Havelian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the rural areas, see Jhangra.

Havelian is the second largest municipality in the Abbottabad District, in what used to be the Hazara province of Pakistan. It serves as the headquarters for Havelian Tehsil. The word literally translates into English as "mansions". The outskirts of the city are also home to one of the largest ordnance factories of Pakistan, Pakistan Ordnance Factories Havelian. An ordnance depot also exists in the vicinity of the city and the factory.

Geography[edit]

Havelian is located on the Karakoram Highway and on the banks of Dor River, about 15.5 kilometers south west of Abbottabad.[1]

Villages[edit]

Villages in the immediate vicinity include Phullanawali, Haajia, Langra, Lari Siyadain, Malkan,Gohaal, Banda Abdul Jabbar Khan, Banda Bazdaar, Banda Said Khan,Bodla, Deiri Kiyaal, Baandi Attai Khan, Takia Sheikhan, Rajoya, ghora Bazgraan, Gharhi Pholgran, Chair Sajji Kot, Naara, Sultanpur, Changi Bandi Baldeer, Chamnaka, Kiala, Batala, Sajawel, Banda Subkhan, Maira, Khota Qabar, Theethaan, Sareela, Barsin, Kokal, Solan, Panjgran, Kashka, Jhangra, havelian gaho(hvn village,talla, banda sahib khan,

History[edit]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947.

Languages[edit]

A large population of Havelian speaks Hindko and pahari,Potohari. However, due to the poor conditions of law and order on the western borders of Pakistan, the pukhtuns from FATA have also settled in and around Havelian due to which Pashtu is widely spoken throughout Havelian now. Also, an influx of refugees from Afghanistan has brought the Afghan dialect of Persian and Dari to district Havelian.

Transport[edit]

Havelian's main public transport consist of auto rickshaws, modified Suzuki pickup vehicles, tongas, which can accommodate anywhere from 8 to 13 people at a time. Taxis and automobiles for hire are also available. Vans and buses are frequently used for connecting Havelian to the surrounding cities and towns in the region.

Railway[edit]

Havelian is the terminus of a branch railway, in February 2007, consultants were engaged to investigate the construction of a railway link to China. The line would go via the 4,730m-high Khunjerab pass.[2]

A former through railway to the east was cut by partition with India.

Occupation[edit]

Agriculture and business are the main occupations of the people in Havelian. Quite a number of people are also employed in the ordnance factories & ordnance depot however, the factory boasts its own housing area separate from the old city.one the the best courier and cargo company,KMW Domestic and international courier and cargo Pvt limited is situated in Havelian.

Education[edit]

1. Government High School, Havelian 2. Jinnah Public School, Havelian 3. International Public School and College, Havelian 4. Al Arqam School, Havelian 5. Educators 6.Sir Syed Public School & College Sultanpur,Havelian 7.Air Foundation School System Havelian

Holy places[edit]

Khanqa Mahboobabad Shareef Havelian

Largest Markzi Jamia Masjid AMEER MAHAVIA Havelian

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°03′11.00″N 73°09′12.00″E / 34.0530556°N 73.1533333°E / 34.0530556; 73.1533333