Ar-Rashid (12th century)
|30th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
|Reign||1135 to 1136|
|Died||6 June 1138|
Like his father, al-Mustarshid, ar-Rashid made another failed attempt at independence from Seljuq Turks. To avenge his father's death, he insulted the Sultan Mas'ud's envoy who came to demand a heavy largess, incited the mob to plunder his palace, and then, supported by Zengi, who was equally hostile to Sultan because of the murder of Dubeis, set up a rival Sultan. Mas'ud hastened to the rebellious capital and laid siege to it. Baghdad, well defended by the river and its canals, resisted the attack; but in the end the Caliph and Zengi, hopeless of success, escaped to Mosul. The Sultan's power restored, a council was held, the Caliph deposed, and his uncle, son of Al-Muqtafi, appointed as the new Caliph.
- This text is adapted from William Muir's 1924 book The Caliphate: Its Rise, Decline, and Fall, which is in the public domain.
Cadet branch of the Banu HashimBorn: 1109 Died: 1138
|Sunni Islam titles|
|Caliph of Islam
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