Harvey, Western Australia
Stirling Cottage, just north of Harvey
|Population||2,606 (2006) |
|Elevation||247 m (810 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Harvey|
Although not positively known, the river is most likely named after Rear Admiral Sir John Harvey RN. In 1817–18, Harvey was Commander in Chief of the West Indies Station - Stirling served under him while in charge of the HMS Brazen, and Harvey recommended him for promotion. Stirling named a number of Western Australian features after his former navy colleagues.
According to Dr James Battye, Stirling selected 12,800 acres (51.8 km2) known as Wellington Location 50A and established the Harvey River Settlement. The only improvement he made to the land, as far as is known, was the erection of a hunting lodge near the present town of Harvey, known as "The Hut", featuring a shingled roof, jarrah walls and hexagonal paving blocks. In the 1880s, this hut became the childhood home of children's author May Gibbs MBE. Stirling called the area around the town of Harvey "Korijekup", using the Noongar Aboriginal name meaning "place of the Red-tailed Black Cockatoo".
The area was settled slowly over the remainder of the 1800s. During the 1860s, Australind, originally the site of a failed grandiose settlement scheme, was the centre of the Harvey District community. In 1863, a road was gazetted from Pinjarra to Brunswick Junction, which was built by convicts between 1864 and 1876 - it was called the "foothills route" and later became the South Western Highway.
Harvey was developed as a private town in the 1890s by a group of investors following the opening of a railway station there in 1893. However, Cookernup, little more than a railway stop today, had a greater population, and had a telegraph office and school years before Harvey.
The population of the town was 93 (66 males and 27 females) in 1898.
In 1926 the Harvey Road Board sought the declaration of a townsite, but this did not occur until 1938.
In February 2006, EG Green & Sons, the owner of the Harvey Beef brand since 1919 and responsible for about 90% of Western Australia's beef exports, went into administration. In April, however, the brand was rescued by a new consortium who acquired EG Green & Sons and recreated it as Harvey Industries.
The town is the seat of the Shire of Harvey and is the centre of the Western Australian dairy industry. It contains an agricultural college and the headquarters of both the Harvey Fresh (1986) and Harvey Beef (1919) brand names, and each year in April (previously October) hosts an agricultural show. In addition, a high school, a primary school, dining and shopping facilities, accommodation (hotel, motel, caravan park), council offices and the Forest Products Commission's Timber Technology Centre are located within the town.
The railway station contains a museum which documents early life in the town, and the Stirling Cottage (actually a replica of it built 500 m downstream from the original in 1994 after the original cottage succumbed to the elements in the 1960s)  has been converted into a tourist information centre and tearooms. An unusual feature is the Italian Internment Shrine, built by Italian internees of Harvey No. 11 Camp during World War II and believed to be one of the only monuments of its kind in existence.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Harvey (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names". Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- Shire of Harvey. "History". Retrieved 2006-10-01.[dead link]
- "POPULATION OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA.". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- ABC. "Landline - Harvey Beef". Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- Harvey Visitor Centre. "Business Listings - Stirlings Cottage". Archived from the original on 2006-08-21. Retrieved 2006-10-25. An abridged version of this text is on a sign outside the cottage.
|Preceding station||Transwa Trains network||Following station|