Hau Pei-tsun

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Hau Pei-tsun
郝柏村
Hau Pei-tsun from VOA (1).jpg
13th Premier of the Republic of China
In office
1 June 1990 – 10 February 1993
President Lee Teng-hui
Deputy Shih Chi-yang
Preceded by Lee Huan
Succeeded by Lien Chan
17th Minister of National Defense of the Republic of China
In office
5 December 1989 – 31 May 1990
Premier Lee Huan
Deputy Kuo Tsung-ching
Preceded by Cheng Wei-yuan
Succeeded by Chen Li-an
12th Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of China Armed Forces
In office
1 December 1981 – 4 December 1989
President Chiang Ching-kuo
Preceded by Soong Chang-chi
Succeeded by Chen Sheng-lin
16th Commander-in-Chief of the Republic of China Army
In office
March 1978 – November 1981
President Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
Preceded by Ma An-lan
Succeeded by Chiang Chung-ling
Personal details
Born 13 July 1919 (1919-07-13) (age 95)
Yancheng, Kiangsu
Nationality  Republic of China
Political party Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang
Spouse(s) Kuo Wan-hua
Children 2 sons
3 daughters
Military service
Allegiance  Republic of China
Service/branch Republic of China Army Flag.svg Republic of China Army
Years of service 1938–1989
Rank General First Class rank insignia (ROC).jpg General
Battles/wars World War II
Chinese Civil War
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hau.

Hau Pei-tsun (Chinese: 郝柏村; pinyin: Hǎo Bǎicūn, courtesy name:伯春 Bóchūn; born 13 July 1919) was the Premier of the Republic of China from May 30, 1990 to February 10, 1993, and a four-star general in the ROC Army.

Biography[edit]

Born to a well-to-do family in Yancheng, Jiangsu, Hau received a military education from the Chinese Military Academy, National Defense University, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and the War College, Armed Forces University. Hau was appointed an artillery officer in 1938, and served in the Chinese expeditionary forces in India during World War II. In the subsequent Chinese Civil War he was a staff officer.

As commander of the 9th Infantry Division from 1958 to 1961, Hau presided over the 44-day bombardment of Quemoy by the People's Liberation Army. He commanded the 3rd Corps from 1963 to 1965, served as Chief Aide to Chiang Kai-shek from 1965 to 1970. He continued his army career as Commander of the 1st Field Army from 1970 to 1973, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the ROC Army from 1975 to 1977, Executive Vice Chief of the General Staff in the Ministry of National Defense from 1977 to 1978, Commander-in-Chief of the ROC Army 1978 to 1981, and Chief of the General Staff in the Ministry of National Defense from 1981 to 1989.

He was a member of the Central Standing Committee of the Kuomintang from 1984 to 1993 and served as Minister of National Defense from 1989 until 1990 when he was appointed Premier. He was appointed by President Lee Teng-hui in part to mollify the conservative mainlander faction within the KMT that had threatened to run a rival presidential ticket in the March 1990 election. Hau's appointment sparked protests by those who believed it marked retrogression toward military rule, while President Lee defended his decision by saying he valued Hau's tough stance on crime. As premier he held high approval ratings (even higher than Lee's) - he was tough on crime and promoted a multi-billion-dollar economic development plan to industrialize Taiwan. Hau submitted his resignation in January 1993 after the KMT's poor showing in the 1992 Legislative Yuan election.

Appointed as one of four vice-chairmen of the KMT in the 14th Party Congress (immediately following the defection of the New Kuomintang Alliance) in another effort by Lee to pacify the mainlander faction, Hau served from 1993 to 1995.

In the 1996 elections, he ran for vice-president as an independent on the ticket of Lin Yang-kang and had his KMT membership "cancelled" (just short of being "expelled"). His party membership was restored in 2005.

1996 Republic of China Presidential Election Result
President Candidate Vice President Candidate Party Votes  %
Lee Teng-hui Lien Chan Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 5,813,699 54.0
Peng Ming-min Frank Hsieh Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 2,274,586 21.1
Lin Yang-kang Hau Pei-tsun Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,603,790 14.9
Chen Li-an Wang Ching-feng Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,074,044 9.9
Invalid/blank votes 117,160
Total 10,883,279 100

Personal life[edit]

He married Kuo Wan-hua and has two sons and three daughters. One of his sons is politician Hau Lung-pin, the former chairman of the New Party, and former Mayor of Taipei.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Cheng Wei-yuan
Minister of National Defense
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Chen Li-an
Preceded by
Lee Huan
Premier of the Republic of China
1990–1993
Succeeded by
Lien Chan