Hashidate

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Hashidate
JRW287series-3R.JPG
287 series EMU, January 2011
Overview
Service type Limited express
First service 1965
Current operator(s) JR West
Route
Line used Sanin Main Line
Technical
Rolling stock 287 series EMU, 381 series EMU, Kitakinki Tango Railway KTR8000 series DMU

The Hashidate (はしだて?) is a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in Japan. One of the services making up JR West's "Big X Network", it connects Kyoto Station, Amanohashidate Station and Toyooka Station via the Sanin Main Line and Kitakinki Tango Railway's Miyafuku Line and Miyazu Line. The color associated with the service is red.

Stations served[edit]

Kyoto - Nijō - Kameoka - Sonobe - Ayabe - Fukuchiyama - Ōe - Miyazu - Amanohashidate - Nodagawa - Tango-Ōmiya - Mineyama - Amino - Kitsuonsen - Kumihama - Toyooka

Rolling stock[edit]

Services are operated by 287 series electric multiple unit (EMU) trains based at Fukuchiyama Depot, and KTR8000 series DMUs from the Kitakinki Tango Railway.

Former[edit]

183 series train on Hashidate service departing Nijō Station, March 2006

183 series EMUs were formerly used on some services, but were withdrawn by the start of the revised timetable on 16 March 2013.[1]

History[edit]

The Hashidate first appeared in 1965 as a semi-express connecting Osaka and Amanohashidate via the Fukuchiyama Line, Sanin Main Line, and Miyazu Line. It became an express service in 1966. In 1968, Hashidate services were merged into Tamba services. Until March 11, 2011, the Monju and Tango Discovery were most like the original Hashidate service. From 1982 until 1992, the Hashidate was an express service connecting Fukui and Amanohashidate via the Obama Line and Miyazu Line. Two other services, the Wakasa and Taisha, had service areas that overlapped with the Hashidate.

  • March 1, 1961: The Wakasa begins service as a semi-express connecting Nishi-Maizuru and Kanazawa.
  • April 20, 1963: One daily round trip is added, service is extended to Fukui.
  • October 1, 1964: One daily round trip is discontinued. However, until the beginning of express Asashio service between Kanazawa and Izumo-shi on 1 December, the Wakasa operates as a temporary service.
  • March 5, 1966: The Wakasa becomes an express service.
  • October 1, 1966: The Taisha express service begins linking Nagoya, Tsuruga, and Izumo-shi. It connects with the Asashio between Tsuruga and Yonago.
  • July 1968: The Emerald express service begins, linking Nagoya and Higashi-Maizuru. Intended as a complement to the Taisha, it is introduced to ease crowding during the summer. After the Taisha service is discontinued, the Emerald continues to operate during summers until 1995.
  • October 1, 1968: Asashio services are renamed Taisha. Taisha service is modified to Nagoya and Kanazawa with Izumo-shi.
  • October 1, 1970: One round-trip Wakasa service is added.
  • March 15, 1972: Wakasa begins operation on the Maizuru Line and Sanin Main Line. One round trip services Kyoto.
  • October 2, 1978: Taisha consists to and from Kanazawa now connect Fukui and Amanohashidate.
  • July 1, 1982: Taisha consists to and from Nagoya now connect Nagoya and Amanohashidate.
  • November 15, 1982: Taisha service to Nagoya stops. The service is renamed Hashidate.
  • November 1, 1986: Prior to the privatization of JNR, Wakasa service is reduced to one round trip daily.
  • March 13, 1992: Hashidate service is discontinued.
  • 1996 - Following the electrification of the Sanin Main Line, Hashidate service is reintroduced using electric trains.
  • March 16, 1996: Wakasa service is modified to connect Higashi-Maizuru and Tsuruga.
  • October 10, 1999: Wakasa service is discontinued.
  • March 18, 2007: All services become non-smoking.[2]
  • March 12, 2011: Tango Discovery services are united[clarification needed] to Hashidate services.
  • March 16, 2013: From the start of the revised timetable, 183 series EMUs are withdrawn from Hashidate services.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "JR西日本の183系が定期運用を終了" [JR West 183 series withdrawn from scheduled services]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  2. ^ JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. p. 183. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1.