Harvard Graduate School of Design
|Harvard Graduate School of Design|
|Established||1874 (First courses taught)
1936 (GSD established)
161 (Urban Planning)
182 (Landscape Architecture)
173 (Doctoral/Design Studies)
|Location||Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States|
The Harvard Graduate School of Design (also known as The GSD) is a professional graduate school at Harvard University, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. The GSD offers masters and doctoral programs in architecture, urban planning, landscape architecture, and design studies.
The GSD is recognized as one of the world's top design schools, and is consistently ranked number one in North America. The GSD has over 13,000 alumni and has graduated many famous architects, urban planners, and landscape architects. The school is considered a global academic leader in the design fields.
The GSD has the world's oldest landscape architecture program (founded in 1893), and North America's oldest urban planning program (founded in 1900). Architecture courses were first taught at Harvard University in 1874. The Graduate School of Design was officially established in 1936, combining the three fields of architecture, urban planning, and landscape architecture under one graduate school.
The market value of the school's endowment for the fiscal year 2013 was approximately $396 million.
- 1 History
- 2 Degree programs
- 3 Student enrollment
- 4 Research and publications
- 5 Campus
- 6 Distinguished alumni and faculty
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Charles Eliot Norton brought the first architecture classes to Harvard University in 1874. By 1893, courses dedicated exclusively to architecture were offered and by 1895, an architecture degree was established. The Faculty of Architecture was established in 1913.
In 1900, the first urban planning courses were taught at Harvard University, and by 1909, urban planning was added into Harvard's design curriculum. In 1923, North America's first urban planning degree was established at Harvard. In 1980, the program was temporarily moved to the Harvard Kennedy School of Government until it returned to the GSD in 1984.
In 1893, the nation's first professional course in landscape architecture was offered at Harvard University. In 1900, the world's first landscape architecture program was established by Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. and Arthur A. Shurcliff. The School of Landscape Architecture was established in 1913.
Establishment of the Harvard Graduate School of Design
The three major design professions (architecture, urban planning, and landscape architecture) were officially united in 1936 to form the Harvard Graduate School of Design. In 1937, Walter Gropius joined the GSD faculty as chair of the Department of Architecture and brought modern designers, including Marcel Breuer to help revamp the curriculum.
In 1960, Josep Lluís Sert established the nation's first Urban Design program. George Gund Hall, which is the present iconic home GSD, opened in 1972 and was designed by Australian architect and GSD graduate John Andrews. The school's now defunct Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis (LCGSA) is widely recognized as the research/development environment from which the now-commercialized technology of geographic information systems (GIS) emerged in the late 1960s and 1970s. More recent research initiatives include the Design Robotics Group, a unit that investigates new material systems and fabrication technologies in the context of architectural design and construction.
Deans of the Harvard Graduate School of Design
|Josep Lluís Sert||1953-1969||Architect and urban planner|
|Maurice D. Kilbridge||1969-1980||Urban planner|
|Gerald M. McCue||1980-1992||Architect|
|Peter G. Rowe||1992-2005||Architect|
|Alan A. Altshuler||2005-2008||Urban planner|
The degrees granted in the masters programs include the Master of Architecture (M.Arch.), Master in Landscape Architecture (MLA), Master of Architecture in Urban Design (MAUD), Master of Landscape Architecture in Urban Design (MLAUD), Master in Urban Planning (MUP), Master in Design Studies (M.Des.) in more than eight concentrations. The school offers a doctoral degree, Doctor of Design (D.Des.), and jointly administers a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in architecture, urban planning, and landscape architecture with the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
- Master of Architecture (M.Arch.)
- Master in Urban Planning (MUP)
- Master of Landscape Architecture (MLA)
- Master of Architecture in Urban Design (MAUD)
- Master of Landscape Architecture in Urban Design (MLAUD)
- Master in Design Studies (M.Des.)
- Doctor of Design (D.Des.)
- Doctor of Philosophy in Architecture, Urban Planning, and Landscape Architecture (PhD)
The publication Design Intelligence has ranked the GSD No.1 amongst design schools in North America every year for the past 13 years, except in 2011.
Executive Education operates within GSD providing continuing education classes, they are located at 7 Sumner Rd. Advanced Management Development Program in Real Estate (AMDP) is a six week executive development course. The program is open to established professionals with 15+ years of experience in real estate. Upon graduating from AMDP, participants are full-fledged Harvard University Alumni. As of 2013, AMDP is in its 13th year.
The other large program organized by Executive Education is summer Open Enrollment. In 2013, Executive Education held 18 classes throughout the month of July. Each class lasts from 1 to 3 days and is eligible for continuing education credits through American Institute of Architects, American Society of Landscape Architects and/or American Planning Association. Open Enrollment classes are open to everyone, though basic knowledge of the subject is recommended.
As of 2012-2013, there were 878 students enrolled. 362 students or 42% were enrolled in architecture, 182 students or 21% in landscape architecture, 161 students or 18% in urban planning, and 173 students or 20% in doctoral or design studies programs. Approximately, 65% of students were Americans. The average student is 27 years old.
Admission to the GSD is highly competitive. In 2013, the GSD received 2,164 applications for approximately 330 spots.
Research and publications
In addition to its degree programs, the GSD administers the Loeb Fellowship, and numerous research initiatives such as the Zofnass Program for Sustainable Infrastructure. The school publishes the bi-annual Harvard Design Magazine, Platform, and other design books and studio works.
Design Research Labs
The GSD Design Labs synthesize theoretical and applied knowledge through research with the intent to enable design to be an agent of change in society. There are seven current labs: Material Processes and Systems Group; Energy, Environments and Design; New Geographies Lab; Responsive Environments and Artifacts Lab; Social Agency Lab; Urban Theory Lab; Geometry Lab.
The GSD campus is located northeast of Harvard Yard and across the street from Memorial Hall. Gund Hall is the main building of the GSD, and it houses most of the student space and faculty offices. Other nearby buildings include space for the school's Design Research Labs, faculty offices, the Loeb Fellowship program office, and research space for students, including those in the M.Des. and D.Des. programs.
Gund Hall is the main building, which has studio spaces and offices for approximately 800 students and more than 100 faculty and staff, lecture and seminar rooms, workshops and darkrooms, an audiovisual center, computer facilities, Chauhaus, the cafeteria, a project room, Piper Auditorium, and the Frances Loeb Library. The central studio space, also known as the Trays, extends through five levels under a stepped, clear-span roof. Gund Hall has a yard that comprises a basketball court and is often used for events, as an exhibition area for class projects, and as the setting for commencement ceremonies.
Frances Loeb Library
The Frances Loeb Library, is the main library of the Graduate School of Design. The library has a collection of over 300,000 books and journals. It also has a Materials and Visual Resources Department, and the Special Collections Department, which houses the GSD's rare books and manuscript collection.
The Fabrication Lab has both traditional tools and state-of-the-art technology available for model making and prototyping to faculty research and student course work. The Fabrication Lab has a full wood shop, metals shop, printing labs, 3D printing, CNC tools, robotic machines, laser cutter machines, etc.
Distinguished alumni and faculty
As of 2013, the GSD has over 13,000 alumni in 96 countries. The GSD had 77 faculty members and 129 visiting faculty members. 45% of the faculty members were born outside of the United States.
- Christopher Alexander, architect, co-author of A Pattern Language
- John Andrews, designer of the GSD's Gund Hall
- Edward Larrabee Barnes, prolific Modernist architect
- Christopher Charles Benninger, architect
- Henry N. Cobb
- Jack Dangermond
- Shaun Donovan, current Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- Garrett Eckbo, modernist landscape architect
- Danny Forster, architect and television host
- Frank Gehry, Pritzker Prize Laureate, awarded honorary doctorate, studied urban planning
- Michael Graves
- Lawrence Halprin, landscape architect
- John Hejduk
- Charles Jencks, landscape architect and architectural theorist
- Mitchell Joachim
- Philip Johnson, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Grant Jones, landscape architect
- Dan Kiley, modernist landscape architect
- Philip Lewis, landscape architect
- Fumihiko Maki, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Thom Mayne, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Ian McHarg, landscape planner, GIS development
- Cornelia Oberlander, landscape architect
- Michele Michahelles, Paris-based architect, led restoration of Les Invalides
- Roger Montgomery, first HUD Urban Designer, dean at U.C. Berkeley
- Michel Mossessian, architect, Design Principal and Founder of mossessian & partners
- Farshid Moussavi
- Richard T. Murphy, Jr.
- Eliot Noyes
- IM Pei, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Monica Ponce de Leon
- Joshua Prince-Ramus
- Paul Rudolph
- Hideo Sasaki, landscape architect, former department chair, founder of Sasaki Associates and Sasaki Walker Associates
- Harry Seidler
- Ken Smith (architect)，landscape architect, educator
- Edward Durell Stone, Modernist architect
- Edward Durell Stone, Jr., landscape architect, founder of EDSA
- Yoshio Taniguchi
- Kongjian Yu, landscape architect, educator, founder of Turenscape, Peking
- Alejandro Zaera-Polo
- Bruno Zevi, architect, critic, and historian
- Jeanne Gang
Martin Bechthold, Professor of Architectural Technology
- Preston Scott Cohen, Chair of the Department of Architecture
- Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, Herzog & de Meuron, Pritzker Prize Laureates
- K. Michael Hays, Professor, Author, Historian
- Wes Jones
- Rem Koolhaas, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Sanford Kwinter, Professor, Author, Theorist
- Rodolfo Machado (emeritus), Machado and Silvetti
- Rahul Mehrotra, Chair of the Department of Urban Planning and Design
- Rafael Moneo, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Mohsen Mostafavi, Dean
- Farshid Moussavi
- Lars Muller
- Antoine Picon
- Martha Schwartz
- Jorge Silvetti, Machado and Silvetti
- John R Stilgoe
- Michael Van Valkenburgh
- Krzysztof Wodiczko
Notable former faculty
- Barbara Bestor.
- Kenneth John Conant
- Walter Gropius, founder of Bauhaus
- Marcel Breuer
- Martin Wagner, German architect and housing expert
- Sigfried Giedion, author of the highly influential history Space, Time and Architecture
- Josep Lluis Sert, dean of the GSD from 1953-1969 and often credited with being instrumental in bringing modernist architecture to the United States
- Henry N. Cobb, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners, designer of John Hancock Towerin Boston
- Gerhard Kallmann, Kallmann & McKinnell, designer of Boston City Hall
- Moshe Safdie, designer of Habitat
- J. B. Jackson, vernacular American landscape writer
- Rick Joy, Visiting Professor
- Zaha Hadid, Pritzker Prize Laureate
- Michael McKinnell, Kallmann & McKinnell, designer of Boston City Hall
- Christopher Tunnard, landscape architect
- Peter Walker, landscape architect
- Monica Ponce de Leon
- Bjarke Ingels, Visiting Professor
- Joshua Prince-Ramus, Visiting Professor
- George Hargreaves, landscape architect
- John Wilson (sculptor)
- . gsd.harvard.edu. Retrieved on 2012-04-03.
- "Doctoral Programs". Harvard Graduate School of Design. Harvard University. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Harvard Graduate School of Design Executive Education". Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Advanced Management Development Program". Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Harvard Graduate School of Design Executive Education Programs". Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Emily Young, Building a Name for Herself, The Los Angeles Times, March 14, 2002
- "Judges 2009 Bjarke Ingels". World Architecture Festival. Retrieved 2009-10-20.