Hastings and Rye (UK Parliament constituency)
|Hastings and Rye|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Hastings and Rye in East Sussex.
Location of East Sussex within England.
|Electorate||76,422 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Amber Rudd (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hastings and Rye|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
1983-2010: The Borough of Hastings; and the District of Rother wards of Camber, Fairlight, Guestling and Pett, Rye, and Winchelsea.
2010-present: The Borough of Hastings; and the District of Rother wards of Brede Valley, Eastern Rother, Marsham, and Rye.
As its name suggests, the main settlements in the constituency are the seaside resort of Hastings and smaller nearby tourist town of Rye. The constituency also includes the Cinque Port of Winchelsea and the villages of Fairlight, Winchelsea Beach, Three Oaks, Guestling, Icklesham, Playden, Iden, Rye Harbour, East Guldeford, Camber, and Pett.
The constituency is set in a relatively isolated part of the southeast from the railways perspective and so does not enjoy some of the more general affluence of this part of the country. In the 2000 index of multiple deprivation a majority of wards fell within the bottom half of rankings so it can arguably be considered a deprived area. Hastings has some light industry, while Rye has a small port, which includes hire and repair activities for leisure vessels and fishing.
The constituency was created in 1983 by the merger of the seats of Hastings and Rye. The Conservative MP for Hastings since 1970, Kenneth Warren, won the new seat.[n 3]. Warren held Hastings and Rye until he chose to retire in 1992; during this period its large majorities suggest it was a Conservative safe seat, with the Liberal Party (now the Liberal Democrats) regularly coming second. Jacqui Lait won the seat on Warren's retirement, but in 1997 the Labour candidate Michael Foster narrowly defeated Lait, becoming the second-least expected (on swing) Labour MP in the landslide of that year and since 2001 setting a pattern that suggests the seat is a two-way Labour-Conservative marginal.[n 4] Foster held the seat, again with slim majorities over Conservatives, in 2001 and 2005, but lost it to Conservative Amber Rudd in 2010.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Perry||7,825||15.7||+0.6|
|English Democrats||Rod Bridger||339||0.7||+0.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+3.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Stevens||6,479||15.1||+4.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Viscount Clarkey of Rochdale Canal Ord-Clarke||207||0.5||0.0|
|General Election 2001: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal Democrat||Graem Peters||4,266||10.3||-17.6|
|Independent (politician)||Gillian Bargery||486||1.2||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||John Ord-Clarke||198||0.5||+0.2|
|Rock 'n' Roll Loony||Brett McLean||140||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal Democrat||Monroe Palmer||13,717||28.0||-7.3|
|Referendum Party||Christopher McGovern||2,511||5.1||N/A|
|UKIP||W N Andrews||472||1.0||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Derek Tiverton||149||0.3||0.0|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+18.5|
|General Election 1992: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal Democrat||Monroe Palmer||18,939||35.2||-0.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Derek Tiverton||168||0.3||-0.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal||David J Amies||18,816||36.0||+5.5|
|Monster Raving Loony||Derek Tiverton||242||0.4||N/A|
|Independent||S P Davies||194||0.4||N/A|
|General Election 1983: Hastings and Rye|
|Liberal||David J Amies||14,646||30.5|
|Independent||G L McNally||503||1.0|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The Conservative MP for the abolished seat of Rye (since 1955) Bryant Godman Irvine retired
- Since 2001 Liberal Democrat candidates' greatest share of the vote has been 15.7%. In other words in the latest three elections they have achieved a relatively distant third place.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- , Official announcements from Hastings council
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997 - 2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983 - 1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992 - 2005 (Guardian)