Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport
|Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Sultan Hasanuddin
|IATA: UPG – ICAO: WAAA|
|Owner||Government of Indonesia|
|Operator||PT. Angkasa Pura I|
|Elevation AMSL||47 ft / 14 m|
Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport (IATA: UPG, ICAO: WAAA) is an airport in Makassar, Indonesia. It is located 20 km (12 mi) northeast of Makassar's city centre and is operated by PT. Angkasa Pura I. The new terminal was opened on 20 August 2008. This airport is the main gateway for flights to the eastern part of Indonesia, and named after Sultan Hasanuddin, a Sultan of Gowa, who fought against the Dutch East India Company in the 1660s.
Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport is located on the border of Makassar, and Maros, a suburb in South Sulawesi, approximately 15 minutes 20 km (12 mi) from Makassar city via freeway/tollway or 20 minutes 23 km (14 mi) via highway.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
Hasanuddin Airport was built in 1935 by the government of the Netherlands Indies, named Kadieng Flying Field and located approximately 22 kilometers to the north of the city. An airfield runway with grass-sized 1600 mx 45 m (Runway 08-26) was inaugurated on 27 September 1937, marked with the commercial flight linking Singapore with the Douglas Aircraft D2/F6 company KNILM (Koninklijke Nederlands Indische Luchtvaart Maatschappij). In 1942, the government of Japan expanded the field using POW labor and renamed the field Field Mandai. In 1945, the Dutch built a new runway.
In 1950, Indonesia's Department of Public Works, Section Flying Field, took over the field, and it was transferred to the Civil Aviation, now the Directorate General Air Transportation in 1955, which extended the runway 2,345m x 45m and renamed the airport Air Mandai. In 1980, the 13–31 runway was built—2500 m x 45 m; it was in this year, that the Port of Air Mandai changed to Air Port Hasanuddin, and in 1981 was again renamed Airports Embarkation / debarkation Hajj in 1985 and the Port of Hasanuddin Air changed its name to Hasanuddin Airport.
On 3 March 1987, the management of Hasanuddin Airport was transferred from the Directorate General of Air Transport to Perum Angkasa Pura I, based on Government Regulation No. 1 / 1987 of 9 January 1987. On 1 January 1993 the status changed to PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura I. On 30 October 1994, Hasanuddin Airport, now International Airport in accordance with the decision of the Minister of Transportation, KM number 61/1994 dated 7 January 1995, and inaugurated by the Governor Level I Regional Head of South Sulawesi Province. 28 March 1995 marked the flight by Malaysia Airlines directly from Kuala Lumpur to Hasanuddin Airport Makassar, then followed with a Silk Air flight that connected Singapore Changi Airport with Hasanuddin. Since 1990, Hasanuddin Airport is used as an embarkation / disembarkation point for Hajj pilgrimages to Jeddah.
Hasanuddin Airport serves the Eastern Indonesia Area and South Sulawesi Province. On 20 August 2008 the new terminal was opened, replacing the old terminal which was subsequently transferred to the Indonesian Air Force.
On 8 January 2010, the airport inaugurated its newly built 3100 m runway (3/21) for commercial flights. With the inauguration of the 2nd runway, Hasanuddin became the second commercial airport in Indonesia that has two runways after Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Jakarta. It is also one out of only two airports in Indonesia to include cross runways, the other being Budiarto Airport near Serpong which serves as flying school.
This airport now accommodates 3 wide-body aircraft per day - 1 747-400 to Medan and Jeddah and 2 Airbus A330-200s to Jakarta. The local government plans to extend the runway from 3100m to 3500m to accommodate larger aircraft such as the Airbus A340, and is pending local clearance.
Since October 2014 the airport implement silent boarding, which means no announcement to be made until final boarding.
The old terminal was completely vacated after the opening of the new terminal in 2008 and is currently used is used by the TNI-AU (Indonesian Air Force) which houses Skadron Udara 11 (Air Squadron 11).
The new terminal is located just south of the old terminal. It has the capacity to handle 7 million passengers and in 2010 has served 5 million passengers, and is five times larger than the old terminal, and includes six jetbridges installed in new terminal. It is the first airport terminal in Indonesia designed with High-tech architecture style.
Since the beginning of the new millennium, the passenger numbers have increased more than sixfold, with the freight sector had previously an economic standpoint, played minor role in Makassar for a long time. One reason for the slow development of the freight sector is the relatively high license fee by the operator, which currently is 25 rupiah per kg of body construction and 15 rupiah per kg for the goods introduction.
|Year||Passenger Volume||Baggage [Kg]||Aircraft movements|
Airlines and destinations
Both for international and domestic flights. All other Garuda Indonesia international routes either transit in Jakarta or Denpasar.
Shuttle airport bus are serving several destination from Sultan Hasanuddin Airport, currently it serves by a bus operator, "Damri".
|Sultan Hasanuddin Airport Bus|
|Damri||Pusat Kota / City Center Makassar||IDR 25,000|
Car and taxi
Various taxi and shuttle services are provided by numerous service providers.
Usage by Indonesian Air Force
The airport also houses the Skadron Udara 5 and 11 (5th and 11th Air Squadrons). The 11th Squadron is equipped with Su-27SK, Su-30MK/Su-30MK2, A-4E/A-4H, TA-4H/TA-4J. Except for the TA-4J/T-4H all Skyhawks are retired and are currently being replaced with new Su-27SKMs & Su-30MK2s Flankers. The 5th Air Squadron is equipped with Boeing 737 and CN-235-MPA.
Accidents and incidents
- On September 25, 2014 a Sriwijaya Air Boeing 737 made a hard landing and 4 tyres blew up. No casualty occurred.
Curtiss C46 of the Skyways International on the airfield Mandai (1948)
One of the 6 jetbridges installed in UPG
- "Airport data 2011 of Angkasa Pura I (AP I)" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- Oleh Edy Can – Kamis, 28 Juli 2011 – 12:51 WIB (28 July 2011). "4 of Indonesia's Main Airports Bursting at Seams: Official – Kontan Online". English.kontan.co.id. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- Alle Zahlen entstammen Publikationen der ACI
- Verkehrszahlen (bis 2005)- Flughafenbetreibergesellschaft
- Verkehrszahlen (ab 2005)- Flughafenbetreibergesellschaft
- Sudarwan (September 25, 2014). "Empat Ban Pesawat Sriwijaya Air Pecah Akibat Hard Landing".
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