Amoli was born in 1899 in a village near Larijan. He studied Islamic sciences in Amol (hence his name), Tehran (spending some time studying under Hassan Modarres), and Qom. After achieving Ijtihad, Amoli moved to Najaf and stayed there for about thirty years. He moved back to Qom around 1963.
Amoli was the father of five sons, which all hold or have held positions in the government of Islamic Republic of Iran. Ali Larijani (a member of Supreme National Security Council and speaker of the Parliament), Sadegh Larijani (the head of the judiciary and former member of the Guardian Council), Mohammad Javad Larijani, Bagher Larijani (chancellor of Tehran University of Medical Sciences), and Fazel Larijani (Iran's cultural attaché in Ottawa).
- Sahimi, Mohammad (20 August 2009). "Nepotism & the Larijani Dynasty". PBS (Los Angeles). Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- سرگه بارسقیان (28 October 2007). "Larijani's cup (جام لاریجانی)". Shahrvand-e Emrooz (in Persian) (Tehran) 2 (22): 50–52.