Hasan al-Rammah

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Hasan al-Rammah (died 1295) was a Syrian chemist and engineer.

Life and works[edit]

Born in Syria, al-Rammah was the first Muslim chemist to successfully create and engineer modern explosives. Hasan al-Rammah included 107 gunpowder recipes. He improved upon the gunpowder that was invented in China. He was the first Muslim to invent explosive rockets. He also worked on torpedoes and made several contributions to their design and manufacture.[1][2]


  1. ^ Hinds, Joseph (23 February 2009). "Very, Very Early Torpedoes". Great History. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Williamson, Mitch (21 April 2013). "Hassan Al Rammah". Weapons and Warfare | Military History and Hardware. Retrieved 26 November 2013.