Haryanvi language

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Haryanvi
हरियाणवी
Native to India
Region Haryana, Delhi in India.
Native speakers
13 million  (1992)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Devanagari script, Nagari script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bgc
Glottolog hary1238[3]

Haryanvi (Devanagari: हरियाणवी hariyāṇvī or हरयाणवी harayāṇvī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is native to the regions of Haryana and Delhi of India. It is written using the Devanagiri script. It is also considered to be the northernmost dialect of Hindi. It is similar to Braj Bhasha[4] and has a ≈60% lexical similarity with Bagri language.[5] It is most widely spoken in the North Indian state of Haryana. The term Haryanvi is also used for people from Haryana.

Geographical distribution[edit]

Haryanvi is native to the Indian state of Haryana and Delhi. Haryanvi is spoken in various districts of Haryana. The people in the districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar, Sonipat, Hisar, Bhiwani and Jind speak the standard form of Haryanvi.

The districts adjoining Rajasthan speak different dialects with a Rajasthani intelligibility like Mewati in Mewat district, Another widely spoken dialect is Ahirwati of Ahirs which is spoken in Mahendragarh, Gurgaon and Rewari districts.

Bagri (which has high lexical similarity with Haryanvi dialects to the west) in southern parts of Fatehabad, Bhiwani, southern and western parts of Sirsa and Hisar districts.

Haryanvi mixed with Braj bhasha is spoken in Faridabad district. Haryanvi spoken in districts of Panipat and southern parts of Yamunanagar all along the Yamuna river is easier to understand for people outside Haryana.

Dialects[edit]

Regional variation in spoken Haryanvi constitutes a dialect continuum. Haryanvi dialects have lots of variation and sometimes it varies from village to village which may be just a few kilometers apart. Bangaru, also known as Haryanvi literally, is most widely spoken. Ahirs of Ahirwal belt in southern Haryana speak Haryanvi language similar to Rajasthani. Brahmans, Rors, and Kambojs usually speak the Khaddar dialect, which is a more northern form of Haryanvi and shares many similarities with Khariboli. Gujjars speak Gujri language.

Haryanvi belongs to the Western Hindi family of languages. It is usually understood to be a dialect of Hindi and not a separate language although it has more lexical similarity and legibility with Bagri dialect of Rajasthani. A few dialects of Haryanvi have many similarities with Khariboli, the prestige dialect of Hindi but several other dialects are quite dissimilar.

A very notable feature of this language includes its very aggressive tone, due to this reason it is sometimes referred in other parts of India as the "Lathmar" ("Beating with a stick") language.

Literature[edit]

There has not been a proper documentation of Haryanvi literature since most Haryanvi literary figures write in Standard Hindi, but the language has a long-standing oral tradition of folk songs.

Tau Sangi, Heeradas Udasi, Deepchand, Debising, Pt. Lakhami Chand, Baje Bhagat, Dhanpat, Mange Ram, Shriram Sharma, Rammehar, Taradatt vilxan, Dr. Pawan Kumar, Vikash Thakur and Bharatbhusan Sanghival have made a major contribution to Haryanvi literature. The works of Pt. Lakhami Chand, published by Haryana Sahitya Academy are also notable.

Haryanvi has a very rich culture in terms of folk songs that are called Raginis and folk dramas, known by the name of Saang. Surender Sharma is a very famous satirist, who initially told all his jokes in pure Haryanvi and most of his jokes have their origin in the rural culture of Haryana.

Sample sentences[edit]

Haryanvi Meaning
Tonn kitt jave se? Where are you going?
Tonn kay kare se? What are you doing?
Kae naam se tera? What is your name?
Kae khaaya tanne? What did you eat?
K chal rahya se? What's going on?
Manne koni beraa. I don't know.
K chakker hai ? What is your problem?
Kunn sa thod ka se tonn? What's the name of your place?
Ghara kaun kaun se? Who's at home?
Taara ghar kit si se? Where is your home?
Roti khali k? Had your breakfast/brunch/lunch/dinner?
K Haal se? How are you?
Manne tere te kahya ni tha I told you.
Yaa mhaari chhori se. She's my daughter.
Yoo mhaara chhora se He's my son.
Ton kad si aavega? When you will be coming?
Teri baatt dekhun tha. I was waiting for you.
Tera byaah ho ryaa se ke? Are you married?
Kunn si jagah kaanni chaalya tonn? Which city you are going to?
Urene aa. Come here.
hambe Yes/no both with expression
kade/kitod/kit/kinge where.
Chal chala ge lets move
chup r silent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haryanvi reference at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Haryanvi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgc
  5. ^ 56-70% lexical similarity with Haryanvi, http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgq

External links[edit]