Hassan I of Morocco
|Hassan I of Morocco|
|House||House of Alaoui|
|Died||7 June 1894
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Morocco|
He was a member of the Alaouite dynasty. Mulai Hassan was among the most successful sultans. He increased the power of the makhzen in Morocco and at a time when so much of the rest of Africa was falling under foreign control, he brought in military and administrative reforms to strengthen the regime within its own territory, and he carried out an active military and diplomatic program on the periphery.
Son of the sultan Mohammed IV, Mulai Hassan was proclaimed sultan of Morocco on the death of his father in 1873. His first action was to crush an urban revolt in the capital Fes. The new sultan was committed to continue the modernization and reform policy of his father.
Particularly well known is the journey Hassan I undertook in 1893. He went from Fez (leaving on 29 June) to Marrakech, passing through the Tafilalt, the sand dunes of Erg Chebbi, the valley of the Dades with the majestic gorges of the Todra, Ouarzazate, the Kasbah of Aït Benhaddou, the high passage along Telouet, the Tichka pass (2260 m) in the high Atlas, Guelmim port of the Western sahara. The voyage took six months and succeeded in its objective of reuniting and pacifying the tribes of several regions. The Krupp cannon he gave on this occasion to the caid of Telouet (member of the now famous Glaoua family) is still on display in the center of Ouarzazate. In 1881 he founded Tiznit.
Hassan I appointed Mouha ou Hammou Zayani as Caïd of the Zayanes in Khénifra in 1877. Mouha ou Hammou Zayani was to be an important figure in the 20th century colonial war against France. In 1887 he appointed sheikh Ma al-'Aynayn as his caid in Western Sahara. Ma al-'Aynayn too played an important role in the struggle for independence of Morocco.
Hassan I in Meknes
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword (GCTE)-1882
- M. Th. Houtsma: E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam 1913–1936. S. 603; also: Anmerkung über den Todesort and in The Daily Telegraph at the death of his daughter Lalla Fatima Zohra, 22. October 2003, (English); Marrakesch is mistakenly stated as the place of his death in Beitrag über die Familie der Alawiden (English)
- "أولى الصور في تاريخ المغرب، الأولى في الفنيدق/تطوان سنة 1859 والثانية للأمير المولى العباس سنة 1860". Alifpost. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hassan I of Morocco.|
|Sultan of Morocco