Hasan as-Senussi

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Hasan as-Senussi
Crown Prince of Libya
CP Hassan Reda-LF.jpg
Predecessor Idris I
Successor Prince Muhammad
Spouse Fawzia bint Tahir
House Senussi
Father Prince Muhammad al-Rida
Mother Imbaraika al-Fallatiyya
Born 1928
Tripoli, Libya
Died 28 April 1992(1992-04-28) (aged 64)
Westminster, UK
Burial Jannat al-Baqi, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Senussi (1928 – 28 April 1992) was the crown prince of the Kingdom of Libya from 26 October 1956 to 1 September 1969, when the monarchy was abolished.

Biography[edit]

Crown Prince Hasan (centre), to the left prime minister Abdul Majid Kubar and Taher Bakeer, Governor of Tripolitania
Crown Prince Hasan shaking hands with Hussein Maziq, governor of Cyrenaica. Wanis al-Qaddafi and General Buguaitin are standing behind the prince.

Hasan was born in 1928 the fifth son of Muhammad ar-Ride as-Senussi (1890–1955, the brother of the then emir of Cyrenaica, Idris of Libya) and his tenth wife Imbaraika al-Fallatiyya. He was educated at Al-Taj, Kufra and Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt.

On 24 December 1951, Libya became independent. Following the death of his father, he was nominated Crown Prince by his uncle King Idris I on 26 October 1956.

1969 revolution[edit]

The events of September 1969, proved to be pivotal both for Crown Prince Hasan and for Libya. As Crown Prince, Hasan was first in line succeed to the Libyan throne. The ailing Idris presented a signed document on 4 August 1969 to the President of the Libyan Senate, whereby Idris was to abdicate in favour of the Crown Prince. The instrument of abdication specified 2 September, the date when the King undertook formally to stand down. Indeed, the Crown Prince was already exercising regal powers in the name of King Idris, in the run up to 2 September. However, on 1 September, while Idris was out of the country undergoing medical treatment, a group of Libyan army officers, among them Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi, staged a rebellion and announced that King Idris was deposed. Since King Idris I was unable to complete the term of his reign as envisaged by his instrument of abdication Hasan never actually became king. His legacy, however, was in his role of Crown Prince, exercised between 1956 and 1969, towards the end of which he was the de facto ruler of Libya. As Crown Prince, he repeatedly undertook official trips abroad, notably to negotiate the purchase of U.S.-built jet fighters from the Kennedy Administration for the Libyan Air Force.

House arrest and death[edit]

Styles of
Crown Prince Hasan as-Senussi
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Following the revolution, Hasan was kept under house arrest in Libya, tried in the Libyan People's Court and sentenced to three years in prison in November 1971.

In 1984, the Crown Prince and his family were thrown out of their house, which was then burnt down, and forced to move into cabins on one of Tripoli's public beaches. It was in these cabins that the Crown Prince suffered a stroke in 1986. In 1988, the Crown Prince was permitted by Colonel Qaddafi to travel for medical treatment to London, where he died in 1992.[1][unreliable source?] The Crown Prince was buried beside his uncle King Idris at Al-Baqi Cemetery in Medina, Saudi Arabia.

Prior to his death in 1992, he appointed his second son, Muhammad as-Senussi (born 1962), to succeed him as head of the Royal House of Libya.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaddafi and the Libyan Crown Prince, Libyan Constitutional Union .
  2. ^ Royal Ark

External links[edit]

Media related to Hasan as-Senussi at Wikimedia Commons

Hasan as-Senussi
Senussi dynasty
Born: 1928 Died: April 28 1992
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
King Idris I
— TITULAR —
King of Libya
2 September 1969 – 28 April 1992
Reason for succession failure:
Monarchy abolished in 1969
Succeeded by
Prince Muhammad
Religious titles
Preceded by
King Idris I
Chief of the Senussi order
2 September 1969 – 28 April 1992
Succeeded by
Prince Muhammad