Hastings, Victoria

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Hastings
Victoria
Hastings Main Street.JPG
Main street of Hastings
Hastings is located in Melbourne
Hastings
Hastings
Coordinates 38°18′22″S 145°11′20″E / 38.306°S 145.189°E / -38.306; 145.189Coordinates: 38°18′22″S 145°11′20″E / 38.306°S 145.189°E / -38.306; 145.189
Population 8,685 (2011)[1]
 • Density 208.77/km2 (540.7/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3915
Area 41.6 km2 (16.1 sq mi)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Mornington Peninsula
State electorate(s) Hastings
Federal Division(s) Flinders
Suburbs around Hastings:
Tyabb
Hastings Western Port
Balnarring Bittern

Hastings is a suburb on the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria, Australia, as a part of the urban enclave on Westernport comprising Hastings, Bittern, Crib Point, Tyabb, and Somerville. Its local government area is the Shire of Mornington Peninsula. It is served by Hastings railway station on the Stony Point greater-metropolitan line.

Hastings is situated on an inlet on Western Port, a major port and important environmental area. Hastings has multiple marinas and is home to many recreational boating activities.

History[edit]

Hastings is thought to be named after a fishing town in England or the British imperial administrator Warren Hastings.[2] Previously known as King’s Creek and Star Point, its post office opened on 4 February 1863.[3]

Settlement of the area dates from the 1840s, with fishing being the main industry. Growth took place from the 1850s into the 1870s as the township developed. Expansion continued in the late 1880s and 1890s, aided by the construction of the railway line and the establishment of many orchards. Significant residential development occurred during the 1960s and 1970s, spurred by industrial growth and public housing construction. Growth began to slow from the 1980s. The population has increased since the early 1990s, a result of new dwellings being added to the area.[2]

Local culture[edit]

Hastings is one of the 'gateways' to the lower Mornington Peninsula, and is located on the coast of Westernport Bay. Surrounded by farmland it is still very much a country town with a strong sense of local community.

In 2004 Hastings was the overall winner of the Victorian Tidy Town Awards held by the Keep Australia Beautiful Network.

It has a population of over 7,000 and several major franchises have set up there. The opening of a K-Mart shopping centre on 19 October 2006 was the first large department store in the town.

Hastings was the seat of the Hastings Shire, before this was merged into the Mornington Peninsula Shire, and still has many buildings associated with federal, state and local governments. It has the headquarters of the regional traffic police. There is a modern library in the centre of town, outside of which is a statue of former resident and famous footballer, John Coleman. Other facilities include a public hall, and a modern aquatic centre.

Hastings has two public primary schools - Hastings Primary and West Park Primary. There is also a private Catholic school named St Marys Primary School, as well as Western Port Secondary College, a state high school (formerly known as Hastings High School).

In October 2003 the town was host to The Princess Royal. During her short stay she inspected the decommissioned submarine HMAS Otama, a vessel she launched in the 1970s.

Industry[edit]

Hastings is home to the Esso and BlueScope Steel manufacturing plants, and it is not uncommon to see large oil tankers docked near Long Island in Westernport Bay. Many residents of Hastings work or have family members working at Esso or BlueScope Steel. Hastings also hosts many small businesses associated with the recreational boating industry.

Military[edit]

The naval port of HMAS Cerberus is located 6 kilometres south of Hastings in the suburb of Crib Point, housing many of its personnel on base. However some live in Hastings or other nearby towns. Due to the close proximity of the Naval Base, trainees on leave are often seen around the town, especially on weekends. The Naval Cadet unit, TS Tingira, is also located out of HMAS Cerberus, and the Unit is a visible presence within the town, especially on ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day, and other notable events where they assist with fundrasing for local and national charities.

Recreation and tourism[edit]

Hastings has one small beach, most of the coastline being mudflats. The town also features several large coastline reserves, some of which allow pet dogs to roam leash-free.

Hastings is located on a crescent-shaped bay opening onto Western Port Bay. It is probably the safest small boat harbour on Western Port, as it is easily accessible, and protected from prevailing winds. Therefore much of the recreation centres around boating or fishing at the local marina and yacht club.

The mudflats support significant mangrove forests, these being the most southerly species of mangrove in the world. Jacks Beach Walk takes hikers through and over the mangroves via a series of boardwalks. The mangrove forests are natural fish hatcheries, important for the maintenance of good fish populations in the bay. A significant area of Western Port Bay north of Hastings has been declared a Marine National Park.

The area around the pier is popular with sightseers, there being a waterfront cafe, and many yachts moored nearby. Pelicans can normally be seen in this area, and the pelicans are fed daily by local fishermen.

Other nearby attractions include the Tyabb antiques centre and Moonlit Sanctuary Wildlife Conservation Park.

The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hastings (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.id.com.au/profile/Default.aspx?id=118&pg=101&gid=140&type=enum
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008 

External links[edit]

Mornington Peninsula Shire: http://www.mornpen.vic.gov.au/index.asp
Westernport Chamber of Commerce & Industry: http://www.hastings.org.au/
General information website (independent) http://www.hastings3915.info