Hassuna or Tell Hassuna is an ancient Mesopotamian site situated in what was to become ancient Assyria, and is now in the Ninawa Governorate of Iraq west of the Tigris river, south of Mosul and about 35 km southwest of the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh.
By around 6000 BC people had moved into the foothills (piedmont) of northernmost Mesopotamia where there was enough rainfall to allow for "dry" agriculture in some places. These were the first farmers in northernmost Mesopotamia. They made Hassuna style pottery (cream slip with reddish paint in linear designs). Hassuna people lived in small villages or hamlets ranging from 2 to 8 acres (32,000 m2).
At Tell Hassuna, adobe dwellings built around open central courts with fine painted pottery replace earlier levels with crude pottery. Hand axes, sickles, grinding stones, bins, baking ovens and numerous bones of domesticated animals reflect settled agricultural life. Female figurines have been related to worship and jar burials within which food was placed related to belief in afterlife. The relationship of Hassuna pottery to that of Jericho suggests that village culture was becoming widespread.
Tell Hassuna was excavated in 1943 and 1945 by a team from the Iraqi Directorate General of Antiquities led by Seton Lloyd. It is a small site, roughly 150 meters by 200 meters and about 7 meters high.
- Seton Lloyd, Fuad Safar and Robert J. Braidwood, Tell Hassuna Excavations by the Iraq Government Directorate General of Antiquities in 1943 and 1944, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 255-289, 1945
- M.H. Abdul Aziz and J. Slipka, Twins from Tell Hassuna, Sumer, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 45–50, 1966
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