Hatiya Upazila

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Hatiya
হাতিয়া
Upazila
Hatiya is located in Bangladesh
Hatiya
Hatiya
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 22°22′N 91°7.5′E / 22.367°N 91.1250°E / 22.367; 91.1250Coordinates: 22°22′N 91°7.5′E / 22.367°N 91.1250°E / 22.367; 91.1250
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
District Noakhali District
Area
 • Total 1,508.23 km2 (582.33 sq mi)
Population (1991)
 • Total 295,501
 • Density 196/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 3890
Website Official Map of Hatiya
Dilir

Hatiya (Bengali: হাতিয়া) is an upazila, or sub district, of Noakhali District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.[1] An island with the same name is located within this upazila, as is Nijhum Dwip, another smaller island.

Geography[edit]

Hatiya Upazila is located at 22°22′00″N 91°07′30″E / 22.3667°N 91.1250°E / 22.3667; 91.1250. It has 47,970 household units and a total area of 1,508.23 square kilometres.

Demographics[edit]

At the 1991 Bangladesh census, Hatiya had a population of 295,501. Males constituted 50.73% of the population and females constituted 49.27%. The population over age 18 was 125,512. Hatiya had an average literacy rate of 21% (7+ years), against the national average of 32.4%.[2]

Administrative[edit]

Hatiya has 10 unions: Boyar Char, Carrying Char (recently established), Char King, Char Ishwar, Tamaruddi, Burir Char, Sonadia, Jahajmara, and Nijhum Dwip (recently established). There are 53 Mauzas/Mahallas and 69 villages in this upazila.

Transport[edit]

Types of roads include "paved (380 km)," "semi-paved (220 km)," and "mud road (800 km).

Hatiya is accessible from Noakhali by sea-truck, from Chittagong by steamer, and from Dhaka by launch. Travel within Hatiya is provided by buses (on main roads), baby taxis, trucks, and rickshaws; palanquins and bullock carts have almost disappeared.

Economy[edit]

The upazila consists of 52 markets and bazaars. They include Oskhali, Afazia, Tamruddi, Chowmuhani, Sagaria, Jahajmara, Sonadia chowrasta, Char Chenga and Nalchira Bazar. Most people are employed in agriculture and fishing, and a few professions are government or non-governmental jobs. All banks are run by the government, including Krishi Bank, Sonali Bank, and Jonota Bank.

The main exports include rice, coconut, betel nut, banana, betel leaf, chili, Hilsa, and other types of fish.

Healthcare[edit]

There is one Upazila Health Complex and 10 family planning centres. Notable NGOs operating in this area are Grameeen bank, Dwip unnoyan songstha, Brac, Proshika, CARE, and Caritas.

Education[edit]

Institutions of higher education include Hatiya Dwip Government College and three non-governmental colleges.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Md Tawhid Hussain Chowdhury (2012). "Hatiya Upazila". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Population Census Wing, BBS.". Archived from the original on 27 March 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2006.