Hassan Ali Mirza

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Hassan Ali Mirza Bahadur
Ali Kadir (Of First Rank)
Ihtisham ul-Mulk (Dignifier of the country)
Raes ud-Daulah (Premier of the state)
Amir ul-Omrah (Noble of Nobles)
Mahabat Jang (Horror in War)
Young Hassan Ali.jpg
Hassan Ali Mirza Bahadur at a young age.
Reign February 17, 1882 - 25 December, 1906
Titles Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad
Born 25 August, 1846
Birthplace Most Probably: Hazarduari Palace, Murshidabad
Died 25 December, 1906
Buried Iraq
Predecessor Mansur Ali Khan as Nawab of Bengal
Successor Wasif Ali Mirza as Nawab of Murshidabad
Consort to

Amir Dulhan Kulsum-un-nisa Begum

Mariam-un-nisa Khanum
Dynasty Najafi
Father Mansur Ali Khan
Mother Mehr Lekha Begum
Religious beliefs Islam

Sayyid Hassan Ali Mirza Bahadur, GCIE (25 August 1846 – 25 December 1906) was the first Nawab of Murshidabad and the eldest son of Mansur Ali Khan, the last Nawab of Bengal. He succeeded Mansur Ali Khan as the Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad, after the title of Nawab of Bengal was abolished in 1880. At his death in 1906, he was succeeded by his son, Wasif Ali Mirza.

Life[edit]

Childhood[edit]

Hassan Ali was known as Burra Sahib in his childhood and he showed signs of extraordinary intelligence in his childhood. He was born on 25 August, 1846 as the eldest son of Mansur Ali Khan by his one of his principal wives, Mehr Lekha Begum. He received his early lessons in English, Persian and Arabic.

Hassan Ali (middle), and two if his sons- Wasif Ali (left) and Nasir Ali (right).

He was educated at La Martiniere College in Lucknow. In 1856, he was sent to England to complete his education, where he was accompanied by his younger half brothers, Husain Ali Mirza Bahadur (Mujli Sahib) and Muhammad Ali Mirza Bahadur (Amir Sahib), in company with Colonel Herbert. The young prince was provided with all kinds of amusements. They were kept in a hotel in South Kensington. They also attende the then Prince of Wales, Edward VII's Levée, to which the right of private entry was granted to them. Hassan Ali met Robert Clive's granddaughter, Lady Williams and he received attention from all sides. He was also introduced to Her Majesty Queen Victoria by the state's secretary. They visited many places like Sandgate, Dover Castle, Southsea, Chester, Manchester and so on. While leaving London in December 1856 they traveled back to Calcutta through France, Italy and Malta, visiting the many famous and reputed cities like Paris, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Naples and so on. They landed at Calcutta on March 1886. Hassan Ali's second foreign visit, rather English visit, was with his father, Mansur Ali Khan in March 1869. In that visit they returned India after three years.

Later years[edit]

On February 16, 1887 Hassan Ali was made the Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire and on May 28, 1887 theoriental titles of Ali Kadir (Of First Rank), Ihtisham ul-Mulk (Dignifier of the country), Raes ud-Daulah (Premier of the state), Amir ul-Omrah (Noble of Nobles) and Mahabat Jang (Horror in War) were conferred upon the Nawab. On May 20, 1890 Hassan Ali was made a Knight Grand Commander (GCIE) under a royal warrant, bearing the sign Manual of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. As the, title and post of the Nawab of Bengal was abolished Hassan Ali was appointed to the lesser title of Nawab of Murshidabad (N.B.M.) on February 17, 1882, which was confirmed in this title by the British in the year 1891.

The Nawab died on 25 December, 1906 and was buried in Iraq as per his own wish.

Honours[edit]

Wives and children[edit]

Hassan Ali married:

  • Amir Dulhan Kulsum-un-nisa Begum Sahiba in 1862
  • Mariam-un-nisa Khanum (Bi Dugari)

Hassan Ali was survived by five sons and two daughters as follows:

  • Sayyid Nasir Ali Mirza Bahadur (Nasir Sahib) (s/o Amir Dulhan). He was born on March 15, 1876 at Murshidabad. He was educated at Sherborne School, Dorset, Rugby School, Warwickshire, and Trinity College, Oxford. He married Muhammadi Begum. He died in 1945, having had issue, one son and two daughters.
  • Sayyid Asif Ali Mirza Bahadur (Munnah Sahib) (s/o Amir Dulhan). He was born on April 26, 1881 at Murshidabad. He was educated privately. He had a son.
  • Sayyid Yakub Ali Mirza Bahadur. He was born on June 9, 1883 at Murshidabad, educated privately. He was accidentally killed, rather drowned while bathing on June 23, 1899 at Murshidabad.
  • Sayyid Mohsin Ali Mirza Bahadur. he was born at Murshidabad on November 18, 1885.
  • Salim-un-nisa Begum (Askari Begum Sahiba) (d/o Mariam-un-nisa Khanum). She married on of her cousins.
  • Khurshid-un-nisa Begum (d/o Amir Dulhan). She married Sayyid Zaigham Mirza, son of Sayyid Husain Ali Mirza Bahadur (Wala Qadr), by Bi Begum. She gave birth to one son.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Hassan Ali Mirza
Born: 25 August, 1846 Died: 25 December, 1906
Preceded by
Mansur Ali Khan as
Nawab of Bengal
Nawab of Murshidabad
February 17, 1882 - 25 December, 1906
Succeeded by
Wasif Ali Mirza Khan