Hartlepool (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hartlepool
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hartlepool in Cleveland.
Outline map
Location of Cleveland within England.
County County Durham
Electorate 70,010 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1868
Member of Parliament Iain Wright (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from South Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Hartlepool /ˈhɑrtˌlɨpʉl/ is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 1] which has elected a Labour member to serve it since 1964. In the most recent general election (2010) the Conservative candidate achieved second place and the Liberal Democrat's candidate polled 13.3% less than the party achieved in the 2005 election.

Boundaries[edit]

The seat is currently coterminous with the borough of Hartlepool, which has close to the average population for a UK parliamentary constituency. The seat includes the town of Hartlepool itself and the nearby villages of Hart, Elwick, Greatham, Newton Bewley and Dalton Piercy. Before 1974 the seat was known as The Hartlepools (reflecting the representation of both 'old' Hartlepool and West Hartlepool).

History[edit]

Hartlepool was enfranchised as a borough constituency by the Reform Act 1867, being given one MP. It had previously been part of a two-MP electoral division in County Durham.

Since the Second World War, Hartlepool has been a Labour constituency, though it has attracted surprises at times. It was held by the Conservatives between 1959–1964,and in the 1992 general election, Edward Leadbitter stood down and was succeeded by the former Labour Director of Communications Peter Mandelson. Mandelson's pivotal role in the reshaping of the Labour Party into New Labour has attracted much attention and he has become a prominent target. During the first term of office of the Labour government he was twice appointed to the Cabinet and twice forced to resign amid controversial small scandals. In the 2001 general election, there was a prominent contest when the former leader of the National Union of Mineworkers and current leader of the Socialist Labour Party, Arthur Scargill stood, hoping to exploit uneasiness about "New Labour" in the traditional Labour heartlands. In the event, Mandelson held his seat, while Scargill polled only 912 votes. Mandelson shocked many with a highly triumphalist victory speech in which he declared "They underestimated Hartlepool, and they underestimated me, because I am a fighter and not a quitter!"[1].

The following year, the town's first direct Mayoral election generated surprise when the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., H'Angus the Monkey (real name Stuart Drummond) was elected on a platform that included free bananas for schoolchildren.

Mandelson quit his role as MP for Hartlepool when he was appointed as a European Commissioner in the summer of 2004. This triggered a by-election that took place on 30 September 2004. The Hartlepool by-election was the last before the 2005 general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Political party Offices held
1868 Ralph Ward Jackson Conservative
1874 Thomas Richardson Liberal
1875 by-election Lowthian Bell Liberal
1880 Thomas Richardson Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1891 by-election Christopher Furness Liberal
1895 Sir Thomas Richardson Liberal Unionist
1900 Sir Christopher Furness Liberal
1910 by-election Stephen Furness Liberal
1914 by-election Sir Walter Runciman Liberal
1918 William George Howard Gritten Conservative
1922 William Jowitt Liberal
1924 Sir Wilfred Sugden Conservative/Unionist
1929 William George Howard Gritten Conservative
1943 by-election Col. Thomas George Greenwell Conservative
1945 David Thomas Jones Labour
1959 Cmdr John Simon Kerans Conservative
1964 Edward Leadbitter Labour
1992 Peter Mandelson Labour Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (11 October 1999 – 24 January 2001),
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (27 July 1998 – 23 December 1998),
Minister without Portfolio (2 May 1997 – 27 July 1998)
2004 by-election Iain Wright Labour Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for 14–19 Reform and Apprenticeships (9 June 2009 – 11 May 2010)

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Hartlepool[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Wright 16,267 42.5 −9.0
Conservative Alan Wright 10,758 28.1 +16.7
Liberal Democrat Reg Clark 6,533 17.1 -13.3
UKIP Stephen Allison 2,682 7.0 +3.5
BNP Ronnie Bage 2,002 5.2 N/A
Majority 5,509 14.4
Turnout 38,242 55.5 +4.2
Labour hold Swing -12.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Wright 18,251 51.5 +10.8
Liberal Democrat Jody Dunn 10,773 30.4 +15.4
Conservative Amanda Vigar 4,058 11.5 +1.3
UKIP George Springer 1,256 3.5
Socialist Labour Frank Harrison 373 1.1 +0.8
Green Iris Ryder 288 0.8
Independent John Hobbs 275 0.8
Monster Raving Loony Headbanger (Sausage Supremo) Headbanger 162 0.5
Majority 7,478 21.1
Turnout 35,436 51.5 -4.3
Labour hold Swing −11.5
By-election 2004: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Wright 12,752 40.7 -18.5
Liberal Democrat Jody Dunn 10,719 34.2 +19.2
UKIP Stephen Allison 3,193 10.2
Conservative Jeremy Middleton 3,044 9.7 -11.1
Respect John Bloom 572 1.8
Green Iris Ryder 255 0.8
National Front Jim Starkey 246 0.8
Independent (Fathers 4 Justice) Peter Watson 139 0.4
Socialist Labour Christopher Herriot 95 0.3 -2.1
Common Good Rev Dick Rodgers 91 0.3
Independent Philip Berriman 90 0.3
Monster Raving Loony Alan Hope 80 0.3
Independent (Rainbow) Ronnie Carroll 45 0.1
English Democrats Ed Abrams 41 0.1
Majority 2,033 6.5
Turnout 31,362 45.77
Labour hold Swing -11.5
General Election 2001: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Mandelson 22,506 59.1 -1.6
Conservative Gus Alberto Robinson 7,935 20.9 -0.5
Liberal Democrat Nigel Boddy 5,717 15.0 +1.0
Socialist Labour Arthur Scargill 912 2.4 N/A
Independent Ian John Henry Cameron 557 1.5 N/A
Independent John Richard Booth 424 1.1 N/A
Majority 14,571 38.2
Turnout 38,051 55.8 -9.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Mandelson 26,997 60.7 +8.9
Conservative Michael Horsley 9,489 21.3 -13.5
Liberal Democrat Reginald Clark 6,248 14.1 +0.8
Referendum Party Maureen Henderson 1,718 3.9
Majority 17,508 39.4
Turnout 44,452 65.65
Labour hold Swing +11.2
General Election 1992: Hartlepool[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Mandelson 26,816 51.9 +3.4
Conservative Graham M. Robb 18,034 34.9 +1.0
Liberal Democrat Ian John Henry Cameron 6,860 13.3 −0.8
Majority 8,782 17.0 +2.4
Turnout 51,710 76.1 +3.1
Labour hold Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 24,296 48.5 +3.0
Conservative P.C. Catchpole 17,007 33.9 -5.3
SDP–Liberal Alliance A. Preece 7,047 14.1 -1.3
Independent I.J.H Cameron 1,786 3.6
Majority 7,289 14.5
Turnout 50,136 73.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 22,048 45.5 -9.9
Conservative F. Rogers 18,958 39.2 +1.3
Social Democrat N. Bertram 7,422 15.3 +8.6
Majority 3,090 6.3
Turnout 48,434 69.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,039 55.1 +3.4
Conservative K. Miller 18,887 38.4 +3.4
Liberal C. Abbott 3,193 6.5 -6.9
Majority 8,162 16.6 -0.1
Turnout 49,109 74.7 +2.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 24,440 51.7 -2.6
Conservative NH Freeman 16,546 35.0 -10.7
Liberal L Tostevin 6,314 13.4
Majority 7,894 16.7 +8.1
Turnout 47300 72.4 -4.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 26,988 54.3 -3.6
Conservative NH Freeman 22,700 45.7 +3.5
Majority 4,288 8.6 -6.8
Turnout 49,688 76.9 +2.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,704 57.9 -1.4
Conservative RM Marshall 20,188 42.2 +1.5
Majority 7,516 15.7 -3.0
Turnout 47,892 74.4 -4.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,509 59.3 +6.4
Conservative H Bransom 18,857 40.7 -6.4
Majority 8,652 18.7 +12.8
Turnout 46,366 78.5 -3.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 25,883 52.9 +3.1
Conservative G Dodsworth 23,016 47.1 -3.1
Majority 2,867 5.9
Turnout 48,899 81.9 -1.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Simon Kerans 25,463 50.2
Labour David Thomas Jones 25,281 49.8
Majority 182 0.4
Turnout 50,744 83.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1955: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 25,145 51.63
Conservative G. Goodhart 23,560 48.37
Majority 1,585 3.25
Turnout 81.84
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 27,147 52.63
Conservative P.T. Carter 24,437 47.37
Majority 2,710 5.25
Turnout 86.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 25,609 50.61
Conservative Greenwell 20,373 40.26
Liberal F.J. Long 4,623 9.14
Majority 5,236 10.35
Turnout 87.15
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: The Hartlepools[6]

Electorate 52,612

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 16,502 41.2 n/a
Conservative Col. Thomas George Greenwell 16,227 40.5 -23.6
Liberal Godfrey Russell Vick 6,903 17.3 n/a
Independent Harry Lane 390 1.0 n/a
Majority 275 0.7 -46.0
Turnout 76.1 +36.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing n/a
Hartlepool by-election, 1943[7]

Electorate 52,794

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Thomas George Greenwell 13,333 64.1 +16.3
Common Wealth Elaine Frances Burton 3,634 17.4 n/a
The People's Candidate Oswald Tupton 2,351 11.3 n/a
Independent Progressive William Reginald Hipwell 1,510 7.2 n/a
Majority 9,699 46.7 +36.0
Turnout 39.5 -43.8
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: The Hartlepools[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William George Howard Gritten 21,828 47.8 -20.3
Labour C.A. Goatcher 16,931 37.0 +5.1
Liberal Cllr. J. Scott-Cowell 6,939 15.2 n/a
Majority 4,897 10.7 25.4
Turnout 83.0 -1.4
Conservative hold Swing -12.7
General Election 1931: The Hartlepools[9]

Electorate 53,652

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William George Howard Gritten 30,842 68.1 +30.1
Labour Alasdair Alpin MacGregor 14,462 31.9 +7.6
Majority 16,380 36.2 +29.9
Turnout 45,304 84.4 -1.5
Conservative hold Swing +15.0

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: The Hartlepools[10]

Electorate 52,944

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 17,271 38.0 -11.5
Liberal Stephen Noel Furness 17,133 37.7 -3.1
Labour Gilbert Oliver 11,052 24.3 +14.6
Majority 138 0.3 8.4
Turnout 85.9 -4.4
Unionist hold Swing -4.2
General Election 1924: The Hartlepools[11]

Electorate 42,676

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Wilfrid Hart Sugden 19,077 49.5 +3.4
Liberal William Allen Jowitt 15,724 40.8 -5.6
Labour Craigie Mason Aitchison 3,717 9.7 +2.2
Majority 3,353 8.7 9.0
Turnout 90.3 +2.8
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +4.5
General Election 1923: The Hartlepools[12]

Electorate 42,071

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Allen Jowitt 17,101 46.4 -4.4
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 16,956 46.1 -3.1
Labour George Belt 2,755 7.5 n/a
Majority 145 0.3 -1.3
Turnout 87.5 +0.3
Liberal hold Swing -0.7
General Election 1922: The Hartlepools[13]

Electorate 41,206

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Allen Jowitt 18,252 50.8 +20.7
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 17,685 49.2 -2.1
Majority 567 1.6 22.8
Turnout 87.2 +13.1
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +11.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: The Hartlepools[14]

Electorate 39,578

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 13,003 51.3
Liberal
  1. Charles Macfarlane
7,647 30.1
Labour William John Sherwood 4,733 18.6
Majority 5,356 21.2
Turnout 64.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, Harlepool elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ http://www.hartlepool.gov.uk/download/5989/parliamentary_notice_of_poll
  4. ^ "UK > England > North East > Hartlepool". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.

Coordinates: 54°39′N 1°16′W / 54.650°N 1.267°W / 54.650; -1.267