Harwood's francolin

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Harwood's francolin
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae
Genus: Pternistis
Species: P. harwoodi
Binomial name
Pternistis harwoodi
Blundell & Lovat, 1899
  • Francolinus harwoodi

The Harwood's francolin (Pternistis harwoodi) is a species of bird in the Phasianidae family. It is a grey-brown bird with red bill and tail, and red bare skin around the eyes. Both sexes have similar coloring, although the female is paler in color with a more extensive buff belly.[1]

This francolin is endemic to Ethiopia, having a range restricted to the Ethiopian highlands on either side of the Blue Nile river between Lake Tana and its confluence with the Jamma River, as well as its tributaries between these points. Originally thought to inhabit Typha beds growing along small, shallow watercourses and acacia thickets, studies in 1996 found F. harwoodi in a site with neither of these. It is threatened by habitat loss as population pressures force locals into the marginal scrublands favored by the bird as its habitat. F. harwoodi is heavily hunted for food and is sometimes also caught for sale at local markets; its eggs are also a food source.[2]


  1. ^ Nigel Redman, Terry Stevenson, and John Fanshawe, Birds of the Horn of Africa: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, and Socotra (Princeton: University Press, 2009), p. 126
  2. ^ BirdLife International 2008. Francolinus harwoodi. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.. Version 2010.2 Last accessed 22 July 2010.

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