Haute-Sorne

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Haute-Sorne
Sorne river at Bassecourt
Sorne river at Bassecourt
Coat of arms of Haute-Sorne
Coat of arms
Haute-Sorne is located in Switzerland
Haute-Sorne
Haute-Sorne
Coordinates: 47°21′N 07°14′E / 47.350°N 7.233°E / 47.350; 7.233Coordinates: 47°21′N 07°14′E / 47.350°N 7.233°E / 47.350; 7.233
Country Switzerland
Canton Jura
District Delémont
Government
 • Mayor Maire
Area[1]
 • Total 71.06 km2 (27.44 sq mi)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 6,828
 • Density 96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Postal code 2854
SFOS number 6729
Surrounded by Boécourt, Develier
Website http://www.haute-sorne.ch
SFSO statistics

Haute-Sorne is a municipality in the district of Delémont in the canton of Jura in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Bassecourt, Courfaivre, Glovelier, Soulce and Undervelier merged to form the new municipality of Haute-Sorne.[3]

History[edit]

Bassecourt is first mentioned in 1160 as Baressicort. In 1184 it was first mentioned by its German name, Altdorf. The hamlet of Berlincourt was first mentioned in 1303 as Burlincort.[4] Courfaivre is first mentioned in 1147 as Curfavro.[5] Glovelier is first mentioned in 1139 as Lolenviler.[6] Soulce is first mentioned in 1148 as Sulza. The municipality was formerly known by its German name Sulz, however, that name is no longer used.[7] Undervelier is first mentioned in 1179 as Undreviller. The municipality was formerly known by its unknown name Underswiler, however, that name is no longer used.[8]

Geography[edit]

Undervelier village
Glovelier village train station

The former municipalities that now make up Haute-Sorne have a total combined area of 71.06 km2 (27.44 sq mi).[1]

Bassecourt had an area of 15.57 km2 (6.01 sq mi).[1] Of this area, 5.84 km2 (2.25 sq mi) or 37.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 7.77 km2 (3.00 sq mi) or 49.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.9 km2 (0.73 sq mi) or 12.2% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.06 km2 (15 acres) or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.1% is unproductive land.[9] The former municipality is located along the Sorne river in the Delemont valley. It lies at the intersection of the Delemont-La Chaux-de-Fonds and the Porrentruy-Biel/Bienne roads. It consists of the village of Bassecourt and the hamlet of Berlincourt.

Courfaivre had an area of 12.4 km2 (4.79 sq mi).[1] Of this area, 6.33 km2 (2.44 sq mi) or 51.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 4.91 km2 (1.90 sq mi) or 39.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.04 km2 (0.40 sq mi) or 8.4% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.07 km2 (17 acres) or 0.6% is either rivers or lakes and 0.06 km2 (15 acres) or 0.5% is unproductive land.[9] The former municipality is located on the Delemont-Glovelier road on the right bank of the Sorne river.

Glovelier had an area of 14.34 km2 (5.54 sq mi).[1] Of this area, 5.99 km2 (2.31 sq mi) or 41.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 6.71 km2 (2.59 sq mi) or 46.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.57 km2 (0.61 sq mi) or 10.9% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.03 km2 (7.4 acres) or 0.2% is either rivers or lakes and 0.03 km2 (7.4 acres) or 0.2% is unproductive land.[9] The former municipality is located on the western end of the Delemont valley. The village lies at the intersection of the old road from Porrentruy to Biel and from Delemont to La Chaux-de-Fonds. It consists of the village of Glovelier and the hamlet of Sceut.

Soulce had an area of 14.77 km2 (5.70 sq mi).[1] Of this area, 3.98 km2 (1.54 sq mi) or 26.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10.44 km2 (4.03 sq mi) or 70.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.28 km2 (0.11 sq mi) or 1.9% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.04 km2 (9.9 acres) or 0.3% is unproductive land.[9] The former municipality is located in a small valley east of Undervelier. The village grew up along a small stream in the valley.

Undervelier had an area of 13.98 km2 (5.40 sq mi).[1] Of this area, 3.38 km2 (1.31 sq mi) or 24.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10.25 km2 (3.96 sq mi) or 73.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.3 km2 (0.12 sq mi) or 2.1% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.03 km2 (7.4 acres) or 0.2% is unproductive land.[9] The former municipality is located between two of the Sorne river canyons and at the foot of Pichoux mountain.

Demographics[edit]

The total population of Haute-Sorne (as of December 2013) is 6,828.[2]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[10]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The St-Germain-D‘Auxerre Church in Courfaivre, the Farm House at Au Village 17 and the prehistoric shelter at Le Mont in Glovelier is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. The entire village of Soulce and the entire Les Forges area are designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[11]

Sights[edit]

Notable sights in the Undervelier area include the cave of Sainte-Colombe and the Gorges of Pichoux. Other sights include the Vellerat Posé because of its greenery and the chapel Place Roland Béguelin built by Jeanne Bueche and André Bréchet's stained glass windows.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
  4. ^ Bassecourt in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Courfaivre in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Glovelier in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Soulce in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  8. ^ Undervelier in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  9. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  10. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  11. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011.