Harvard Crimson football
|Harvard Crimson football|
|Head coach||Tim Murphy
17th year, 108–57 (.655)
|Home stadium||Harvard Stadium|
|All-time record||829–383–50 (.677)|
|Postseason bowl record||1–0–0|
|Claimed national titles||7|
Crimson and Black
|Fight song||Ten Thousand Men of Harvard|
The Harvard Crimson football program represents Harvard University in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA). Harvard's football program is one of the oldest in the world, having begun competing in the sport in 1873. The Crimson has a legacy that includes 9 national championships and 20 College Football Hall of Fame inductees, including the first African-American college football player William H. Lewis, Huntington "Tack" Hardwick, Barry Wood, Percy Haughton, and Eddie Mahan. Harvard is the eighth winningest team in NCAA Division I football history.
Early history 
The Harvard Crimson was one of the dominant forces in the early days of intercollegiate football, winning 9 college football national championships between 1890 and 1919. In both 1919 and 1920, headed by All-American brothers Arnold Horween and Ralph Horween (who also attended Harvard Law School), Harvard was undefeated (9–0–1, as they outscored their competition 229–19, and 8–0–1, respectively). The team won the 1920 Rose Bowl against the University of Oregon, 7–6. It was the only bowl appearance in Harvard history.
In the forty-year period from 1889 to 1928, Harvard had more than 80 first-team All-American selections. Under head coach Percy Haughton, Harvard had three consecutive undefeated seasons from 1912 to 1914, including two perfect seasons in 1912 and 1913.
Harvard's claims the following national championships:
NCAA Division I subdivision split 
The NCAA decided to split Division I into two subdivisions in 1978, then called I-A for larger schools, and I-AA for the smaller ones. The NCAA had devised the split, in part, with the Ivy League in mind, but the conference did not move down for four seasons despite the fact that there were many indications that the ancient eight were on the wrong side of an increasing disparity between the big and small schools. In 1982, the NCAA created a rule that stated a program's average attendance must be at least 15,000 to qualify for I-A membership. This forced the conference's hand, as only some of the member schools met the attendance qualification. Choosing to stay together rather than stand their ground separately in the increasingly competitive I-A subdivision, the Ivy League moved down into I-AA starting with the 1982 season.
Recent history 
Since the formation of the Ivy League, Harvard has won 14 Ivy League championships in 1961 (6–3–0), 1966 (8–1–0), 1968 (8–0–1), 1974 (7–2–0), 1975 (7–2–0), 1982 (7–3–0), 1983 (6–2–2), 1987 (8–2–0), 1997 (9–1–0), 2001 (9–0–0), 2004 (10–0–0), 2007 (8–2–0), 2008 (9–1–0), 2011 (9–1–0).
Harvard–Yale football rivalry 
Harvard and Yale have been competing against each other in football since 1875. The annual rivalry game between the two schools, known as "The Game", is played in November at the end of the football season. As of 2009, Yale led the series 65–53–8. The Game is the second oldest continuing rivalry and also the third most-played rivalry game in college football history, after the Lehigh–Lafayette Rivalry (1884) and the Princeton–Yale game (1873). Sports Illustrated On Campus rated the Harvard–Yale rivalry the sixth-best in college athletics in 2003. In 2006, Yale ended a five-game losing streak against Harvard, winning 34–13. That Harvard winning streak was third longest in the history of the series, after Yale's 1902–1907 six-game winning streak and Yale's 1880–1889 eight-game winning streak. Harvard has since beaten Yale in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012. The Game is significant for historical reasons as the rules of The Game soon were adopted by other schools. Football's rules, conventions, and equipment, as well as elements of "atmosphere" such as the mascot and fight song, include many elements pioneered or nurtured at Harvard and Yale.
Harvard Stadium 
Harvard Stadium is a horseshoe-shaped football stadium in the Allston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States. The stadium is an important historic landmark. Built in 1903 it is the nation's oldest stadium. It was also the world's first massive reinforced-concrete structure, and considered at the time of construction to be the 'finest structure of its kind in the world'. Amazingly, the structure was completed in just six months, mainly by the efforts of Harvard students, and for a budget of $200,000. Thus 'the stadium represents the thought, the money, the ideas, the planning, and the manual labor of Harvard men'. As such, it is one of four athletic arenas distinguished as a National Historic Landmark (the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Rose Bowl and the Yale Bowl are the other three). The stadium seats 30,323. Temporary steel stands were added in the stadiums to expand capacity to 57,166 until 1951. Afterward, there were smaller temporary stands until the building of the Murr Center (which is topped by the new scoreboard) in 1998. In 2006, Harvard installed both FieldTurf and lights.
Head coaching history 
|Frank A. Mason||1886||12||2||0||.857|
|George A. Stewart & George C. Adams||1890–1892||34||2||0||.944|
|George A. Stewart & Everett J. Lake||1893||12||1||0||.923|
|William A. Brooks||1894||11||2||0||.846|
|No Head Coach for 1st 6 games||1895||6||0||0||1.000|
|Robert W. Emmons||1895||1||1||0||.500|
|Lorin F. Deland||1895||1||1||1||.500|
|William Cameron Forbes||1897–1898||21||1||1||.935|
|Bill Reid||1901, 1905–1906||30||3||1||.897|
College Football Hall of Fame inductees 
|Eddie Casey||Halfback||1916, 1919||1968|
|Charles Dudley Daly||Quarterback||1898–1902||1951|
|Hamilton Fish III||Tackle||1907–1909||1954|
|Huntington Hardwick||End, Halfback||1912–1914||1954|
|William H. Lewis||Center||1888–1893||2009|
Harvard players in the NFL 
|Joe Azelby||Linebacker||1984||Buffalo Bills|
|Matt Birk||Center||1998–2013||Minnesota Vikings, Baltimore Ravens|
|Desmond Bryant||Defensive tackle||2009 – present||Oakland Raiders, Cleveland Browns|
|Stanley Burnham||TB-BB||1925||Frankford Yellow Jackets|
|Roger Caron||Tackle||1985–1986||Indianapolis Colts|
|Eddie Casey||Halfback||1920||Buffalo All-Americans|
|Charlie Clark||Guard||1924||Chicago Cardinals|
|Bill Craven||Defensive back||1976||Cleveland Browns|
|Harrie Dadmun||Guard, tackle||1920–1921||Canton Bulldogs, New York Brickley Giants|
|Clifton Dawson||Running back||2007–2008||Cincinnati Bengals, Indianapolis Colts|
|John Dockery||Defensive back||1968–1973||New York Jets, Pittsburgh Steelers|
|Chris Eitzmann||Tight end||2000||New England Patriots|
|Carl Etelman||B||1926||Providence Steam Roller|
|Earl Evans||Tackle, guard||1925–1929||Chicago Cardinals, Chicago Bears|
|Ryan Fitzpatrick||Quarterback||2005 – present||St. Louis Rams, Cincinnati Bengals, Buffalo Bills|
|Herman Gundlach||Guard||1935||Boston Redskins|
|Arnold Horween||B||1921–1924||Racine Cardinals, Chicago Cardinals|
|Ralph Horween||B||1921–1923||Chicago Cardinals|
|Dan Jiggetts||Tackle, guard||1976–1982||Chicago Bears|
|Isaiah Kacyvenski||Linebacker||2000–2006||Seattle Seahawks, St. Louis Rams|
|Dick King||Fullback, halfback||1917–1923||Pine Village, Hammond Pros, Milwaukee Badgers, Rochester Jeffersons, St. Louis All-Stars|
|Bobby Leo||Running back, wide receiver||1967–1968||Boston Patriots|
|Joe McGlone||BB||1926||Providence Steam Roller|
|Pat McInally||Wide receiver, punter||1976–1985||Cincinnati Bengals|
|Al Miller||Fullback, halfback||1929||Boston Bulldogs|
|Joe Murphy||Guard||1920–1921||Canton Bulldogs, Cleveland Indians|
|Joe Pellegrini||Guard, center||1982–1986||New York Jets, Atlanta Falcons|
|Red Steele||End||1921||Canton Bulldogs|
|Rich Szaro||Kicker||1975–1979||New Orleans Saints, New York Jets|
Since the first All-American team was selected by Casper Whitney in 1889, more than 100 Harvard football players have been selected as first-team All-Americans. Consensus All-Americans are noted below with bold typeface.
- 1889: Arthur Cumnock (end), John Cranston (guard), James Lee (halfback)
- 1890: Frank Hallowell (end), Marshall Newell (tackle), John Cranston (center), Dudley Dean (quarterback), John Corbett (halfback)
- 1891: Marshall Newell (tackle), Everett J. Lake (halfback)
- 1892: Frank Hallowell (end), Marshall Newell (tackle), Bert Waters (guard), William H. Lewis (center), Charley Brewer (fullback)
- 1893: Marshall Newell (tackle), William H. Lewis (center), Charley Brewer (fullback)
- 1894: Bert Waters (tackle), Mackie (guard), Wrenn (quarterback)
- 1895: Norman Cabot (end), Charley Brewer (fullback)
- 1896: Norman Cabot (end), Percy Haughton (tackle), N. Shaw (guard), Edgar Wrightington (halfback), Dunlop (Harvard)
- 1897: Moulton (end), George W. Bouve (guard), Allan Doucette (center), Benjamin Dibblee (fullback)
- 1898: John Hallowell (end), Cochran (end), Percy Haughton (tackle), Walter Boal (guard), Charles Dudley Daly (quarterback), Benjamin Dibblee (halfback), Warren (halfback), Reid (fullback)
- 1899: Dave Campbell (end), Donald (tackle), Charles Dudley Daly (quarterback), Sarwin (halfback)
- 1900: John Hallowell (end), Dave Campbell (end), Charles Dudley Daly (quarterback), Sarwin (halfback)
- 1901: Edward Bowditch (end), Dave Campbell (end), Oliver Cutts (tackle), Crawford Blagdon (tackle), William Lee (guard), Charles A. Barnard (guard), Sargeant (center), Robert Kernan (halfback), Thomas Graydon (fullback)
- 1902: Edward Bowditch (end), Thomas Graydon (fullback)
- 1903: Edward Bowditch (end), Daniel Knowlton (tackle), Andrew Marshall (guard), Henry Schoellkopf (fullback)
- 1904: Daniel Hurley (halfback)
- 1905: Karl Brill (tackle), Beaton Squires (tackle), Francis Burr (guard), Daniel Hurley (halfback)
- 1906: Charles Osborne (tackle), Francis Burr (guard), Harry Kersberg (guard), Bartol Parker (center), John Wendell (fullback)
- 1907: Patrick Grant (center), John Wendell (halfback)
- 1908: Brown (end), Hamilton Fish III (tackle), McKay (tackle), Hoar (guard), Hamilton Corbett (halfback), Charles Nourse (center), Cutler (quarterback), Ernest Ver Wiebe (halfback),
- 1909: Hamilton Corbett (halfback), Hamilton Fish III (tackle), Wayland Minot (halfback)
- 1910: Hamilton Corbett (halfback), L.D. Smith (end), Lewis (end), Robert McKay (tackle), Ted Withington (tackle), Robert Fisher (guard), Wayland Minot (guard), Percy Wendell (halfback)
- 1911: Smith (end), Bob Fisher (guard), Percy Wendell (halfback)
- 1912: Sam Felton (end), Bob Storer (tackle), Stan Pennock (guard), Gardner (quarterback), Charles Brickley (halfback), Percy Wendell (fullback), Huntington "Tack" Hardwick (fullback)
- 1913: O'Brien (end), Harvey Rexford Hitchcock, Jr. (tackle), Robert Treat Paine Storer (tackle), Stan Pennock (guard), Eddie Mahan (halfback), Charles Brickley (fullback)
- 1914: Huntington Hardwick (end), Walter Trumbull (tackle), Stan Pennock (guard), Eddie Mahan (halfback), Frederick Bradlee (halfback)
- 1915: Joseph Gilman (tackle), Richard King (halfback), Eddie Mahan (fullback)
- 1916: Richard Harte (end), Harrie Dadmun (guard), Eddie Casey (halfback)
- 1919: Bob Sedgwick (guard), Eddie Casey (halfback)
- 1920: Bob Sedgwick (tackle), Tom Woods (guard), James Tolbert (guard), Arnold Horween (fullback)
- 1921: C.C. Macomber (end), John Brown (guard), George Owen (halfback)
- 1922: Charles Hubbard (guard), Charles Buell (quarterback), George Owen (halfback)
- 1923: Charles Hubbard (guard)
- 1929: Ben Ticknor (center)
- 1930: Ben Ticknor (center)
- 1931: Irad Hardy (tackle), Barry Wood (quarterback)
- 1932: Irad Hardy (tackle)
- 1975 (Division I-AA) – Dan Jiggets (offensive tackle)
- 1982 (Division I-AA) – Michael Corbat (offensive guard)
See also 
- "Harvard Football National Championships". Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records". National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. pp. 62–63. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- "NCAA Football Championship Subdivision Records". National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009. p. 172. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book. Indianapolis, IN: National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2009-08. pp. 78–79. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "Horween, Ralph". Jews In Sports @ Virtual Museum. Archived from the original on April 11, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- "Horween, Arnold". Jews In Sports @ Virtual Museum. March 3, 2013. Archived from the original on April 11, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
- Jack Cavanaugh (2010). The Gipper: George Gipp, Knute Rockne, and the Dramatic Rise of Notre Dame Football. Skyhorse Publishing. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- The New York Times Biographical Service. New York Times & Arno Press. 1997. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Ralph Goldstein (May 29, 1997). "Ralph Horween, 100, the Oldest Ex-N.F.L. Player". New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- Dale Richard Perelman (2012). "Centenarians". Retrieved March 21, 2013.
- "A League First: Former Player Turns 100". New York Times. August 4, 1996. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- "Media Center: Harvard Crimson Football All-American Selections". GoCrimson.com.
- "Harvard Yearly Results (1910–1914)". College Football Data Warehouse.
- Mark F. Bernstein, Football: The Ivy League Origins of an American Obsession
- "Harvard Composite Championship Listing". College Football Data Warehouse.
- Thomas G. Bergin (1984). The Game: The Harvard-Yale Football Rivalry, 1875–1983. Yale University Press.
- Bernard M. Corbett and Paul Simpson (2004). The Only Game That Matters. Crown. ISBN 1-4000-5068-5.
- "Harvard's Great Stadium". New York Times. November 22, 1903.
- "Harvard Stadium History". Harvard Crimson.
- "Harvard Stadium: Home of Harvard Football and Lacrosse Harvard Stadium Notes". Harvard University.
- "Harvard Stadium Football History". Harvard University.
- "Harvard Coaching Records". College Football Data Warehouse.
- "Hall of Fame Inductee Search". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- "Harvard Players/Alumni". pro-football-reference.com.
- Grantland Rice (July 6, 1949). "Hardwick of Harvard". Miami Daily News.
- Knobler, Mike (December 1, 1982). "Harvard's Corbat Named To All-America Team | Sports | The Harvard Crimson". Thecrimson.com. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Harvard : Media Center: Harvard Crimson Football All-American Selections". Gocrimson.com. Retrieved October 22, 2012.