Haskell County, Oklahoma

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Haskell County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Haskell County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Named for Charles N. Haskell
Seat Stigler
Largest city Stigler
Area
 • Total 625 sq mi (1,619 km2)
 • Land 577 sq mi (1,494 km2)
 • Water 48 sq mi (125 km2), 7.72%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 12,938
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Haskell County is a county located in the southeast quadrant of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,769.[1] Its county seat is Stigler[2]. The county is named in honor of Charles N. Haskell, who was the first governor of Oklahoma.

History[edit]

The area now comprising Haskell County was created at statehood from the former San Bois County of the Choctaw Nation in Indian Territory. An election in 1908 picked Stigler over Keota and Whitefield as the county seat.[3]

Coal mining in the early 20th Century created jobs and railroads to southern Haskell County. San Bois Coal Company built more than four hundred company houses in McCurtain and Chant (two towns that eventually merged into one) for their miners. In 1912 a large, underground explosion rocked the Number Two mine at McCurtain, killing seventy-three miners and bankrupting the San Bois Company.[3]

Agriculture was the most important component of the county economy in the early 20th Century. Cotton was the most important crop, followed by corn and oats. The collapse of cotton prices and the Great Depression caused a drop in population as well as farm acreage. In 1934 the Federal Emergency Relief Administration helped over 85 percent of Haskell County's population. Ranching supplanted farming, which was forced to diversify, By 1964, livestock accounted for about 70 percent of the county's revenues.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 625 square miles (1,618.7 km2), of which 577 square miles (1,494.4 km2) is land and 48 square miles (124.3 km2) (7.72%) is water.[4] The county elevation varies because of the San Bois Mountains in the southern part of the county from 500 feet (150 m) to 1,500 feet (460 m).[3]

The relatively large water area results from the presence of Eufaula Lake and the Robert S. Kerr Reservoir. The South Canadian River forms the northern border with McIntosh and Muskogee counties before draining into the Arkansas River at the Robert S. Kerr Reservoir. The Arkansas is the northeastern border with Sequoyah County.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Economy[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 18,875
1920 19,397 2.8%
1930 16,216 −16.4%
1940 17,324 6.8%
1950 13,313 −23.2%
1960 9,121 −31.5%
1970 9,578 5.0%
1980 11,010 15.0%
1990 10,940 −0.6%
2000 11,792 7.8%
2010 12,769 8.3%
Est. 2012 12,938 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,769 people residing in the county. 74.9% were White, 15.9% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 1.2% of some other race and 7.0% of two or more races. 3.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 8.4% were of American, 7.3% German, 6.4% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry.[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 11,792 people, 4,624 households, and 3,380 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 5,573 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.24% White, 0.61% Black or African American, 14.60% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 5.81% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,624 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.90% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,553, and the median income for a family was $29,872. Males had a median income of $25,493 versus $17,462 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,775. About 16.10% of families and 20.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 18.60% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[8]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 5,623 81.14%
  Republican 991 14.30%
  Unaffiliated 316 4.56%
Total 6,930 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[9]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 68.51% 3,207 31.49% 1,474
2004 55.33% 2,946 44.67% 2,378
2000 44.06% 2,039 54.24% 2,510

Communities[edit]

Haskell County Courthouse[edit]

Stigler is home to the Haskell County Courthouse, which has become notable for erecting marble statues of the Ten Commandments and the Mayflower Compact on the front lawn (see Separation of church and state in the United States). In the seventh commandment, the word "adultery" is misspelled.[10]

A unanimous federal appeals court ruled that county commissioners in Haskell County, Oklahoma unconstitutionally sought to promote their personal religious beliefs by erecting a Ten Commandments monument on the front lawn of the county's courthouse. The decision by the U.S. Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals comes in a challenge filed by the American Civil Liberties Union and the ACLU of Oklahoma on behalf of a local resident.

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Haskell County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Haskell County." Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder"
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  9. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  10. ^ http://photos1.blogger.com/blogger/3067/149/1600/10c.jpg

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°14′N 95°07′W / 35.23°N 95.11°W / 35.23; -95.11