Merytre-Hatshepsut

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Merytre-Hatshepsut in hieroglyphs
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Meritre Hatschepsut
Mr.t Rꜥ ḥꜣ.t šps.(w)t
Beloved of Ra, First among the nobles
Merytre-tomb-of-Ra.jpg
Meritre Hatshepsut and her son Amenhotep II

Queen Merytre-Hatshepsut (or sometimes Hatshepsut-Meryet-Ra) was the principal wife of Pharaoh Thutmose III and the mother of Amenhotep II.

Family[edit]

Merytre-Hatshepsut was of noble birth. She was possibly the daughter of the Adoratrix Huy, whose statue in the British Museum (EA 1280) shows Huy holding a grandchild and represents the other children of Thutmose III and Merytre-Hatshepsut along the sides of her seated statue. She was the mother of Pharaoh Amenhotep II, Prince Menkheperre, and the princesses Nebetiunet, Merytamun C, Merytamun D, and Iset.[1]

Biography[edit]

Merytre-Hatshepsut is known to have held the Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Sole One, Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt-w’tit), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), God’s Hand (djrt-ntr).[2]

Merytre-Hatshepsut became a great royal wife after the death of queen Satiah. She is attested in the temple of Tuthmosis III in Medinet Habu. The Queen is depicted standing behind a seated Tuthmosis III. She's depicted in full Queenly regalia, including the vulture cap, modius with double plumes and the fly-whisk. She is called "great royal wife".[3]

Merytre Hatshepsut depicted in the temple of Tuthmosis III in Medinet Habu.

Merytre-hatshepsut is depicted in several tombs, including that of her husband Tuthmosis III (KV43). On one of the pillars the queen, identified as Merytre, is one of three queens following Tuthmosis III. Merytre is followed by queen Satiah, Queen Nebtu and Princess Nefertari.[4]

Thutmose III and his family from his tomb KV34. In the bottom register Merytre stands right behind Thutmosis III.

In the tomb of Ra (TT72) in Thebes. Merytre Hatshepsut is depicted seated next to / behind her son Amenhotep II.[5] A scene in another tomb in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna seems to depict a statue of Merytre-Hatshepsut that is shown in a small structure on a sled. The other statues depicted all represent Tuthmosis III. A stela (borne by the statue of a courtier) depicts Merytre-Hatshepsut standing before Tuthmosis III. The Queen is shown wearing a modius and double plunes. She is shown holding a fly-whisk in one hand and an ankh in the other.[6]

Scene from a tomb in Ab-del-Qurna. The scene seems to depict a statue of Merytre Hatshepsut.

Death and burial[edit]

Merytre-Hatshepsut was originally meant to be interred in KV42. Foundation deposits were found in 1921 which clearly establish that the tomb was originally meant for her. She may have been buried in KV35, the tomb of her son Amenhotep II however. KV42 may have been reused for the Theban Mayor Sennefer and his wife Senetnay.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dodson, A. and D. Hilton 2004. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt London: Thames and Hudson. pp. 132–133, 139
  2. ^ Wolfram Grajetski: Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary. Golden House Publications, London 2005, ISBN 0954721896, S. 53.
  3. ^ Karl Richard Lepsius: Denkmäler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien. Bd. 5, Leipzig 1913, Blatt 38 (reprint: Verlagsgruppe Zeller, Osnabrück 1970).
  4. ^ A. Bart Merytre-Hatshepsut website [1]
  5. ^ Lepsius Denkmahler Abt III, Band 5, Bl. 62
  6. ^ A. Bart Merytre-Hatshepsut website [2]
  7. ^ KV42 from the Theban Mapping Project

External links[edit]