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|Nickname(s): poorman's ooty[dubious ]|
|Elevation||972 m (3,189 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Hassan is a city and district headquarters of Hassan district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The town is situated 934 mts above sea level with fine weather similar to Bangalore. The town is home to the Master Control Facility. It was founded in the 11th century, by Channa Krishnappa Naik, a Palegar (chieften). The place is called Hassan after the Goddess "Hassanamba", the goddess and presiding deity of the town. Hassan is derived from the name of presiding deity Goddess. It can be called the temple-architectural capital of Karnataka.
Hassan, the main city in the Hassan district,which has an area of 6814 km2 dates back to the 11th century, during the Hoysala dynasty, which lasted from the eleventh to the fourteenth century. Their capital was at Dwarasamundra (Dwaravati-pura), the ruins of which are still to be seen scattered round the town of Halebidu(ಹಳೆಬೀಡು).
The earlier kings were of the Jain faith, but the finest temples were dedicated to Shiva by the later monarchs in the dynasty. While the Hoysalas were at the zenith of their power, much of southern India was under their influence.
Belur is one of the famous tourist place near Hassan. Belur was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire. With Halebidu which is only 16 km away, this is one of the major tourist destinations in Karnataka, India. The main attraction in Belur is the Chennakesava temple complex which contains the Chennakesava Temple (dedicated to Chennakeshava, meaning handsome Vishnu) as the centre piece, surrounded by the Kappe Chennigraya temple built by Shantaladevi, queen of king Vishnuvardhana.
Shravanabelagola is a city located in the Hassan district in the Indian state of Karnataka and is 158 km from Bangalore. It is one of the most important Jain pilgrim centers. It reached a peak in architectural and sculptural activity under the patronage of Gangas of Talakad.The 57 feet monolithic statue of the Bhagavan Gomateshwara Bahubali is located on the Vindyagiri. It is considered to be the world's largest monolithic stone statue and was erected by Chavundaraya, a general of King Gangaraya. The base of the statue has an inscription in Prakrit, dating from 981 AD. Every twelve years, thousands of devotees congregate here to perform the Mahamastakabhisheka, a spectacular ceremony in which the statue is covered with milk, curds, ghee, saffron and gold coins. The next Mahamastakabhisheka will be held in 2018.
Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18°C (64°F) in every month of the year and typically a pronounced dry season, with the driest month having precipitation less than 60mm (2.36 in) of precipitation. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw" (Tropical Savanna Climate).
|Climate data for Hassan|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.8
|Average low °C (°F)||14.7
|Rainfall mm (inches)||0
Hassan has many famous tourist attractions. The Famous Chennakesava Temple is 40 km from Hassan, Halebidu Hoysaleswara Temple is 31 km from Hassan. It is also home to Lord Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola. There are many more temples built during hoysala kingdom, similar to temples at belur and halebidu.
Hassan is the hub of Broad gauge railways to Birur, Bangalore and Mysore. The line to Mangalore is fully converted to broad gauge under Project Unigauge in 2006. Goods traffic was started in May 2006 and passenger trains were commissioned on December 8, 2007. At present two express trains plying between Bangalore and Mangalore connect Bangalore with Bangalore and Mangalore. Bangalore -Shravanabelagola new broad gauge line was commissioned in February 2006. It also has a full-fledged bus terminus operated by Karnataka State Bus Transport Service, besides this it is also well connected by private bus services to all the major cities across south and west India. The nearest airports are Mysore (115 km), Bangalore (117 Miles/187 K.M) followed by the one in Mangalore. The national highway 48 which connects port city of Mangalore to capital city Bangalore passes through Hassan.
Hassan has been a center for learning with its various Engineering, Medical, Ayurveda Arts, Commerce and Science Colleges and students from surrounding taluks and villages come here for education. Some of the famous high schools and colleges include:
- Jawarhar Novodaya School
- C.K.S English School
- Vidyashankara English Medium School
- Euro Kids
- Euro School
- Veterinary College, Bangalore.
- Government Engineering College, Hassan
- Government Law College
- Malnad College of Engineering
- Rajeev Institute of Technology
- Haranahalli Ramaswamy Institute of higher Education (HRIHE)(MBA)
- Arakalagudu Varadarajulu Kanthamma(AVK) College for Women
- Government Science College (since 1946-47)UNIVERSITY-Mysore University
- Sri Venkateshwara PU College
- NDRK College
- Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda
- Krishna Law College
- Bangalore Institute of Medical Sciences(BIMS)
- Bangalore Dental College
- Agricultural Science College (B.Sc.Ag)
- Adichunagiri (B.G.S) School
- Sri aravinda High School
- Government Boys High School
- Green Wood English School
- Holy Mother Convent
- Govt Tool Room and Training centre (GTTC) Bangalore
- Mansoora Arabic College (IAC)
- Kendriya Vidyalaya(KV) Bangalore
- National High School
- Sri Ramakrishna Vidyalaya
- St. Joseph's High School
- Jawarhar Novodaya School
- Presidency College
- Yagachi Institute of Technology
- Vijaya School
- Sri Ranga Education Trust
- Krishna English Medium school
- United Academy
- Nethaji Public School
As of the 2001 India census, the Hassan district had a population of 2,117,386. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Bangalore had an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy was 82%, and female literacy was 75%. In Bangalore, 10% of the population was under 6 years of age. Kannada is the local language and is the language of the majority of the people in Bangalore.
Mr. H.D. Deve Gowda, former Prime Minister of India is from Hassan District.Janata Dal Secular (JDS) and Congress(INC) are the two major political parties in Hassan, Former minister K.H.Hanume gowda of Congress is from this constituency. H.S.Prakash is the sitting MLA of Hassan.
- Hassan city muncipal council, Hassan city municipal council.
- Karnataka, Travel. "Hassan is situated 934 mts above sea level". Travel Karnataka. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- Bangalor%2C+Karnataka%2C+India&units= Climate Summary for Bangalore , India
- "Climate data for: Bangalore". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- Railway Gazette International December 2007 Supplement p7
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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