum streets to the north and south. Opposite the main building on Union Place are a mixture of other old buildings and parking lots. To the west is a triangular parking lot and the viaduct carrying Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 6, which curves around the north of the station as well. Across Asylum on the south is Bushnell Park, also listed on the Register.
The main building is located between the tracks and Union Place. It is a three-story rectangular building in rough-faced Portland brownstone with two smaller, similarly shaped two-story wings on the north and south. The main building has a flat roof; the wings are gabled and tiled, with dormer windows piercing them at regular intervals.
On the east (front) facade, a wide set of steps rises to the main entrance, beneath a flat hood at the springlines of three of the large segmental arches that run across the first story. Above these is a stylized floral molded course. The second story has similar but smaller segmental arches set with a recessed panel and four-pane windows. The central bay has "1914" carved into its panel; all others are blank. The two wings have four-pane rectangular windows.
At the station level were originally four tracks (currently one) divided by a middle platform. Two sets of iron roofs create a train shed. On the wall side those roofs are supported by spiral-shaped iron brackets. In the middle columns and simple curved iron brackets support the trusses that hold up the shed roof.
The interior has been remodeled since the station was rebuilt. It is a mostly open area with stairs along the west wall leading up to the elevated tracks and benches along the east. Flooring is red tile. There are offices on the north and south; some look out over the main space.
The station was built in 1889, and served the Hartford and New Haven Railroad, Central New England Railway, Hartford and Connecticut Valley Railroad (all of which were acquired by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad) and the New York and New England Railroad, but the entire structure had to be rebuilt after a fire in 1914. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as "Hartford Union Station" in 1975.
Currently only Amtrak trains use the station, but a new commuter service on the New Haven-Springfield Line called the Hartford Line is under construction. The station is currently served by 1 track and platform. The second track and platform were removed by Amtrak in the 1990s to reduce maintenance costs and because the underlying structure is no longer strong enough to support more than one train at a time. Additional tracks and platforms may be built as part of the I-84 Hartford Project which may require realigning the highway and rail line.
- Connecticut Transit Hartford: 20, 30, 60, 62, 64, 66, 72, 74 & 76.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2013, State of Connecticut" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2011, State of Connecticut" (PDF). Amtrak. December 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Clouette, Bruce; PDF; National Park Service; July 9, 1975, retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Hartford Union Station (About.com)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hartford Union Station.|
- Amtrak – Stations – Hartford Union Station
- Hartford Union Station (HFD) Great American Stations (Amtrak)
- Hartford Amtrak Station (USA Rail Guide -- Train Web)