The Haryana Police were formed when the state of Haryana was established after bifurcation from the state of Punjab on 1 November 1966. The organisation is governed by the "Punjab Police rules" which were framed in 1934 however the State Government passed its own police act in 2008. The same police practices being followed by police organisations in North India. At the time when the state of Haryana was established, the organisation had the responsibility for enforcement of the law in 6 district and had a strength of 12,165 personnel.
Horizontal Units of Haryana Police
For efficient organization, Haryana Police is structured into several horizontal unit that serve across the state across all Police Ranges (rural and mixed areas) and Police Commissionerates (large Urban-only areas):
CID is investigation and intelligence wing of the Haryana Police headed by a Director General of Police (DGP)-CID.
- Haryana Police Raj Bhavan Branch
- Haryana State Crime Branch
State Crime Branch is responsible for investigating serious and organized crimes, is headed by the Director General of Police (DGP)-Crime.
- Haryana Police, Telecommunications Branch
It is responsible for telecommunications and wireless infrastructure of police, is headed by the Inspector General of Police (IGP)-Telecomm.
- Haryana Police, Railways & Technical Services (RTS)
It is responsible for policing of railways infrastructure and commuters, is headed by the Inspector General of Police (IGP)-RTS.
- State Crime Record Bureau (SCRB)
It is responsible for maintaining crime records, is headed by the Director-SCRB.
- Haryana Police Academy (HPA)
It is responsible for training the police, is headed by the Director-HPA.
- Haryana Armed Police (HAP)
It supplies the head count for the police, is headed by aAdditional Director General of Police (ADGP)-HAP. Haryana Armed Police (HAP) has five Battalions each headed by a Commandant: 1st Battalion - Ambala, 2nd Battalion - Kernal, 3rd Battalion - Hisar, 4th Battalion - Kernal and 5th Battalion - Kernal.
- Haryana Police, Traffic & Highways (TH)
It is responsible for policing roads and highways, is headed by the Additional Inspector General of Police (AIG)-TH.
- Haryana Police - Police Training Centre (PTC), Sunaria, Rohtak
It is headed by aInspector General of Police (IGP)-PTC, Sunaria.
- Haryana Police, India Reserve Battalion (IRB), Bhondsi
It is headed by the Additional Director General of Police (ADGP)-IRB.
Geographical Units of Haryana Police
For better law enforcement and administration, the Haryana Police has divided the state into 4 Police Ranges (rural and mixed areas) and 3 Police Commissionerates (highly urban areas).
Each Police Range is further divided into Police divisions. A Police division is equivalent to a division is a Police District. Haryana state is divided into a number of districts. Each district is headed by a Superintendent of Police.
Each Police Division or district is sub-divided into Police Circle, each commanded by a Deputy Superintendent of Police. In the case of a district including large cities, two separate police districts are created, known as the City Police District, headed by a Commissioner, and the Rural District Police, headed by a Superintendent. Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the Police force in the district is the Senior Superintendent of Police who is always an officer of the Indian Police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the District Magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service.
A Police Circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the Police Circle/Sub-Division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.). A Police Circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 Police Stations.
Each Police Station is headed by a Police Inspector. Throughout the state, there is a main Police Station in the older/main part of the city known as the Kotwali or Sadar. The Kotwali or Sadar covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had lesser population than at present and they hadn't gown in size so much, the Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a Thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a Police Station is designated as or called as the Station Officer (S.O.) or Station House Officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various Sub-Inspectors, Assistant Sub-Inspectors, Head-Constables, Constables. There are also a number of Police Chowkis that come under the Police Station.
A Police Chowki (Permanent Neighborhood Police Post) is under the charge of a Sub-Inspector of Police or an Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police. They bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling. Each Police Chowki is divided into areas called beats regularly patrolled by lower rank police personnel e.g. constables.
There are a total of 4 Police ranges (rural and mixed areas) in the state of Haryana. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police. Each Police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts. The following are the Police ranges in Haryana.
- Hisar Range
- Karnal Range
- Rohtak Range
- South Range
A police commissionerate is a law enforcement body especially in the urban parts of the state. The commissionerate is headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) (equivalent to ASP). There are 3 commissionerates under Haryana Police:
- Gurgaon Commissionerate
- Faridabad Commissionerate