Havelian

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Havelian is the second largest municipality in the Abbottabad District, in the Hazara Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It serves as the headquarters for Havelian Tehsil. The word literally translates into English as "mansions". The outskirts of the city are also home to one of the largest ordnance factories of Pakistan, Pakistan Ordnance Factories Havelian. An ordnance depot also exists in the vicinity of the city and the factory.

Geography[edit]

The countryside around Havelian is characterized by lush foothills

Havelian is located on the Karakoram Highway and on the banks of Dor River, about 15.5 kilometers south west of Abbottabad.[1]

History[edit]

The 'Sajikot Waterfall' is a short distance from Havelian.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

Languages[edit]

A large population of Havelian speaks Hindko and Pahari, Potohari. However, due to deteriorating law and order situation on the western borders of Pakistan, the Pushtuns from FATA have also settled in and around Havelian causing Pashtu to be widely spoken throughout Havelian. Also, an influx of refugees from Afghanistan has brought the Afghan dialect of Persian and Dari to district Havelian.

Transport[edit]

Havelian's main public transport consist of auto rickshaws, modified Suzuki pickup vehicles, tongas, which can accommodate anywhere from 8 to 13 people at a time. Taxis and automobiles for hire are also available. Vans and buses are frequently used for connecting Havelian to the surrounding cities and towns in the region.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif performed a groundbreaking ceremony of the Hazara Motorway, the road link of the Pakistan China Economic Corridor, on November 29, 2014. The 60-kilometre-long, 4-lane fenced expressway will cost Rs33 billion. The Hazara Motorway will reduce the drive time from Islamabad to Havelian to just 30 minutes, additionally providing a road to the Havelian Dry Port project. The project anticipates hundreds of thousands of employment opportunities, possibilities of new business ideas, and a socio-economic uplift of the whole region.[2]

Railway[edit]

Havelian is the terminus of a branch railway, in February 2007, consultants were engaged to investigate the construction of a railway link to China. The line would go via the 4,730m-high Khunjerab pass.[3]

A former through railway to the east was cut by partition with India.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture and business are the main occupations of the people in Havelian. A significant number of people are also employed in the ordnance factories and ordnance depot however, the factory boasts its own housing area separate from the old city. Courier and cargo company, KMW Domestic and international courier and cargo Pvt limited, is situated in Havelian.

Education[edit]

  1. Hazara University Havelian Campus
  2. Sir Syed Public School & College Sultanpur,Havelian
  3. Government High School, Havelian
  4. Jinnah Public School, Havelian
  5. International Public School and College, Havelian
  6. Al Arqam School, Havelian
  7. The Educators
  8. Air Foundation School System Havelian
 Hazara University Havelian Campus

Holy places[edit]

Khanqa Peer Syed Sattar Shah Daree Shareef Khanqa Peer Syed Zaman Shah Kazmi Kaseel Sydan

Nearby Villages[edit]

Villages in the immediate vicinity include Phullanawali, Haajia, Langra, Lari Siyadain, Malkan,Gohaal, Banda Abdul Jabbar Khan, Banda Bazdaar, Banda Said Khan,Bodla, Deiri Kiyaal, Baandi Attai Khan, Takia Sheikhan, Rajoya, ghora Bazgraan, Gharhi Pholgran, Chair Sajji Kot, Naara, Sultanpur, Changi Bandi Baldeer, Chamnaka, Kiala, Batala, Sajawel, Banda Subkhan, Maira, Khota Qabar, Theethaan, Sareela, Barsin, Kokal, Solan, Panjgran, Kashka, Jhangra, havelian gaho(hvn village,talla, banda sahib khan,Kaseel Syedan Daree Shareef Karaki Magree

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°03′11.00″N 73°09′12.00″E / 34.0530556°N 73.1533333°E / 34.0530556; 73.1533333