Hasvik Airport

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Hasvik Airport
Hasvik lufthavn
IATA: HAAICAO: ENHK
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Avinor
Location Hasvik, Finnmark, Norway
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 70°29′12″N 022°08′23″E / 70.48667°N 22.13972°E / 70.48667; 22.13972Coordinates: 70°29′12″N 022°08′23″E / 70.48667°N 22.13972°E / 70.48667; 22.13972
Website Official website
Map
HAA is located in Finnmark
HAA
HAA
Location in Finnmark county
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11–29 909 2,982 Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 7,995
Aircraft movements 1,233
Cargo (tonnes) 31
Source: [1][2]

Hasvik Airport (Norwegian: Hasvik lufthavn; IATA: HAAICAO: ENHK) is a regional airport serving Hasvik Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The airport is located in the village of Hasvik on the island of Sørøya. In 2012, Hasvik Airport had 7,645 passengers, making it the third-least busy airport operated by the state-owned Avinor. The airport consists of a 909-meter (2,982 ft) runway and is served by Widerøe with Dash 8-100 aircraft.

Planning started in 1972 for an airport to serve air taxi and air ambulance services. The original 421-meter (1,381 ft) gravel runway opened on 17 May 1973, allowing Norving to operate flights with their Britten-Norman Islanders. The airport was upgraded with a longer runway and a larger terminal in 1983, allowing Norving to start scheduled services to Alta and Hammerfest. Widerøe took over the routes in 1990, at first using the de Havilland Canada Twin Otter. The runway was asphalted in 1995, allowing Widerøe to introduce the Dash 8. The airport was nationalized two years later.

History[edit]

The first aircraft in Hasvik was an emergency landing carried out en route to Svalbard in the early 1970s. The plain where the aircraft landed, located near the village, became the site of the airport.[3] The regional airline Norving took the initiative in 1972 to construct a simple airfield at Hasvik; they hoped to finance along with the municipality, the National Insurance Administration and the local chapter of the Norwegian Red Cross Search and Rescue Corps.[4] In addition to being able to operate an air taxi service and land air ambulances, locals hoped that the construction would be a first step to becoming part of the state-financed construction of regional airports in Finnmark. However, Hasvik was not selected as one of the original regional airports.[5]

The initial airport consisted of a 421-meter (1,381 ft) gravel runway and a spartan terminal consisting of no more than a shack. The airport opened on 17 May 1973 and Norving started an air taxi service using the eight-passenger Britten-Norman Islander. Grants of 3.5 million Norwegian krone (NOK) were issued from the state in 1981, which was supplemented with funding from Norving, the National Insurance Administration, Kommunalbanken and local interests. The new facilities opened in early 1983, consisting of a larger terminal and control tower and a lengthening of the runway—although it retained the gravel surface. The upgrades cost NOK 5.8 million;[5] they allowed Norving to operate a daily scheduled taxi route to Hammerfest and Alta, and for the first time Hasvik was able to receive same-day newspapers. The flights corresponded with Scandinavian Airlines System's Oslo-flights at Alta Airport.[6]

Norving operated at the airport until 1990,[6] when the route was taken over by Widerøe, who initially used the de Havilland Canada Twin Otter.[3] The Ministry of Transport and Communications announced in February 1993 that they were considering taking over ownership and operations of the airport through the Civil Aviation Administration (CAA, later renamed Avinor). Along with Båtsfjord Airport and Vardø Airport, Svartnes, Hasvik Airport was one of three regional airports in Finnmark with government-subsidized routes which did not receive state operating grants.[7] In December Widerøe articulated that Hasvik Airport did not meet the demands for future operation as it lacked proper instruments and did not have an asphalt runway. Widerøe stated that with the introduction of the Dash 8 they would no longer be able to serve the airport.[8] Additional navigation aids were installed in 1993[9] and the runway was asphalted in 1995, subsequently resulting in Dash 8 services being introduced.[3] The state and the Civil Aviation Administration took over ownership and operations of the airport from 1 January 1997.[10] The runway lights were upgraded in 2008 and 2009,[11] followed by the installation of the Global Positioning System-based landing system SCAT-I.[12]

Facilities[edit]

Hasvik Airport has a simple terminal building with a capacity for 20 passengers per hour.[11] It has a 909-by-30-meter (2,982 by 98 ft) asphalt runway aligned 11–29.[1] The tarmac has place for one airliner. There is a harbor southeast of the runway which limits any expansion.[11] The airport is located two minutes drive from the village center; free parking is available.[13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The airport is served by Widerøe, who operates flights based on a public service obligation contract with the Ministry of Transport and Communications. All flights are operated using 39-seat Dash 8-100 aircraft. Flights are flown to Tromsø and Hammerfest and can continue to other villages and towns in Finnmark.[14] In 2012 the airport served 7,995 passengers, 1,233 aircraft movements and handled 31 tonnes of cargo. Hasvik is the third-least busy airport operated by Avinor, ahead of Berlevåg Airport and Fagernes Airport, Leirin.[2]

Airlines Destinations
Widerøe Båtsfjord, Berlevåg, Hammerfest, Kirkenes, Tromsø, Vadsø, Vardø

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ENHK – Hasvik". Avinor. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Flytrafikkstatistikk desember" (XLS) (in Norwegian). Avinor. January 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Gynnild, Olav (2009). "Flyplassenes og flytrafikkens historie". Kulturminner på norske lufthavner – Landsverneplan for Avinor. Avinor. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Melling: 92
  5. ^ a b Melling: 105
  6. ^ a b Melling: 106
  7. ^ Gustad, Ragnhild (9 February 1993). "flyplass Båtsfjord". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 13. 
  8. ^ Rapp, Magnus (1 December 1993). "Store utgifter for små flyplasser". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 3. 
  9. ^ Wold, Trond (21 January 1993). "Flyplasser". Nordlys (in Norwegian). p. 24. 
  10. ^ "Staten overtar 5 flyplasser i nord". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 16 November 1996. p. 4. 
  11. ^ a b c "Konsekvenser for luftfart" (in Norwegian). Avinor. October 2012. pp. 42–44. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Prosjekter". Avinor. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Getting to and from the airport". Avinor. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  14. ^ Draagen, Lars; Wilsberg, Kjell (2011). "Alternative ruteopplegg for Finnmark og Nord Troms" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Gravity Consult. p. 11. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
Bibliography
  • Melling, Kjersti (2009). Nordavind fra alle kanter (in Norwegian). Oslo: Pilotforlaget.