From 1963 to 1966, the area was constituted as Katanga Oriental. In 1966, it was merged with Lualaba Province to create Sud-Katanga, and was then merged into the new Shaba Region. Presidents of Katanga Oriental were:
13 Aug 1963 - 20 Jul 1965 Édouard Bulundwe (b. 1932)
Haut-Katanga district is part of a proposed Haut-Katanga Province to be established when the country's new constitution was implemented, originally slated for February 2009. The new province was to include the current district and also the cities of Lubumbashi and Likasi, with Lubumbashi as its capital. As of October 2010, the new province had not come into existence.