Hartlepool (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hartlepool
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hartlepool in Cleveland.
Outline map
Location of Cleveland within England.
County County Durham
Electorate 70,010 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1970
Member of Parliament Iain Wright (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from South Durham
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Hartlepool /ˈhɑrtˌlɨpʉl/ is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 1] which has elected a Labour member to serve it since 1964. In the most recent general election (2010) the Conservative candidate achieved second place and the Liberal Democrat's candidate polled 13.3% less than the party achieved in the 2005 election.

Boundaries[edit]

The seat is currently coterminous with the borough of Hartlepool, which has close to the average population for a UK parliamentary constituency. The seat includes the town of Hartlepool itself and the nearby villages of Hart, Elwick, Greatham, Newton Bewley and Dalton Piercy. Before 1974 the seat was known as The Hartlepools (reflecting the representation of both 'old' Hartlepool and West Hartlepool).

History[edit]

The constituency had previously substantially been in the constituency of The Hartlepools. It became the constituency of Hartlepool in 1974.

Since its creation Hartlepool has been a Labour constituency, although its predecessor did have Conesrvative MPs both in the early 1960s and during the Second World War. In the 1992 general election, Edward Leadbitter stood down and was succeeded by the former Labour Director of Communications Peter Mandelson. Mandelson's pivotal role in the reshaping of the Labour Party into New Labour has attracted much attention and he has become a prominent target. During the first term of office of the Labour government he was twice appointed to the Cabinet and twice forced to resign amid controversial small scandals. In the 2001 general election, there was a prominent contest when the former leader of the National Union of Mineworkers and current leader of the Socialist Labour Party, Arthur Scargill stood, hoping to exploit uneasiness about "New Labour" in the traditional Labour heartlands. In the event, Mandelson held his seat, while Scargill polled only 912 votes. Mandelson shocked many with a highly triumphalist victory speech in which he declared "They underestimated Hartlepool, and they underestimated me, because I am a fighter and not a quitter!"[1].

The following year, the town's first direct Mayoral election generated surprise when the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., H'Angus the Monkey (real name Stuart Drummond) was elected on a platform that included free bananas for schoolchildren.

Mandelson quit his role as MP for Hartlepool when he was appointed as a European Commissioner in the summer of 2004. This triggered a by-election that took place on 30 September 2004. The Hartlepool by-election was the last before the 2005 general election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Political party Offices held
1974 Edward Leadbitter Labour
1992 Peter Mandelson Labour Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (11 October 1999 – 24 January 2001),
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (27 July 1998 – 23 December 1998),
Minister without Portfolio (2 May 1997 – 27 July 1998)
2004 by-election Iain Wright Labour Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for 14–19 Reform and Apprenticeships (9 June 2009 – 11 May 2010)

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Hartlepool[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Wright 16,267 42.5 −9.0
Conservative Alan Wright 10,758 28.1 +16.7
Liberal Democrat Reg Clark 6,533 17.1 -13.3
UKIP Stephen Allison 2,682 7.0 +3.5
BNP Ronnie Bage 2,002 5.2 N/A
Majority 5,509 14.4
Turnout 38,242 55.5 +4.2
Labour hold Swing -12.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Wright 18,251 51.5 +10.8
Liberal Democrat Jody Dunn 10,773 30.4 +15.4
Conservative Amanda Vigar 4,058 11.5 +1.3
UKIP George Springer 1,256 3.5
Socialist Labour Frank Harrison 373 1.1 +0.8
Green Iris Ryder 288 0.8
Independent John Hobbs 275 0.8
Monster Raving Loony Headbanger (Sausage Supremo) Headbanger 162 0.5
Majority 7,478 21.1
Turnout 35,436 51.5 -4.3
Labour hold Swing −11.5
By-election 2004: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Iain Wright 12,752 40.7 -18.5
Liberal Democrat Jody Dunn 10,719 34.2 +19.2
UKIP Stephen Allison 3,193 10.2
Conservative Jeremy Middleton 3,044 9.7 -11.1
Respect John Bloom 572 1.8
Green Iris Ryder 255 0.8
National Front Jim Starkey 246 0.8
Independent (Fathers 4 Justice) Peter Watson 139 0.4
Socialist Labour Christopher Herriot 95 0.3 -2.1
Common Good Rev Dick Rodgers 91 0.3
Independent Philip Berriman 90 0.3
Monster Raving Loony Alan Hope 80 0.3
Independent (Rainbow) Ronnie Carroll 45 0.1
English Democrats Ed Abrams 41 0.1
Majority 2,033 6.5
Turnout 31,362 45.77
Labour hold Swing -11.5
General Election 2001: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Mandelson 22,506 59.1 -1.6
Conservative Gus Alberto Robinson 7,935 20.9 -0.5
Liberal Democrat Nigel Boddy 5,717 15.0 +1.0
Socialist Labour Arthur Scargill 912 2.4 N/A
Independent Ian John Henry Cameron 557 1.5 N/A
Independent John Richard Booth 424 1.1 N/A
Majority 14,571 38.2
Turnout 38,051 55.8 -9.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Mandelson 26,997 60.7 +8.9
Conservative Michael Horsley 9,489 21.3 -13.5
Liberal Democrat Reginald Clark 6,248 14.1 +0.8
Referendum Party Maureen Henderson 1,718 3.9
Majority 17,508 39.4
Turnout 44,452 65.65
Labour hold Swing +11.2
General Election 1992: Hartlepool[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Peter Mandelson 26,816 51.9 +3.4
Conservative Graham M. Robb 18,034 34.9 +1.0
Liberal Democrat Ian John Henry Cameron 6,860 13.3 −0.8
Majority 8,782 17.0 +2.4
Turnout 51,710 76.1 +3.1
Labour hold Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 24,296 48.5 +3.0
Conservative P.C. Catchpole 17,007 33.9 -5.3
SDP–Liberal Alliance A. Preece 7,047 14.1 -1.3
Independent I.J.H Cameron 1,786 3.6
Majority 7,289 14.5
Turnout 50,136 73.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 22,048 45.5 -9.9
Conservative F. Rogers 18,958 39.2 +1.3
Social Democratic N. Bertram 7,422 15.3 +8.6
Majority 3,090 6.3
Turnout 48,434 69.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,039 55.1 +3.4
Conservative K. Miller 18,887 38.4 +3.4
Liberal C. Abbott 3,193 6.5 -6.9
Majority 8,162 16.6 -0.1
Turnout 49,109 74.7 +2.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 24,440 51.7 -2.6
Conservative NH Freeman 16,546 35.0 -10.7
Liberal L Tostevin 6,314 13.4
Majority 7,894 16.7 +8.1
Turnout 47300 72.4 -4.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hartlepool
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 26,988 54.3 -3.6
Conservative NH Freeman 22,700 45.7 +3.5
Majority 4,288 8.6 -6.8
Turnout 49,688 76.9 +2.5
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, Harlepool elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ http://www.hartlepool.gov.uk/download/5989/parliamentary_notice_of_poll
  4. ^ "UK > England > North East > Hartlepool". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 

Coordinates: 54°39′N 1°16′W / 54.650°N 1.267°W / 54.650; -1.267