John Harvey & Sons
|Key people||John Harvey|
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John Harvey & Sons was a wine merchant, started by John Harvey in Bristol, England in 1796, and specializing in importing Spanish and Portuguese wines. During the 1860s and 1880s, in the company's cellars John Harvey II (son of John Harvey) and his brother Edward Harvey developed the world’s first cream sherry now known as Harvey's Bristol Cream. The blend starts with wines from fifty different soleras, including three sherry types: Fino, Amontillado, and Oloroso. Finally some Pedro Ximénez wine is added for sweetness, and for the richness and creaminess that is the hallmark of the style. The Harvey's Bristol Cream brand is now owned and produced by the American company Beam Inc..
A slice of lemon or lime is often added, especially in warmer weather; the acidity of citrus cuts back the sweetness. Since its inception it became the most famous and best selling sherry in the world. Up to 1960 they purchased wines in Jerez and shipped them to Bristol, England for aging and blending. The business grew from strength to strength and over the years they began buying their own vineyards in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain, so they could protect the quality of their source material. They own the Estate Vineyards in Jerez Superior, and have exclusive use of the Palomino fruit.
Bristol Cream is a brand of Spanish sherry that has been imported into and bottled in Bristol, England since 1796 by John Harvey & Sons of Bristol. In the late 20th century, Harvey's began to sell Bristol cream in bottles made from Bristol blue glass. John Harvey's descendants have continued making Bristol cream throughout the 20th and 21st century. The company is now mainly in the hands of the youngest of John Harvey's current descendants. Joseph Harvey, son of John's great great great grandson, James Harvey, is currently in talks with Chinese, Korean and Japanese bottling companies.